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Pacific Coastal & Marine Science Center

A Global Inventory of Natural Gas Hydrate Occurrence

by Keith A. Kvenvolden and Thomas D. Lorenson

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Composite List of References for Global Gas Hydrate Sites - Atlantic

Key: Type: Reference:
A1 BSR Manley, P.L., and R.D. Flood, Anomalous sound velocities in near-surface, organic-rich gassy sediments in the central Argentine Basin, Deep-Sea Research, 36, 611-623, 1989.
A2 BSR Manley, P.L., and R.D. Flood, Anomalous sound velocities in near-surface, organic-rich gassy sediments in the central Argentine Basin, Deep-Sea Research, 36, 611-623, 1989.
A3 BSR Fontana, R.L., and A. Mussumeci, Hydrates offshore Brazil, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 715, 106-113, 1994.
A4 BSR Ladd, J., G. Westbrook, and S. Lewis, Subduction tectonics in forearcs: Guatemala vs. Barbados, Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory Yearbook 1981- 1982, 8, 17-22, 1982.
A5 BSR Ladd, J.W., M. Truchan, M. Talwani, P.L. Stoffa, P. Buh, R. Houtz, A. Mauffret, and G. Westbrook, Seismic reflection profiles across the southern margin of the Caribbean, The Geological Society of America Memoir 162, 153-159, 1984.
A6 BSR Shipley, T.H., M.H. Houston, R.T. Buffler, F.J. Shaub, K.J. McMillen, J.W. Ladd, and J.L. Worzel, J.L., Seismic reflection evidence for the widespread occurrence of possible gas-hydrate horizons on continental slopes and rises, American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 63, 2204-2213, 1979.
A7 BSR Shipley, T.H., M.H. Houston, R.T. Buffler, F.J. Shaub, K.J. McMillen, J.W. Ladd, and J.L. Worzel, J.L., Seismic reflection evidence for the widespread occurrence of possible gas-hydrate horizons on continental slopes and rises, American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 63, 2204-2213, 1979.
Hedberg, H.D., Methane generation and petroleum migration, in Problems of Petroleum Migration, American Association Petroleum Geologists, Studies in Geology 10, 179-206, 1980.
A8 Sample Brooks, J.M., M.C. Kennicutt III, R.R. Fay, T.J. McDonald, and R. Sassen, Thermogenic gas hydrates in the Gulf of Mexico: Science, 225, 409- 411, 1984.
Brooks, J.M., B.H. Cox, W.R. Bryant, M.C. Kennicutt III, R.G. Mann, and T.J. McDonald, Association of gas hydrates and oil seepage in the Gulf of Mexico, Organic Geochemistry, 10, 221-234, 1986.
Pflaum, R.C., J.M. Brooks, H.B. Cox, M.C. Kennicutt, and D-D. Sheu, Molecular and isotopic analysis of core gases and gas hydrates, Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 96, Initial Reports, Deep Sea Drilling Project, 96, 781-784, 1986.
Sassen, R., and I.R. MacDonald, Evidence of structure H hydrate, Gulf of Mexico continental slope, Organic Geochemistry, 22, 1029-1032, 1994.
Sassen, R., and I.R. MacDonald, Hydrocarbons of experimental and natural gas hydrates, Gulf of Mexico continental slope, Organic Geochemistry, 26, 289-293, 1997.
A9 Sample
DSDP Leg 76
Kvenvolden, K.A., and L.A. Barnard, Gas hydrates of the Blake Outer Ridge, Site 533, Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 76, Initial Reports, Deep Sea Drilling Project, 76, 353-365, 1983.
ODP Leg 164 Paull, C.K., R. Matsumoto, P.J. Wallace, et al., Proc. Ocean Drill. Program, Initial Reports 164, 623 pp., 1996.
Paull, C.K., T.D. Lorenson, W.S. Boroworski, W. Ussler, K. Olsen, N.M. Rodriguez, and H. Wehner, Isotopic composition of CH4 , CO2 species, and sedimentary organic matter within ODP Leg 164 sample from the Blake Ridge: Gas source implications, Proc. Ocean Drill. Program, Sci. Results, 164, 67-78, 1999.
Lorenson, T.D., and T.S. Collett, Gas content and composition of gas hydrate from sediments of the southeastern North American continental margin, Proc. Ocean Drill. Program, Sci. Results, 164, 37-46, 1999.
BSR Markl, R.G., G.M. Bryan, and J.I. Ewing, Structure of the Blake-Bahama Outer Ridge, Journal Geophysical Research, 75, 4539-4555, 1970.
Shipley, T.H., M.H. Houston, R.T. Buffler, F.J. Shaub, K.J. McMillen, J.W. Ladd, and J.L. Worzel, J.L., Seismic reflection evidence for the widespread occurrence of possible gas-hydrate horizons on continental slopes and rises, American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 63, 2204-2213, 1979.
Holbrook, W.S., H. Hoskins, W.T. Wood, R.A. Stephen, D. Lizarralde, and Leg 164 Science Party, Methane hydrate and free gas on the Blake Ridge from vertical seismic profiling, Science, 273, 1840-1843, 1996.
<CL-,
DSDP Leg 76
Jenden, P.D., and J.M. Gieskes, Chemical and isotopic composition of interstitial water from Deep Sea Drilling Project Sites 533 and 534, Initial Reports Deep Sea Drilling Project, 76, 453-461, 1983.
Well logs
ODP Leg 164
Collett, T.S., and J. Ladd, Detection of gas hydrate with downhole logs and assessment of gas hydrate concentrations (saturations) and gas volumes on the Blake Ridge with electrical resistivity log data, Proc. Ocean Drill. Program, Sci. Results, 164, 179-191, 1999.
Lee, M.W., Gas hydrates amount estimated from acoustic logs at the Blake Ridge, Sites 994, 995, and 997, Proc. Ocean Drill. Program, Sci. Results, 164, 193-198, 1999.
Collett, T.S., and R.F. Wendlandt, Formation evaluation of gas hydrate-bearing marine sediments on the Blake Ridge with downhole geochemical log measurements, Proc. Ocean Drill. Program, Sci. Results, 164, 199-215, 1999.
Slumps Carpenter, G., Coincident sediment slump/clathrate complexes on the U.S. Atlantic continental slope, Geo-Marine Letters, 1, 29-32, 1981.
Slumps Dillon, W.P., W.W. Danforth, D.R. Hutchinson, R.M. Drury, M.H. Taylor, and J.S. Booth, Evidence for faulting related to dissociation of gas hydrate and release of methane off the southeastern United States, in Gas Hydrates‹Relevance to World Margin Stability and Climatic Change, edited by J.-P Henriet and J. Mienert, pp. 293-302, The Geological Society, London, Special Publication 137, 1998.
A10 BSR Dillon, W.P., P. Popenoe, J.A. Grow, K.D. Klitgord, B.A. Swift, C.K. Paull, and K.V. Cashman, Growth faulting and salt diapirism: their relationship and control in the Carolina Trough, eastern North America, in Studies in Continental Margin Geology, American Association Petroleum Geologists Memoir 34, 21-46, 1983.
A11 BSR Tucholke, B.E., G.M. Bryan, and J.I. Ewing, Gas-hydrate horizons detected in seismic-profiler data from the western North Atlantic, American Association Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 61, 698-707, 1977.
Dillon, W.P., M.W. Lee, K. Fehlhaber, and D.G. Coleman, Gas hydrates on the Atlantic continental margin of the United States‹controls on concentration, The Future of Energy Gases, U.S. Geological Survey, Professional Paper 1570, 313-330, 1993.
Dillon, W.P., K. Fehlhaber, D.F. Coleman, M.W. Lee, and D.R. Hutchinson, Maps showing gas-hydrate distribution off the east coast of the United States, U.S. Geological Survey, Miscellaneous Field Studies Map, MF 2268, 2 sheets, 1995.
A12 BSR Taylor, A.E., R.J. Wetmiller, and A.S. Judge, Two risks to drilling and production off the east coast of Canada--earthquakes and gas hydrates, in W. Denner (Ed.), Symposium on Research in the Labrador Coastal and Offshore Region, Memorial University of Newfoundland, 91-105, 1979.
A13 BSR Bugge, T., S. Befring, R.H. Belderson, T. Eidvin, E. Jansen, N.H. Kenyon, H. Holtedahl, and H.P. Sejrup, A giant three-stage submarine slide off Norway, Geo-Marine Letters, 7, 191-198, 1987.
Mienert, J., J. Posewang, and M. Baumann, Gas hydrates along the northeastern Atlantic margin: possible hydrate-bound margin instabilities and possible release of methane, in Gas Hydrates‹Relevance to World Margin Stability and Climatic Change, edited by J.-P Henriet and J. Mienert, pp. 275-291, The Geological Society, London, Special Publication 137, 1998.
Slumps Jansen, E., S. Befring, T. Bugge, T. Eidvin, G. Hotedahl, and H.P. Sejrup, Large submarine slides on the Norwegian continental margin: sediments, transport and timing, Marine Geology, 78, 77-107, 1987.
Bugge, T., S. Befring, R.H. Belderson, T. Eidvin, E. Jansen, N.H. Kenyon, H. Holtedahl, and H.P. Sejrup, A giant three-stage submarine slide off Norway, Geo-Marine Letters, 7, 191-198, 1987.
<CL- Hesse, R., and W.E. Harrison, Gas hydrates (clathrates) causing pore-water freshening and oxygen isotope fractionation in deep-water sedimentary sections of terrigenous continental margins, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 55, 453-462, 1981.
CH4, <CL-,
ODP Leg 104
Kvenvolden, K.A., M. Golan-Bac, T.J. McDonald, R.C. Pflaum, and J.M. Brooks, Hydrocarbon gases in sediment of the Vøring Plateau, Norwegian Sea, Proc. Ocean Drill. Program, Sci. Results, 104, 319-326, 1989.
A14 BSR Andreassen, K., K. Hogstad, and K.A. Berteussen, Gas hydrate in the southern Barents Sea, indicated by a shallow seismic anomaly, First Break, 8, 235-245, 1990.
A15 BSR Posewang, J., and J. Mienert, High-resolution seismic studies of gas hydrates west of Svalbard, Geo-Marine Letters, 19, 150-156, 1999.
A16 Sample Ginsburg, G.D., A.V. Milkov, V.A. Soloviev, A.V. Egorov, G.A. Cherdashev, P.R. Vogt, K. Crane, T.D. Lorenson, and M.D. Khutorskoy, Gas hydrate accumulation at the Haakon-Mosby mud volcano, Geo-Marine Letters, 19, 57-67, 1999.
A17 BSR Henriet, J.P., B. De Mol, S. Pillen, M. Vanneste, D. Van Rooij, W. Versteeg, P.F. Croker, P.M. Shannon, V. Unnithan, S. Bouriak, P. Chachkine, and The Porcupine‹Beligica 97 Shipboard Party, Gas hydrate crystals may help build reefs, Nature, 391, 648-649, 1998.
A18 Slumps Summerhayes, C.P., B.D. Bornhold, and R.W. Embley, Surficial slides and slumps on the continental slopes and rises of Southwest Africa: a reconnaissance study, Marine Geology, 31, 265-277, 1979.
A19 Slumps Brooks, J.M., A.L. Anderson, R. Sassen, I.R. MacDonald, M.C. Kennicutt II, and N.L. Guinasso, Jr., Hydrate occurrences in shallow subsurface cores from continental slope sediments, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 715, 318-391, 1994.
 
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