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USGS CMG B-1-98-SC Metadata

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ID B-1-98-SC
Abstract United States Geological Survey, Menlo Park, California. Chief Scientist: Guy Cochrane. Seismic and Sidescan Sonar and Video data (YoNav, Kleinsidescan, underwatercamera) of field activity B-1-98-SC in Santa Barbara Coast and Channel Islands from 06/14/1998 to 06/29/1998
Organization United States Geological Survey, Menlo Park, California
Project/Theme National Seafloor Mapping and Benthic Habitat Studies
National Plan Environment
Chief Scientist Guy Cochrane
Activity Type Seismic and Sidescan Sonar and Video
Platform Ballena
Area of Operation Santa Barbara Coast and Channel Islands, Southern California
Bounding Coordinates
34.40898
-119.69134    -118.83857
34.00000
Dates 06/14/1998 (JD 165) to 06/29/1998 (JD 180)
Analog Materials list
Crew
Guy Cochrane Chief Scientist, USGS Western Region
Mike Boyle Electronic Technician, USGS Western Region
Equipment Used
YoNav
Kleinsidescan
underwatercamera
Purpose
Nearshore Benthic Habitats mapping
Information to be Derived
2048 samples were recorded per channel over a swath width of 400 m yielding a 
pixel size of 0.1 m of seafloor area for the side-scan data.
Summary
We used the R/V Ballena, owned by the Channel Islands National Marine
Sanctuary, for our geophysical surveying. Combined sidescan-sonar imaging,
seismic reflection profiling, and towed bottom camera work began on June 15
after a day of mobilization, and ended June 26 with one day of demobilization.
Data was collected in  nearshore waters, here defined as 0 to 100 meters in
depth. Two areas were surveyed in 1998, a 59 square km area north of Anacapa
Island, and a 113 square km area surrounding the Big Sycamore Canyon Reserve, on
the California coast, northwest of Pt. Dume. Approximately 6 hours of bottom
video was recorded in each of the two areas for groundtruthing the sidescan.The
geophysical surveying done in this and future years will be combined with
existing population studies, sediment sampling, ROV, submersible, and bottom
video camera observations to better understand benthic habitat - faunal
relationships. Navigation Systems - The 1998 survey was navigated with a Leica
Differential  Global Positioning System (DGPS) which provided a ship position
with accuracy  of 1-5 m in DGPS mode. At times during the cruise differential
signal was  interrupted. In non-differential mode, the receiver provided a
position with  30-50 m accuracy. A KVH Industries Inc. azimuth digital
gyro-compass provided  ship headings with 0.5 degree accuracy. Navigation data
were recorded using  Yo-Nav version 1.19 (Gann, 1992). The sidescan fish is
towed approximately 20 m above the seafloor. The distance behind the ship of the
fish was not  known during this survey and must be estimated when the data is
processed  in order to produce the sidescan image mosaics. Sidescan Surveying
System - A Klein 2000 sidescan system was used for  geophysical surveying. The
unit features 8 channels of processed data,  7 subsurface from the towfish (5
sonar and 2 instrumentation) and 1 surface  (external analog input). Two sonar
channels each were devoted to 100 KHz and  500 KHz sidescan data and a fifth
sonar channel was used for 4 KHz subbottom  profiling. The resolution of the
profiler data is approximately 0.15 m of  sub-bottom thickness (penetration of
tens of meters is typical in unconsolidated  sediment).  A Triton Elics Isis
brand side-scan data recording system was used on the cruise. The Isis system
simultaneously records 5 channels of data; port and starboard 100 KHz side-scan
data, port and starboard 500 KHz side-scan data, and profiler data. Side-scan
data shown in this report are 100 KHz data. Typically, 2048 samples were
recorded per channel over a swath width of 400 m yielding a pixel size of 0.1 m
of seafloor area for the side-scan data.
Notes
Associated cruises in southern California:

  B-1-98-SC   B-1-99-SC   B-2-99-SC   M-1-99-SC   M-1-00-SC   J-1-02-SC   M-1-02-SC   M-1-03-SC   S-5-04-SC
June 26, 1998 TIDBIT FROM THE CHANNEL ISLANDS This from Guy Cochrane, via phone mail from the R/V Ballena: "Shot 40 sq km of side-scan with the Klein system off the north side of Anacapa Island, working with Channel Islands Marine Sanctuary people and the National Marine Fisheries Service. We've also done a day and a half of bottom video using Hank's camera sled, so we have about two hours of video tape. We've had really great weather. Conditions have been perfect for both side-scan and bottom video. Mike Boyle and I are doing okay." July 10, 1998 CHANNEL ISLANDS BENTHIC HABITATS CRUISE Mike Boyle and I finished the two-week Channel Islands/Santa Barbara benthic habitats cruise on Saturday, June 27, and off-loaded on Sunday, June 28. We sidescanned a 40-sq-km area of Anacapa Island and a 60-sq-km area on the coast south of Ventura. Both areas contain state fish reserve areas and are in the Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary, or the National Park. We also have about 8 hours of bottom video from both areas, thanks to very cooperative weather. We did have some trouble with Differential GPS reception and will try to improve our system prior to returning to the area. Guy Cochrane
Publications
Cochrane, G.R., and Lafferty, K.D., 2000, Activities and Preliminary Results of 
Nearshore Benthic
Habitat Mapping in Southern California, 1998, U.S. Geological Survey Open File 
Report 2000-321:
http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/usgspubs/ofr/ofr00321

Cochrane, G.R., Nasby, N.M., Reid, J.A., Waltenberger, B., and Lee, K.M., 2003, Nearshore Benthic Habitat GIS for the Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary and Southern California State Fisheries Reserves Volume 1, U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 2003-85:
http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/usgspubs/ofr/ofr0385
Got Help? For B-1-98-SC, we would appreciate any information on -- contract, days at sea, dive count, funding, information specialist, kms of navigation, NGDC Info, owner, ports, project number, scanned materials, seismic description, station count, station description, submersible, tabulated info.
Type Webpage KMZ Arc         Metadata        
Imagery data      
Metadata data     txt  data  FAQ  xml
Navigation data nav    
Times   066.times    

B-1-98-SC location map of where navigation 

equipment operated
B-1-98-SC location map of where navigation 

equipment operated

 
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