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Identification_Information:

  Citation:
    Citation_Information:
      Originator: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) , Coastal and Marine Geology Program (CMGP) 
      Publication_Date: 20131029
      Title:
        Geological and Geophysical data of field activity E-2-94-NC
        in Northern California from 10/29/1994 to 11/04/1994
      Publication_Information:
        Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) , Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) 
        Publication_Place: Menlo Park, CA
      Online_Linkage: http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/gos/e-2-94-nc.fmeta.xml
      Online_Linkage: http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/e/e294nc/html/e-2-94-nc.meta.html

  Description:
    Abstract:
      United States Geological Survey, Menlo Park, California.
      Chief Scientists: Herman Karl, John Chin. Geological and
      Geophysical data (transitsatellite, 3dot5khz, sidescansonar,
      slowcore) of field activity E-2-94-NC in Northern California
      from 10/29/1994 to 11/04/1994,
      http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/e/e294nc/html/e-2-94-nc.meta.html.

    Purpose:
      These data and information are intended for science
      researchers, students from elementary through
      college, policy makers, and general public.

    Supplemental_Information:

      Equipment Used -

      transitsatellite

      3dot5khz                      3.5 khz bathymetry

      sidescansonar

      slowcore

      Notes -

      After starting out in 20 foot seas with 30 knots of wind,

      Herman/Chin and Co. have settled into a coring routine. As of yesterday

      afternoon the winds were still around 25 to 30 knots but the seas were down

      to 5-6 feet. They have not done any sidescan or camera work as of yet. I

      receive updates twice a day, once around 9 am and then again around 4 pm.



      Update as of 11/02/94 0800 hrs: wind 30 kts gusts to 40, seas 10-14

      feet, unable to conduct testing, except for profiling, due to adverse weather

      conditions. Waiting for break in weather pattern. Should break no later than

      tomorrow.



      11/02/94 1615 hours, 37 degrees 25.6 min north 123 degrees 14.7 min

      west wind 35-40 knots from the nw seas 20 plus feet skys are clear and

      visibility good.  Continuing with profiling. Weather continues to be a problem

      for testing. Still waiting for a break in weather pattern.



      11/04/94 0800 hours Just passed under Golden Gate bridge. Testing

      has been completed. ETA Redwood City 1030-1100 hours this morning.



      All of you have been following the cruise of the Pacific Escort

      through Steve Wallace's e-mail accounts -- well we made it back safe and

      sound! The purpose of the cruise was to characterize a reference site as part

      of the EPA deep-ocean dumpsite project. Yes we exerienced 40 knot winds and 20

      foot seas. Thank goodness the cruise was only scheduled for 6 days and not a

      month! You know, for the past several years I have sat in duck blinds during

      this time of the year and experienced nothing but blue skies. The first season

      I'm not duck hunting and what happens! I think that Kaye Kinoshita was the only

      non-green person on board as she calmly navigated us through the worst of it

      (personally I was wishing that a rogue wave would put me out of my misery that

      first day out). We did manage, however, to get a fair share of our very

      ambitious workload done. We collected 7 excellent cores using Mike Bothnar's

      Slow Corer. This is a hydraulically dampened corer that preserves the

      water-sediment interface. This is the first time the apparatus has been used

      in the deep ocean (in the past Mike only used in Boston Harbor/Mass Bay). Mike

      learned alot about improving the core for such open ocean work. (Mike actually

      told me that he's glad that he came on the cruise and enjoyed working with all

      of us! I guess it must be worse working in the Altantic in February!). Anyhow,

      the Slow Corer worked beautifully. We occupied several other sampling sites

      and had no recovery. This didn't surprise us as sediment cover was very thin

      to unresolvable on the acoustic records. We covered the study area and got

      good representative samples -- this was the priority task of the cruise for

      EPA. We also collected some sidescan data with the EG&G system. We had planned

      a mosaic but weather didn't leave us the time. We did run representative lines

      across the study area. The new cage that we had built for the EG&G fish worked

      very well. Unfortunately, the SeaMac winch couldn't handle the cage in the

      heavy sea states and we had to use the "naked" fish with a resultant decrease

      in the data quality. We have plenty of high-resolution subbottom data using

      the ODEC system and will be able to acoustically characterize the study site

      very well. We weren't able to deploy the camera sled (as we concentrated our

      time on sampling and sidescan in the weather windows available to us) although

      Hank was ready when needed (we do have a camera transect through the area from

      a previous cruise). Ironically, the camera sled was first on the agenda and

      ready to go when we reached the study area, but weather didn't permit us to

      launch it. All-in-all, we came away with a good data set for our EPA

      client/partner.



      The GIS whiz-kids -- Norm Maher and Mike Hamer -- produced a set of

      labor-intensive maps at sea that are ready to go in the report. We also used

      the new digital camera to good effect.



      My thanks to our scientific and support crew. Everyone worked hard (at times

      above and beyond the call of duty) through a very difficult cruise. Spirits

      remained high throughout the cruise and everyone pulled together to make the

      cruise a success.  The freezer full of Hagen Daas ice cream didn't seem to

      hurt team morale one bit either!



      This was the first real scientific cruise for the Pacific Escort (sister ship

      of the Lee). The captain and ship's crew were extremely cooperative and wanted

      very much to make it a successful cruise. Everything was done with a smile.



      MarFac did yeoman work in mobilizing and demobing for this cruise. My thanks to

      everyone involved!



      This hard work by everyone has resulted in building a high degree of trust with

      the other agencies.

      Publications -

      E294NC   Cruise Report exists at Woods Hole


      Similar information is available for thousands
      of other USGS/CMG-related Activities.

      If known, available are Activity-specific
      navigation, gravity, magnetics, bathymetry,
      seismic, and sampling data; track maps; and
      equipment information; as well as summary
      overviews, crew lists, and information
      about analog materials.

      If available, access to physical samples is
      described in the "WR CMG Sample Distribution
      Policy" at:
      http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/main/sample-dist-policy.html

      Primary access to the USGS/CMG Information
      Bank's digital data, analog data, and
      metadata is provided through...
      http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/

      This page accomodates a variety of search
      approaches (e.g., by platform, by region,
      by scientist, by equipment type, etc.).

  Time_Period_of_Content:
    Time_Period_Information:
      Range_of_Dates/Times:
        Beginning_Date: 19941029
        Ending_Date: 19941104

    Currentness_Reference: ground condition

  Status:
    Progress: Complete
    Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed

  Spatial_Domain:
    Bounding_Coordinates:
      West_Bounding_Coordinate: -123.31016
      East_Bounding_Coordinate: -122.19289
      North_Bounding_Coordinate: 37.82422
      South_Bounding_Coordinate: 37.05365

  Keywords:
    Theme:
      Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
      Theme_Keyword: geoscientificinformation
      Theme_Keyword: oceans
    Theme:
      Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: Global Change Master Directory (GCMD)
      Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS
    Theme:
      Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS CMG InfoBank
      Theme_Keyword: Marine Geology
      Theme_Keyword: Bathymetry
      Theme_Keyword: Water Depth
      Theme_Keyword: Seafloor Topography

    Place:
      Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS CMG InfoBank
      Place_Keyword: "San Francisco Bay, CA"
      Place_Keyword: CA
      Place_Keyword: North Pacific Ocean
      Place_Keyword: Northern California
      Place_Keyword: Northern Pacific Ocean
      Place_Keyword: San Francisco Bay, CA
      Place_Keyword: USA


  Access_Constraints:
    Physical materials are under controlled on-site access.

    If available, access to physical samples is described
    in the "WR CMG Sample Distribution Policy" at:
    http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/main/sample-dist-policy.html

  Use_Constraints:
    Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as
    the source of this information.

    Physical materials are under controlled on-site access.

    Some USGS information accessed through this means
    may be preliminary in nature and presented without
    the approval of the Director of the USGS.  This
    information is provided with the understanding
    that it is not guaranteed to be correct or complete
    and conclusions drawn from such information are
    the responsibility of the user.

    This information is not intended for navigational
    purposes.

    Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for
    descriptive purposes only and does not imply
    endorsement by the U.S. Government.

  Point_of_Contact:
    Contact_Information:
      Contact_Organization_Primary:
        Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) , Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) 
        Contact_Person: Clint Steele 

      Contact_Position: InfoBank Group Leader 

      Contact_Address:
        Address_Type: mailing and physical address
        Address: USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
        City: Menlo Park
        State_or_Province: CA
        Postal_Code: 94025-3561
        Country: USA

      Contact_Voice_Telephone: (650) 329-5055
      Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (650) 329-5190

      Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov 


  Data_Set_Credit:
    Mike Hunsinger (Ship Captain, JMARR);
    Dick Lindsey (Chief Mate, JMARR);
    Howard Griffin (Chief Engineer, JMARR);
    Herman Karl (Chief Scientist, USGS Western Region);
    John Chin (Chief Scientist, USGS Western Region);
    Mike Bothner (Unspecified Investigator, USGS Eastern Region);
    Norman Maher (Watchstander, USGS Western Region);
    Thomas May (Watchstander, USGS Western Region);
    Michael Hamer (Navigator, USGS Western Region);
    Kaye Kinoshita (Navigator, USGS Western Region);
    Dave Hogg (Electronics Technician, USGS Western Region);
    Jim Vaughn (Electronics Technician, USGS Western Region);
    Ransom Rideout (Mechanical Technician, USGS Western Region);
    Hal Williams (Mechanical Technician, USGS Western Region);
    Joseph Coddington (Watchstander, USGS Western Region);
    Greg Gabel (Watchstander, USGS Western Region);
    Tom Chase (Watchstander, USGS Western Region);
    Ray Sliter (Watchstander, USGS Western Region);
    John Gann (Computer Analyst, USGS Western Region);
    Steve Dzurenko (Unspecified Investigator, URI);
    Hank Chezar (Photographer, USGS Western Region)

  Native_Data_Set_Environment: Digital, ASCII
  Cross_Reference:
    Citation_Information:
      Originator: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) , Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) 
      Publication_Date: Unknown
      Title: USGS/CMG Information Bank 
      Publication_Information:
        Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)  Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) 
        Publication_Place: Menlo Park, CA
      Online_Linkage: http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/
      Other_Citation_Details: E294NC   Cruise Report exists at Woods Hole



Data_Quality_Information:

  Attribute_Accuracy:
    Attribute_Accuracy_Report: Identified as best available version.

  Logical_Consistency_Report: Unspecified

  Completeness_Report:
    Start and end date/times of data
    >Navigation Data (e-2-94-nc.060 [GPS])
    >YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    >199410291849480    199410291906020
    >199410291913240    199410292006220
    >199410292017280    199410300225080
    >199410300243200    199410300243260
    >199410300253020    199410300312320
    >199410300323260    199410300329060
    >199410300336060    199410300342440
    >199410300402240    199410301722560
    >199410301728100    199410302248040
    >199410302255160    199410302302220
    >199410302319440    199411030248180
    >199411030255420    199411040640360
    >YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    >Bathymetry Data (e-2-94-nc.380_060)
    >YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    >199410302250000    199410302250000
    >199411021602000    199411021602000
    >199411021618000    199411021618000
    >YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST

  Positional_Accuracy:
    Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
      Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report: Unspecified

    Vertical_Positional_Accuracy:
      Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Report: Unspecified

  Lineage:

    Process_Step:
      Process_Description:
        Navigation Data
        >Converted to time format with year at start.
        >
      Process_Date: 19951205

      Process_Contact:
        Contact_Information:
          Contact_Organization_Primary:
            Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) , Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) 
            Contact_Person: Clint Steele 

          Contact_Position: InfoBank Group Leader 

          Contact_Address:
            Address_Type: mailing and physical address
            Address: USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
            City: Menlo Park
            State_or_Province: CA
            Postal_Code: 94025-3561
            Country: USA

          Contact_Voice_Telephone: (650) 329-5055
          Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (650) 329-5190

          Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov 

    Process_Step:
      Process_Description:
        Bathymetry Data
        >10/31/1998  /lion/e/e294nc/bath/e-2-94-nc.380_060
        >/bear/programs/edit/automerge/automerge
        >
        >Input was...
        >Converted to time format with year at start.
        >
        >time, lat, long, time(sec) to nearest nav fix, data values
      Process_Date: 19981031

      Process_Contact:
        Contact_Information:
          Contact_Organization_Primary:
            Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) , Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) 
            Contact_Person: Clint Steele 

          Contact_Position: InfoBank Group Leader 

          Contact_Address:
            Address_Type: mailing and physical address
            Address: USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
            City: Menlo Park
            State_or_Province: CA
            Postal_Code: 94025-3561
            Country: USA

          Contact_Voice_Telephone: (650) 329-5055
          Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (650) 329-5190

          Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov 


Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:

  Indirect_Spatial_Reference: Northern California
  Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Point

  Point_and_Vector_Object_Information:
    SDTS_Terms_Description:
      SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type: Point


Spatial_Reference_Information:

  Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
    Geographic:
      Latitude_Resolution: 0.00001
      Longitude_Resolution: 0.00001
      Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal degrees

    Geodetic_Model:
      Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
      Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 80
      Semi-major_Axis: 6378137
      Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257

  Vertical_Coordinate_System_Definition:
    Depth_System_Definition:
      Depth_Datum_Name: Local surface
      Depth_Resolution: 0.1
      Depth_Distance_Units: meters
      Depth_Encoding_Method: Attribute values


Entity_and_Attribute_Information:

  Overview_Description:
    Entity_and_Attribute_Overview: Bathymetry with Time Stamp 

  Overview_Description:
    Entity_and_Attribute_Overview: Navigation with Time Stamp 


Distribution_Information:

  Distributor:
    Contact_Information:
      Contact_Organization_Primary:
        Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) , Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) 
        Contact_Person: Clint Steele 

      Contact_Position: InfoBank Group Leader 

      Contact_Address:
        Address_Type: mailing and physical address
        Address: USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
        City: Menlo Park
        State_or_Province: CA
        Postal_Code: 94025-3561
        Country: USA

      Contact_Voice_Telephone: (650) 329-5055
      Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (650) 329-5190

      Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov 

  Resource_Description: Downloadable Data E-2-94-NC data set 

  Distribution_Liability:
    Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as
    the source of this information.

    Physical materials are under controlled on-site access.

    Some USGS information accessed through this means
    may be preliminary in nature and presented without
    the approval of the Director of the USGS.  This
    information is provided with the understanding
    that it is not guaranteed to be correct or complete
    and conclusions drawn from such information are
    the responsibility of the user.

    This information is not intended for navigational
    purposes.

    Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for
    descriptive purposes only and does not imply
    endorsement by the U.S. Government.

  Standard_Order_Process:
    Digital_Form:
      Digital_Transfer_Information:
        Format_Name: ASCII
        File_Decompression_Technique: No compression applied
        Transfer_Size: 2.9

      Digital_Transfer_Option:
        Online_Option:
          Computer_Contact_Information:
            Network_Address:
              Network_Resource_Name: http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/e/e294nc/html/e-2-94-nc.nav.html

    Digital_Form:
      Digital_Transfer_Information:
        Format_Name: ASCII
        File_Decompression_Technique: No compression applied
        Transfer_Size: 0.1

      Digital_Transfer_Option:
        Online_Option:
          Computer_Contact_Information:
            Network_Address:
              Network_Resource_Name: http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/e/e294nc/html/e-2-94-nc.bath.html

    Fees: None


Metadata_Reference_Information:

  Metadata_Date: 20131029

  Metadata_Contact:
    Contact_Information:
      Contact_Organization_Primary:
        Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) , Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) 
        Contact_Person: Clint Steele 

      Contact_Position: InfoBank Group Leader 

      Contact_Address:
        Address_Type: mailing and physical address
        Address: USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
        City: Menlo Park
        State_or_Province: CA
        Postal_Code: 94025-3561
        Country: USA

      Contact_Voice_Telephone: (650) 329-5055
      Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (650) 329-5190

      Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov 

  Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata 

  Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998 

  Metadata_Time_Convention: universal time
  Metadata_Access_Constraints: none
  Metadata_Use_Constraints: none



      
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Page Last Modified: Tue Oct 29 08:28:45 PDT 2013  (chd)