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A Tale of Two Deltas: Potential Impacts of Cascadia-Margin Earthquakes on the Fraser River (Vancouver) and Duwamish River Deltas (Seattle)

Index Back to home pageAbout these web pagesConclusionsFuturePresentPastHolocene deltasAbstract General Character of the Holocene Deltas
Geologic map of the Fraser River Delta area.Click on map for larger image (24K). The Holocene deltas of the Vancouver and Seattle-Tacoma areas underlie highly urbanized communities. On the left, the margin of the Fraser delta is home to extensive residential, commercial and port development. Historic sloughs, below, lace much of the modern delta. The Duwamish delta front is dominated by piers, industry, tourist attractions and a large marine container port.

Site map of Fraser River Delta area.

Delta Progradation Rates. The diagram on the right depicts the convulsive and episodic advancement of the Puget Deltas during times of Holocene volcanic activity affecting the watershed. Averaged progradation rates are below. 6 models of delta progradation.
A common element of the deltas is that they fill late Pleistocene fjords (below) formed by the advance and retreat of the Strait of Georgia and Puget lobes of the cordilleran ice sheet. On the right, the former and deep Duwamish and Puyallup embayments were filled by deltas prograding northward away from Mt. Rainier, and towards the Sound. Map of Duwamish and Puyallup River Deltas.
Topography of Duwamish and Puyallup embayments.


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