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Pacific Coastal & Marine Science Center

Coastal Processes

San Francisco Bay Coastal System

Summary

The objective of this project is to identify the physical processes and anthropogenic influences that have resulted in significant morphological changes to the San Francisco Bay Coastal System at a range of spatial and temporal scales. This, in turn, will aid in the assessment of the future impact of sea level rise, climate change, and sediment management practices on the beaches, tidal wetlands, and submarine resources. The project's development reflects the importance of an integrated, system-wide approach toward understanding sediment transport pathways from the delta mouth to the shelf.

Sample of a National Park Service poster produced in cooperation with the USGS.
Fort Point Wayside Poster from National Park Service
[larger version]

Investigators

  • Barnard, Patrick, Coastal Geologist, Project Chief
  • Erikson, Li, Coastal Engineer
  • Hein, Jim, Geologist
  • Jaffe, Bruce, Oceanographer
  • Lacy, Jessie, Oceanographer
  • McGann, Mary, Geologist
  • Rosenbauer, Bob, Geochemist
  • Peter Swarzenski, Oceanographer
  • Renee Takesue, Geochemist
  • Florence Wong, Geologist
  • Don Woodrow, Geologist

Links

Publications

  • Barnard, P.L., Allan, J., Hansen, J.E., Kaminsky, G.M., Ruggiero, P. and Doria, A., 2011, The impact of the 2009-10 El Niño Modoki on U.S. West Coast beaches: Geophysical Research Letters, Volume 38, L13604, 7 pp., doi:10.1029/2011GL047707
  • Barnard, P.L., Erikson, L.H., Elias, E.P.L., and Dartnell, P., 2012. Sediment transport patterns in the San Francisco Bay coastal system from cross-validation of bedform asymmetry and modeled residual flux. Marine Geology, doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2012.10.011
  • Barnard, P.L., Erikson, L.H., Elias, E., Dartnell, P., 2012. Cross-validation of bedform asymmetry and modeled residual sediment flux to determine sediment transport patterns in the San Francisco Bay Coastal System. Marine Geology, Special Issue San Francisco Bay, 24 pp., doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2012.10.011
  • Barnard, P.L., Erikson, L.H. and Hansen, J.E., 2009. Monitoring and modeling shoreline response due to shoreface nourishment on a high-energy coast. Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue 56, p. 29-33
  • Barnard, P.L., Erikson, L.H., Hansen, J.E., and Elias, Edwin, 2009. The Performance of nearshore dredge disposal at Ocean Beach, San Francisco, California, 2005-2007. USGS Open-File Report 2008-1347, 93 p.
  • Barnard, P.L., Erikson, L.H. and Kvitek, R.G., 2011. Small-scale sediment transport patterns and bedform morphodynamics: new insights from high resolution multibeam bathymetry. Geo-Marine Letters, Volume 31 (4), p. 227-236, doi:10.1007/s00367-011-0227-1
  • Barnard, P.L., Erikson, L.H., Rubin, D.M., Dartnell, P. and Kvitek, R.G., 2012. Analyzing bedforms mapped using multibeam sonar to determine regional bedload sediment transport patterns in the San Francisco Bay coastal system. Sedimentology, In: Li, M.Z., Sherwood, C.R., and Hill, P.R. (Eds.), Sediments, Morphology and Sedimentary Processes on Continental Shelves: Advances in technologies, research and applications. Special Publication 44 of the International Association of Sedimentologists (IAS), p. 273-294
  • Barnard, P.L., Eshleman, J.L., Erikson, L.H., Hanes, D.M., 2007. Coastal processes study at Ocean Beach, San Francisco, CA: summary of data collection 2004–2006. U.S. Geological Survey, Open File Report 2007–1217. 165 pp., http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2007/1217/
  • Barnard, P.L., Foxgrover, A.C., Elias, E.P.L., Erikson, L.H., Hein, J.R., McGann, M., Mizell, K., Rosenbauer, R.J., Swarzenski, P.W., Takesue, R.K., Wong, F.L. and Woodrow, D.L., 2013, Integration of bed characteristics, geochemical tracers, current measurements, and numerical modeling for assessing provenance of beach sand in the San Francisco Bay Coastal System: Marine Geology, Volume 336, p. 120-145 and Special Issue SF Bay, 26 pp., doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2012.11.008
  • Barnard, P.L., Hansen, J.E., and Erikson, L.H., 2012, Synthesis study of an erosion hot spot, Ocean Beach, California (USA): Journal of Coastal Research, v. 28, no. 4, p. 903–922, doi:10.2112/JCOASTRES-D-11-00212.1
  • Barnard, P.L., Hoover, D. and Hansen, J.E., 2011. Nearshore bathymetric evolution on a high-energy beach during the 2009-10 El Niño winter. In: Wang, P., Rosati, J.D. and Roberts, T.M. (Eds.) Coastal Sediments '11, Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Coastal Engineering and Science of Coastal Sediment Processes, American Society of Civil Engineers, Miami, FL, p. 1390-1403
  • Barnard, Patrick L., and Kvitek, Rikk G., 2010, Anthropogenic influence on recent bathymetric change in west-central San Francisco Bay: San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science, v. 8, no. 3, 13 p. [http://escholarship.org/uc/item/6k3524hg] [Download pdf (4.1 MB)]
  • Barnard, P.L., O'Reilly, B., van Ormondt, M., Elias, E., Ruggiero, P., Erikson, L.H., Hapke, C., Collins, B.D., Guza, R.T., Adams, P.N. and Thomas, J.T., 2009, The framework of a coastal hazards model: a tool for predicting the impact of severe storms: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1073, 21 pp.
  • Barnard, P.L., Schoellhamer, D.H., Jaffe, B.E. and McKee, L.J., 2013, Sediment transport in the San Francisco Bay Coastal System: an overview: Marine Geology, Special Issue SF Bay, 20 pp., doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2013.04.005
  • Brand, A., Lacy, J.R., Hsu, K., Hoover, D., Gladding, S., and M.T. Stacey. 2010. Wind-enhanced resuspension in the shallow waters of South San Francisco Bay: Mechanisms and potential implications for cohesive sediment transport. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans 115 (C11024), doi:10.1029/2010JC006172
  • Chin, J.L., Woodrow, D.L., McGann, M., Wong. F.L., Fregoso, T., and Jaffe, B. E., 2010, Estuarine Sedimentation in Central San Francisco Bay, California: Chaper I in Chin, J.L., Woodrow, D.L., McGann, Mary, Wong, F.L., Fregoso, Theresa, and Jaffe, B.E., 2010, Estuarine sedimentation, sediment character, and foraminiferal distribution in central San Francisco Bay, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2010-1130, 58 p., data tables, and GIS data., p. 3-13,
  • Dallas, Kate L., and Barnard, Patrick L., 2011, Anthropogenic influences on shoreline and nearshore evolution in the San Francisco Bay coastal system: Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, v. 92, no. 1, p. 195-204, doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2010.12.031
  • Dallas, K. and Barnard, P.L., 2009, Linking human impacts within an estuary to ebb-tidal delta evolution. Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue 56, p. 713-716
  • Elias, Edwin P.L., and Hansen, Jeff E., 2012, Understanding processes controlling sediment transports at the mouth of a highly energetic inlet system (San Francisco Bay, CA): Marine Geology, Special Issue San Francisco Bay, 14 pp., doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2012.07.003
  • Foxgrover, A.C., and Barnard, P.L., 2012, A seamless, high-resolution digital elevation model (DEM) of the north-central California coast: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 684, 11 p. and data files, http://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/684/
  • Hanes, D. M., 2009, Recent technologies usher in new era of coastal geomorphology research: Eos Trans. AGU, 90(23), 198-199
  • Hanes, D.M, Barnard, P.L., Dallas, K., Elias, E., Erikson, L.H., Eshelman, J., Hansen, J.E. Hsu, T.J., and Shi, F., 2011, Recent scientific advances and their implications for sand management near San Francisco, California: the influences of the ebb tidal delta. In: Wang, P., Rosati, J.D. and Roberts, T.M. (Eds.) Coastal Sediments '11, Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Coastal Engineering and Science of Coastal Sediment Processes, American Society of Civil Engineers, Miami, FL, p. 472-483, doi:10.1142/9789814355537_0036
  • Hansen, Jeff E., and Barnard, Patrick L., 2010, Sub-weekly to interannual variability of a high-energy shoreline: Coastal Engineering, 57(11-12), 959-972. doi:10.1016/j.coastaleng.2010.05.011
  • Hansen, J.E. and Barnard, P.L., 2009, The observed relationship between wave conditions and beach response: a tool for coastal management: Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue 56, p. 1771-1775, http://e-geo.fcsh.unl.pt/ICS2009/_docs/ICS2009_Volume_II/1771.1775_J.E.Hansen_ICS2009.pdf
  • Hansen, J.E., Elias, E., List, J.H. and Barnard, P.L., 2011, A numerical model investigation of the formation and persistence of an erosion hot spot. In: Wang, P., Rosati, J.D. and Roberts, T.M. (Eds.) Coastal Sediments '11, Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Coastal Engineering and Science of Coastal Sediment Processes, American Society of Civil Engineers, Miami, FL, p. 1769-1782, doi:10.1142/9789814355537_0134
  • Hansen, J.E., Elias, E., List, J.H., Erikson, L.H. and Barnard, P.L., 2013, Tidally influenced alongshore circulation at an inlet-adjacent shoreline: Continental Shelf Research, Volume 56, p. 26-38, doi:10.1016/j.csr.2013.01.017
  • Hein, J.R., Mizell, K., and Barnard, P.L., 2013, Sand sources and transport pathways for the San Francisco Bay coastal system, based on X-ray diffraction mineralogy: Marine Geology, Special Issue SF Bay, 50 pp., doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2013.04.003
  • Ji, S., Hanes, D.M., and Shen, H.H., 2009, Comparisons of Physical Experiment and Discrete Element Simulations of Rapidly Sheared Granular Materials in an Annular Shear Cell, Mechanics of Materials: doi:10.1016/j.mechmat.2009.01.029
  • Lacy, J.R., and Hoover, D.J., 2011, Wave exposure of Corte Madera Marsh, Marin County, California; a field investigation: US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2011-1183, 28 p.
  • McGann, M., 2008, High-resolution foraminiferal, isotopic, and trace element records from Holocene estuarine deposits of San Francisco Bay, California: Journal of Coastal Research, v. 24, no. 5, p. 1092-1109
  • McGann, Mary, 2010, Central San Francisco Bay Foraminferal Study: Chaper III in Estuarine sedimentation, sediment character, and foraminiferal distribution in Central San Francisco Bay, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2010-1130, p. 35-58
  • Rosenbauer, R.J., Campbell, P.L., Lam, Angela, Lorenson, T.D., Hostettler, F.D., Thomas, Burt, and Wong, F.L., 2010, Reconnaissance of Macondo-1 well oil in sediment and tarballs from the northern Gulf of Mexico shoreline, Texas to Florida: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2010-1290, 22 p.
  • Rosenbauer, R.J., Foxgrover, A.C., Hein, J.R., Swarzenski, P.W., 2013. A Sr-Nd isotopic study of sand-sized sediment provenance and transport for the San Francisco Bay Coastal System. Marine Geology, Special Issue San Francisco Bay, 11 pp., doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2013.01.002
  • Shi, F., Hanes, D.M., Kirby, J.T., Erikson, L., Barnard, P.L. and Eshleman, J., 2011, Pressure gradient-dominated nearshore circulation on a beach influenced by a large inlet-tidal shoal system. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, Volume 116, C04020, 18 pp., doi:10.1029/2010JC006788
  • Sterlini, F., S. J. M. H. Hulscher, and D. M. Hanes, 2009, Simulating and understanding sand wave variation: A case study of the Golden Gate sand waves, J. Geophys. Res., 114, F02007, doi:10.1029/2008JF000999
  • Woodrow, D., Chin, J., Wong, F., Fregoso, T., and Jaffe, B., 2010, Gravity cores, radiocarbon dates, and grain-size of surficial sediments, Central San Francisco Bay, California: Chaper II in Estuarine sedimentation, sediment character, and foraminiferal distribution in Central San Francisco Bay, California: U.S. Geological Survey Report Series 2010-1130, p. 14-34
  • Yates, M.L., Guza, R.T., O'Reilly, W.C., Hansen, J.E. and Barnard, P.L., 2011, Equilibrium shoreline response of a high wave energy beach. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, Volume 116, C04014, 13 pp., doi:10.1029/2010JC006681
  • Yu, X., Hsu, T.J., and Hanes, D.M., 2010, Sediment transport under wave groups: Relative importance between nonlinear wave shape and nonlinear boundary layer streaming, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 115, C02013, doi:10.1029/2009JC005348

 

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