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Pacific Coastal & Marine Science Center

A Global Inventory of Natural Gas Hydrate Occurrence

by Keith A. Kvenvolden and Thomas D. Lorenson

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Composite List of References for Global Gas Hydrate Sites - Pacific

Key: Type: Reference:
P1 BSR Shipley, T.H., M.H. Houston, R.T. Buffler, F.J. Shaub, K.J. McMillen, J.W. Ladd, and J.L. Worzel, J.L., Seismic reflection evidence for the widespread occurrence of possible gas-hydrate horizons on continental slopes and rises, American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 63, 2204-2213, 1979.
P2 Sample
DSDP Leg 84
Kvenvolden, K.A., and T.J. McDonald, Gas hydrates of the Middle America Trench, Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 84, Initial Reports, Deep Sea Drilling Project, 84, 667-682, 1985.
Sample
ODP Leg 170
Shipboard Scientific Party, Site 1041, Proc. Ocean Drilling Program, Initial Reports, 170, 153-188, 1997.
BSR Shipley, T.H., M.H. Houston, R.T. Buffler, F.J. Shaub, K.J. McMillen, J.W. Ladd, and J.L. Worzel, J.L., Seismic reflection evidence for the widespread occurrence of possible gas-hydrate horizons on continental slopes and rises, American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 63, 2204-2213, 1979.
P3 BSR Shipley, T.H., M.H. Houston, R.T. Buffler, F.J. Shaub, K.J. McMillen, J.W. Ladd, and J.L. Worzel, J.L., Seismic reflection evidence for the widespread occurrence of possible gas-hydrate horizons on continental slopes and rises, American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 63, 2204-2213, 1979.
P4 Sample
DSDP Leg 67
Harrison, W.E., and J.A. Curiale, Gas hydrates in sediments of holes 497 and 498A, Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 67, Initial Reports, Deep Sea Drilling Project, 67, 591-594, 1982.
Sample
DSDP Leg 84
Kvenvolden, K.A., and T.J. McDonald, Gas hydrates of the Middle America Trench, Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 84, Initial Reports, Deep Sea Drilling Project, 84, 667-682, 1985.
BSR Shipley, T.H., M.H. Houston, R.T. Buffler, F.J. Shaub, K.J. McMillen, J.W. Ladd, and J.L. Worzel, J.L., Seismic reflection evidence for the widespread occurrence of possible gas-hydrate horizons on continental slopes and rises, American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 63, 2204-2213, 1979.
<Cl-,
DSDP Leg 67
Hesse, R., and W.E. Harrison, Gas hydrates (clathrates) causing pore-water freshening and oxygen isotope fractionation in deep-water sedimentary sections of terrigenous continental margins, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 55, 453-462, 1981.
Harrison, W.E., R. Hesse, and J.M. Gieskes, Relationship between sedimentary facies and interstitial water chemistry of slope, trench, and Cocos plate sites from the Middle America Trench transect, active margin off Guatemala, Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 67, Initial Reports, Deep Sea Drilling Project, 67, 603-613, 1982.
<Cl-,
DSDP Leg 84
Hesse, R., J. Lebel, and J.M. Gieskes, Interstitial water chemistry of gas-hydrate- bearing sections on the Middle America Trench slope, Deep-Sea Drilling Project leg 84, Initial Reports, Deep Sea Drilling Project, 84, 727-736, 1985.
Well logs,
DSDP Leg 84
Kvenvolden, K.A., and T.J. McDonald, Gas hydrates of the Middle America Trench, Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 84, Initial Reports, Deep Sea Drilling Project, 84, 667-682, 1985.
P5 Sample
DSDP Leg 66
Shipley, T.H., and B.M. Didyk, Occurrence of methane hydrates offshore southern Mexico, Initial Reports, Deep Sea Drilling Project, 66, 547- 555, 1982.
BSR Shipley, T.H., M.H. Houston, R.T. Buffler, F.J. Shaub, K.J. McMillen, J.W. Ladd, and J.L. Worzel, J.L., Seismic reflection evidence for the widespread occurrence of possible gas-hydrate horizons on continental slopes and rises, American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 63, 2204-2213, 1979.
P6 BSR Lonsdale P., A transform continental margin rich in hydrocarbons, Gulf of California, American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 69, 1160-1180, 1985.
P7 Sample Brooks, J.M., M.E. Field, and M.C. Kennicutt, Observations of gas hydrates in marine sediments, offshore northern California, Marine Geology, 96, 103-109, 1991.
BSR Field, M.E., and K.A. Kvenvolden, Gas hydrates on the northern California continental margin, Geology, 13, 517-520, 1985.
P8 Sample
ODP Leg 146
Whiticar, M.J., M. Hovland, M. Kastner, and J.C. Sample, Organic geochemistry of gases, fluids, and hydrates at the Cascadia accretionary margin, Proc. Ocean Drill. Program, Sci. Results, 146 (Pt. 1), 385-397, 1995.
Kastner, M., K.A. Kvenvolden, and T.D. Lorenson, Chemistry, isotopic composition, and origin of a methane-hydrogen sulfide hydrate at the Cascadia subduction zone, Earth and Planetary Science Letters,156, 173-183, 1998.
Hydrate Ridge Suess, E., M.E. Torres, G. Bohrmann, R.W. Collier, J. Greinert, P. Linke, G. Rehder, A. Trehu, K. Wallmann, G. Winckler, and E. Zuleger, Gas hydrate destabilization: enhanced dewatering, benthic material turnover and large methane plumes at the Cascadia convergent margin, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 170, 1-15, 1999a.
Suess, E., G. Bohrman, J. Greinert, and E. Lausch, Flammable Ice, Scientific American, 281 (5), 76l-83, 1999b.
BSR Moore, J.C., K.M. Brown, F. Horath, G. Cochrane, M. MacKay, and G. Moore, Plumbing accretionary prisms: effects of permeability variations. Philosophical Transactions Royal Society of London Series A, 335, 275-288, 1992.
P9 BSR Davis, E.E., R.D. Hyndman, and H. Villinger, Rates of fluid expulsion across the northern Cascadia accretionary prism: Constraints from new heat flow and multichannel seismic reflection data, Journal Geophysical Research 95(B6), 8869-8889, 1990.
Hyndman, R.D., and G.D. Spence, A seismic study of methane hydrate marine bottom simulating reflectors, Journal Geophysical Research 97(B5), 6683- 6698, 1992.
P10 Slumps Bornhold, B.D., and D.B. Prior, Sediment blocks on the sea floor in British Columbia fjords, GeoMarine Letters, 9, 135-144, 1989.
P11 BSR Kvenvolden K.A., and R. von Huene, Natural gas generation in sediments of the convergent margin of the eastern Aleutian Trench area, in Tectonostratigraphic Terranes of the Circum-Pacific Region, Circum-Pacific Council on Energy and Minerals, Earth Science Series 1, 31-49, 1985.
P12 BSR McCarthy, J., A.J. Stevenson, D.W. Scholl, and T.L.Vallier, Speculations on the petroleum geology of the accretionary body: an example from the central Aleutians, Marine and Petroleum Geology, 1, 151-167, 1984.
<Cl- Hesse, R., and W.E. Harrison, Gas hydrates (clathrates) causing pore-water freshening and oxygen isotope fractionation in deep-water sedimentary sections of terrigenous continental margins, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 55, 453-462, 1981.
P13 VAMPs Scholl, D.W., and A.K. Cooper, VAMPs--Possible hydrocarbon-bearing structures in Bering Sea basin, American Association Petroleum Geologists Bulletin 62, 2481-2488, 1978.
P14 BSR Hammond, R.D., and J.R. Gaither, Anomalous seismic character‹Bering Sea shelf, Geophysics, 48, 590-605, 1983.
P15 BSR Carlson, P.R., M. Golan-Bac, H.A. Karl, and K.A. Kvenvolden, Seismic and geochemical evidence for shallow gas in sediment on Navarin continental margin, Bering Sea, American Association Petroleum Geologists Bulletin 69, 422-436, 1985.
P16 BSR Saltykova, N.A., V.A. Soloviev, and A.D. Pavlenkin, Seismic indications of submarine gas hydrates in the Bering Sea, Geological-Geophysical Investigations of the World Oceans, Sevmorgeologia, Lenigrad, 119- 130, 1987.
P17 Sample Zonenshayn, L.P., I.O. Murdmaa, B.V. Baranov, A.P. Kusnetsov, V.S. Kuzin, M.I. Kuz’min, G.P. Avdeyko, P.A. Stunzhas, V.N. Lukashin, M.S. Barash, G.M. Valyashko, and L.L. Demina, An underwater gas source in the Sea of Okhotsk west of Paramushir Island, Oceanology, 27, 795-800, 1987.
P18 Sample Ginsburg, G.D., V.A. Soloviev, R.E. Cranston, T.D. Lorenson, and K.A. Kvenvolden, Gas hydrates from the continental slope, offshore Sakhalin Island, Okhotsk Sea, Geo-Marine Letters, 13, 41-48, 1993.
P19 BSR Matsumoto, R., Y. Okuda, and Y. Aoki, Methane hydrate, Tokoyo Nikkei Science Publishers, 1994.
Sato, M., Geographical distribution of naturally occurring gas hydrates, The Earth Monthly, 16, 533-538, 1994.
P20 Sample
ODP Leg 127
Shipboard Scientific Party, Site 796, Proc. Ocean Drill. Program, Initial Reports 127, 247-322, 1990.
<Cl-,
DSDP Leg 57
Moore, G.W., and J.M. Gieskes, Interaction between sediment and interstitial water near the Japan Trench, Leg 57, Deep Sea Drilling Project, Initial Reports, Deep Sea Drilling Project,56, 57(2), 1269-1275, 1980.
BSR Kuramoto, S., and I. Okamura, The single-channel acoustic investigation and 3.5 kHz SBP search of the ocean area off southwestern Hokkaido, in General study on the environmental variations of the ocean area west off Hokkaido, Geological Survey of Japan, 28-41, 1995.
P21 BSR Sato, M., Geographical distribution of naturally occurring gas hydrates, The Earth Monthly, 16, 533-538, 1994.
P22 BSR Sato, M., Geographical distribution of naturally occurring gas hydrates, The Earth Monthly, 16, 533-538, 1994.
P23 BSR Aoki, Y., T. Tamano, and S. Kato, Detailed structure of the Nankai Trough from migrated seismic sections, in Studies in Continental Margin Geology, American Association Petroleum Geologists Memoir 34, 309-322, 1983.
Tamano T, T. Toba, and Y. Aoki, Development of fore-arc continental margins and their potential for hydrocarbon accumulation, Proceedings 11th World Petroleum Congress, New York, Wiley, 2, 135-145, 1984.
P24 Sample
ODP Leg 131
Shipboard Scientific Party, Site 808 Proc. Ocean Drill. Program, Initial Reports 131, 71-269, 1991.
BSR Shipboard Scientific Party, Site 808 Proc. Ocean Drill. Program, Initial Reports 131, 71-269, 1991.
P25 BSR Sato, M., Geographical distribution of naturally occurring gas hydrates, The Earth Monthly, 16, 533-538, 1994.
Matsumoto, R., Y. Okuda, and Y. Aoki, Methane hydrate, Tokoyo Nikkei Science Publishers, 1994.
P26 BSR Okuda, Y., Methane hydrate with special reference to potentialities as future natural gas resources, Proceedings of Thermal Engineering Symposium of July 7, 1995; Japan Association of Mechanical Engineering, 5-8, 1995.
Gas Epoch, Potential of unconventional natural gas: methane hydrate, Japan Gas Association, Gas Epoch, 8, 18-21, 1995.
CH4, <Cl- JNOC press release, Proof of the methane-hydrate-containing layer in the national wildcat, “Nankai Trough”, based on the National Domestic Petroleum Exploration Program, Japan National Oil Corporation, January 20, 2000.
P27 BSR Arato, H., G. Akai, S. Uchiyama, T. Kudo, and K. Sekiguchi, BSRs recognized within the Offshore Chiba basin, Abstract, Spring Meeting, Japanese Association for Petroleum Technology, 1995.
P28 BSR Sato, M., Geographical distribution of naturally occurring gas hydrates, The Earth Monthly, 16, 533-538, 1994.
P29 BSR Katz, H.R., Probable gas hydrate in continental slope east of the North Island, New Zealand, Journal of Petroleum Geology, 3, 315-324, 1981.
P30 BSR Cande, S.C., R.B. Leslie, J.C. Parra, and M. Hobart, Interaction between the Chile Ridge and Chile Trench: geophysical and geothermal evidence, Journal Geophysical Research 92(B1), 495-520, 1987
CH4, <Cl-,
ODP Leg 141
Froelich, P.N., K.A. Kvenvolden, M.E. Torres, A. Waseda, B.M. Didyk, and T.D. Lorenson, Geochemical evidence for gas hydrate in sediment near the Chile Triple Junction, Proc. Ocean Drill. Program, Sci. Results, 141, 279-286, 1995.
P31 Sample
ODP Leg 112
Kvenvolden, K.A., and M. Kastner, Gas hydrates of the Peruvian outer continental margin, Proc. Ocean Drill. Program, Sci. Results, 112, 517-526, 1990.
BSR Miller, J.J., M.W. Lee, and R. von Huene, An analysis of a seismic reflection from the base of a gas hydrate zone, offshore Peru, American Association Petroleum Geologist Bulletin 75, 910-924, 1991.
P32 BSR Chi, W-C., D.L. Reed, C-S Liu, and N. Lundberg, Distribution of the bottom-simulating reflector in the offshore Taiwan collision zone, Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, 9, 779-794, 1998.
P33 BSR Exon, N.F., G.R. Dickens, J-M. Auzende, Y. Lafoy, P.A. Symonds, and S. Van de Beuque, Gas hydrates and free gas on the Lord Howe Rise, Tasman Sea, Petroleum Exploration Society of Australia Journal, No. 26, 148-158, 1998.
P34 CH4 McKirdy, D.M., and P.J. Cook, Organic geochemistry of Pliocene-Pleistocene calcareous sediments, DSDP Site 262, Timor Trough, American Association Petroleum Geologists Bulletin 64, 2118-2138, 1980.
P35 BSR Neben, S., K. Hinz, and H. Beiersdorf, Reflection characteristics, depth and geographical distribution of bottom simulating reflectors within the accritionary wedge of Sulawesi, in Gas Hydrates-Relevance to World Margin Stability and Climatic Change, edited by J.-P Henriet and J. Mienert, pp. 255-265, The Geological Society, London, Special Publication 137, 1998.
 
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