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What does this data set describe?

Title:
Geological and Geophysical data of field activity L-6-85-NC in Northern California from 09/03/1985 to 09/20/1985
Abstract:
Chief Scientists: Jan Morton, Mark Holmes. Geological and Geophysical data (bottomtransponder, 3dot5khz, 12khz, uniboom, airgun, airgunmonitor, magnetics, heatflow, gravitycore, boxcore, chaindredge, sonobuoy, bottomseismometer, underwatercamera, underwatertelevision, integratednavigation, RhoRho, transitsatellite) of field activity L-6-85-NC in Northern California from 09/03/1985 to 09/20/1985, <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/l/l685nc/html/l-6-85-nc.meta.html>.
Supplemental_Information:

Equipment Used -
bottomtransponder Northstar 7000 Sonotech
3dot5khz 3.5 khz bathymetry
12khz 12 khz bathymetry
uniboom
airgun single-channel airgun
airgunmonitor single-channel airgun monitor
magnetics magnetometer
heatflow
gravitycore
boxcore
chaindredge
sonobuoy
bottomseismometer
underwatercamera
underwatertelevision
integratednavigation
RhoRho
transitsatellite
Publications -
Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., and Reiss, Carol A., eds., 1994, Geologic,
hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern
California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, 359 p.<BR>
<HR>
Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., and Reiss, Carol A., 1994, Geologic,
hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough; an introduction, in Morton,
Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., and Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal,
and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California:
U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, p. 1-18.<BR>
<HR>
Morton, Janet L., and Fox, Christopher G., 1994, Structural setting and interaction
of volcanism and sedimentation at Escanaba Trough; geophysical results, in Morton, Janet
L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic
studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological
Survey Bulletin 2022, p. 21-43.<BR>
<HR>
Davis, Earl E., and Becker, Keir, 1994, Thermal and tectonic structure of Escanaba
Trough; new heat-flow measurements and seismic-reflection profiles, in Morton, Janet
L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic
studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological
Survey Bulletin 2022, p. 45-64. <BR>
<HR>
Denlinger, Roger P., and Holmes, Mark L., 1994, A thermal and mechanical model for
sediment hills and associated sulfide deposits along Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet
L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic
studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological
Survey Bulletin 2022, p. 65-75. <BR>
<HR>
Karlin, Robert E., and Morton, Janet L., 1994, Crustal magnetization and basement
structure of Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol
A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge,
offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, p. 77-90.<BR>
<HR>
Normark, William R., Gutmacher, Christina E., Zierenberg, Robert A., Wong, Florence L.,
and Rosenbauer, Robert J., 1994, Sediment fill of Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet
L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic
studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological
Survey Bulletin 2022, p. 91-129.<BR>
<HR>
Karlin, Robert E., and Zierenberg, Robert A., 1994, Sedimentation and neotectonism
in the SESCA area, Escanaba Trough, southern Gorda Ridge, in Morton, Janet
L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic
studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological
Survey Bulletin 2022, p. 131-141.<BR>
<HR>
Ross, Stephanie L., and Zierenberg, Robert A., 1994, Volcanic geomorphology of the SESCA
and NESCA sites, Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet
L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic
studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological
Survey Bulletin 2022, p. 143-151.<BR>
<HR>
Davis, Alice S., Clague, David A., and Friesen, Walter B., 1994, Petrology and mineral
chemistry of basalt from Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet
L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic
studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological
Survey Bulletin 2022, p. 153-170.<BR>
<HR>
Zierenberg, Robert A., Morton, Janet L., Koski, Randolph A., and Ross, Stephanie L., 1994,
Geologic setting of massive sulfide mineralization in Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet
L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic
studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological
Survey Bulletin 2022, p. 171-197.<BR>
<HR>
Campbell, Andrew C., German, Chris R., Palmer, Martin R., Gamo, Toshitaka, and Edmond,
John M., 1994, Chemistry of hydrothermal fluids from Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, in
Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal,
and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California:
U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, p. 201-221.<BR>
<HR>
Bohlke, J.K., and Shanks, W.C., III, 1994, Stable isotope study of hydrothermal vents
at Escanaba Trough; observed and calculated effects of sediment-seawater interaction,
in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal,
and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California:
U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, p. 223-239.<BR>
<HR>
Magenheim, Andrew J., and Gieskes, Joris M., 1994, Evidence for hydrothermal fluid flow
through surficial sediments, Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A.,
Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough,
Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022,
p. 241-255.<BR>
<HR>
Zierenberg, Robert A., and Shanks, Wayne C., III, 1994, Sediment alteration associated
with massive sulfide formation in Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge; the importance of seawater
mixing and magnesium metasomatism, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss,
Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough,
Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022,
p. 257-277.<BR>
<HR>
Kvenvolden, Keith A., Rapp, John B., and Hostettler, Frances D., 1994, Hydrocarbons in
sediment from Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss,
Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough,
Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022,
p. 279-292.<BR>
<HR>
Koski, Randolph A., Benninger, Laura M., Zierenberg, Robert A., and Jonasson, Ian R.,
1994, Composition and growth history of hydrothermal deposits in Escanaba Trough,
southern Gorda Ridge, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A.,
eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge,
offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, p. 293-324.<BR>
<HR>
Grassle, J. Frederick, and Petrecca, Rosemarie F., 1994, Soft-sediment hydrothermal
vent communities of Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A.,
Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba
Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin
2022, p. 327-335.<BR>
<HR>
Quinterno, Paula J., 1994, Quaternary foraminifers from Escanaba Trough, Northeast
Pacific Ocean, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds.,
Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore
Northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, p. 337-359.<BR>
<HR>
Chezar, Henry, and Newman, Ivy, 2004, DVD-Video Disc set of seafloor transects
during USGS research cruises in the Pacific Ocean, U.S. Geological Survey
Open-File Report OFR 2004-1125-A <BR>
<HR>
Chezar, Henry, and Newman, Ivy, 2004, DVD-Video Disc set of seafloor transects
during USGS research cruises in the Pacific Ocean, U.S. Geological Survey
Open-File Report OFR 2004-1125-B <BR>
<HR>
Chezar, Henry, and Newman, Ivy, 2004, DVD-Video Disc set of seafloor transects
during USGS research cruises in the Pacific Ocean, U.S. Geological Survey
Open-File Report OFR 2004-1125-C <BR>
<HR>
Chezar, Henry, and Newman, Ivy, 2004, DVD-Video Disc set of seafloor transects
during USGS research cruises in the Pacific Ocean, U.S. Geological Survey
Open-File Report OFR 2004-1125-D <BR>
<HR>
Chezar, Henry, and Newman, Ivy, 2004, DVD-Video Disc set of seafloor transects
during USGS research cruises in the Pacific Ocean, U.S. Geological Survey
Open-File Report OFR 2004-1125-E <BR>

Similar information is available for thousands of other USGS/CMG-related Activities.
If known, available are Activity-specific navigation, gravity, magnetics, bathymetry, seismic, and sampling data; track maps; and equipment information; as well as summary overviews, crew lists, and information about analog materials.
If available, access to physical samples is described in the "WR CMG Sample Distribution Policy" at: <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/main/sample-dist-policy.html>
Primary access to the USGS/CMG Information Bank's digital data, analog data, and metadata is provided through... <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/>
This page accomodates a variety of search approaches (e.g., by platform, by region, by scientist, by equipment type, etc.).
  1. How should this data set be cited?

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov/>, Coastal and Marine Geology Program (CMGP) <http://marine.usgs.gov/>, 20131029, Geological and Geophysical data of field activity L-6-85-NC in Northern California from 09/03/1985 to 09/20/1985: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>, Menlo Park, CA.

    Online Links:

  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?

    West_Bounding_Coordinate: -128.13434
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: -124.04391
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 44.62615
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 40.52400

  3. What does it look like?

  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?

    Beginning_Date: 03-Sep-1985
    Ending_Date: 20-Sep-1985
    Currentness_Reference: ground condition

  5. What is the general form of this data set?

  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?

    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?

      Indirect_Spatial_Reference: Northern California
      This is a Point data set. It contains the following vector data types (SDTS terminology):
      • Point

    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?

      Horizontal positions are specified in geographic coordinates, that is, latitude and longitude. Latitudes are given to the nearest 0.00001. Longitudes are given to the nearest 0.00001. Latitude and longitude values are specified in Decimal degrees.

      Vertical_Coordinate_System_Definition:
      Depth_System_Definition:
      Depth_Datum_Name: Local surface
      Depth_Resolution: 0.1
      Depth_Distance_Units: meters
      Depth_Encoding_Method: Attribute values


  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?

    Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
    Bathymetry with Time Stamp <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/definition/bath.html>
    Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
    Magnetics with Time Stamp <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/definition/mag.html>
    Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
    Navigation with Time Stamp <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/definition/nav.html>
    Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
    Seismic Shots with Time Stamp <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/definition/seis.html>


Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)

  2. Who also contributed to the data set?

    Al McClenaghan (Ship Captain); Bill Lafleur (Chief Engineer); Bob Hall (Geologist); Chris Poppe (Chief Mate); Dale Bibee (Geologist, OSU); Dallas Abbott (Geologist, OSU); Dean Goodman (Unspecified Investigator, Osu); Doug Wilson (Geologist); Jan Morton (Chief Scientist); Joe Edwards (Mechanical Technician); Kaye Kinoshita (Navigator); Kevin O'Toole (Mechanical Technician); Lynn Johnson (Navigator); Marijke Vanhesswijk (Watchstander, OSU); Mark Holmes (Chief Scientist); Mike Torresan (Geologist); Mitch Lyle (Geologist, OSU); Rick Viall (Electronics Technician); Robert Karlin (Geologist, UW); Roy Fields (Electronics Technician); Stephanie Ross (Navigator); Tom Fairbanks (Unspecified Investigator, OSU)

  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
    Attn: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
    Menlo Park, CA 94025-3561
    USA

    (650) 329-5055 (voice)
    (650) 329-5190 (FAX)
    infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>


Why was the data set created?

These data and information are intended for science researchers, students from elementary through college, policy makers, and general public.


How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?

  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?

    Date: 19-Jan-1996 (process 1 of 3)
    Navigation Data
    Converted to time format with year at start.
    
    06/10/86 CLINT DRS$DATA:[L685NC]L685NC.059;
    DRB0:[DRS.RANGE]MINRMERGE.EXE;
    
    

    Person who carried out this activity:

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
    Attn: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
    Menlo Park, CA 94025-3561
    USA

    (650) 329-5055 (voice)
    (650) 329-5190 (FAX)
    infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>

    Date: 18-Jul-2012 (process 2 of 3)
    Magnetics Data
    07/18/2012 carolyn l-6-85-nc.220_059
    
    Reprocessed using subroutines from Susan Macmillan's
    IGRF SYNTHESIS PROGRAM <http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/IAGA/vmod/igrf11.f>
    with IGRF-11 coeffiecients integrated into the source code.
    /infobank/programs/mag/magred11/magred11.for
    Using geodetic coordinate system (Earth shape approximated by spheriod)
    with altitude 0.0 km (for sea level).
    
    Input was...
    10/31/1998  /tiger/l/l685nc/mag/l-6-85-nc.200_059
    /bear/programs/edit/automerge/automerge
    
    Converted to time format with year at start.
    
    12/17/85 CAROLYN DRS$DATA:[L685NC.M]L685NC.200;
    DRB0:[DRS.REFMT]REFORMAT.EXE;5
    
    10/23/85 EDM DRS$DATA:[L685NC.M]L65M01.200;
    DRS$DATA:[L685NC.M]TEMP.EXE;
    Program TEMP subtracted 40 minutes from erroneous blocks of time
    
    10/23/85 EDM DRS$DATA:[L685NC.M]L65M01.200;
    DRB0:[DRS.MAG]REFMTMAG.EXE;
    
    Converted to time format with year at start.
    
    06/10/86 CLINT DRS$DATA:[L685NC]L685NC.059;
    DRB0:[DRS.RANGE]MINRMERGE.EXE;
    
    time, lat, long, time(sec) to nearest nav fix, data values
    

    Person who carried out this activity:

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
    Attn: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
    Menlo Park, CA 94025-3561
    USA

    (650) 329-5055 (voice)
    (650) 329-5190 (FAX)
    infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>

    Date: 31-Oct-1998 (process 3 of 3)
    Bathymetry Data
    10/31/1998  /tiger/l/l685nc/bath/l-6-85-nc.330_059
    /bear/programs/edit/automerge/automerge
    
    Input was...
    Converted to time format with year at start.
    
    08/18/88 JEAN DUA0:[DRS.CDI.MORTON]L685NC.330;
    DUA0:[DRS.BAT]BATRED.EXE;2
    Edited bathymetry data
    The travel time was computed using 1500 m/sec
    
    05/13/87 BECKIE DUA0:[DATA.L685NC]L685NC.303;
    This file is an edited version of L685NC.302.
    The time gap between 2480227000 and 2480459000
    is due to totally bad data being deleted.
    
    Input was...
    Converted to time format with year at start.
    
    06/10/86 CLINT DRS$DATA:[L685NC]L685NC.059;
    DRB0:[DRS.RANGE]MINRMERGE.EXE;
    
    time, lat, long, time(sec) to nearest nav fix, data values
    

    Person who carried out this activity:

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
    Attn: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
    Menlo Park, CA 94025-3561
    USA

    (650) 329-5055 (voice)
    (650) 329-5190 (FAX)
    infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>

  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>, Unknown, USGS/CMG Information Bank <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/>: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov> Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>, Menlo Park, CA.

    Online Links:

    Other_Citation_Details:
    Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., and Reiss, Carol A., eds., 1994, Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, 359 p. Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., and Reiss, Carol A., 1994, Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough; an introduction, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., and Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, p. 1-18. Morton, Janet L., and Fox, Christopher G., 1994, Structural setting and interaction of volcanism and sedimentation at Escanaba Trough; geophysical results, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, p. 21-43. Davis, Earl E., and Becker, Keir, 1994, Thermal and tectonic structure of Escanaba Trough; new heat-flow measurements and seismic-reflection profiles, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, p. 45-64. Denlinger, Roger P., and Holmes, Mark L., 1994, A thermal and mechanical model for sediment hills and associated sulfide deposits along Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, p. 65-75. Karlin, Robert E., and Morton, Janet L., 1994, Crustal magnetization and basement structure of Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, p. 77-90. Normark, William R., Gutmacher, Christina E., Zierenberg, Robert A., Wong, Florence L., and Rosenbauer, Robert J., 1994, Sediment fill of Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, p. 91-129. Karlin, Robert E., and Zierenberg, Robert A., 1994, Sedimentation and neotectonism in the SESCA area, Escanaba Trough, southern Gorda Ridge, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, p. 131-141. Ross, Stephanie L., and Zierenberg, Robert A., 1994, Volcanic geomorphology of the SESCA and NESCA sites, Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, p. 143-151. Davis, Alice S., Clague, David A., and Friesen, Walter B., 1994, Petrology and mineral chemistry of basalt from Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, p. 153-170. Zierenberg, Robert A., Morton, Janet L., Koski, Randolph A., and Ross, Stephanie L., 1994, Geologic setting of massive sulfide mineralization in Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, p. 171-197. Campbell, Andrew C., German, Chris R., Palmer, Martin R., Gamo, Toshitaka, and Edmond, John M., 1994, Chemistry of hydrothermal fluids from Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, p. 201-221. Bohlke, J.K., and Shanks, W.C., III, 1994, Stable isotope study of hydrothermal vents at Escanaba Trough; observed and calculated effects of sediment-seawater interaction, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, p. 223-239. Magenheim, Andrew J., and Gieskes, Joris M., 1994, Evidence for hydrothermal fluid flow through surficial sediments, Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, p. 241-255. Zierenberg, Robert A., and Shanks, Wayne C., III, 1994, Sediment alteration associated with massive sulfide formation in Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge; the importance of seawater mixing and magnesium metasomatism, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, p. 257-277. Kvenvolden, Keith A., Rapp, John B., and Hostettler, Frances D., 1994, Hydrocarbons in sediment from Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, p. 279-292. Koski, Randolph A., Benninger, Laura M., Zierenberg, Robert A., and Jonasson, Ian R., 1994, Composition and growth history of hydrothermal deposits in Escanaba Trough, southern Gorda Ridge, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, p. 293-324. Grassle, J. Frederick, and Petrecca, Rosemarie F., 1994, Soft-sediment hydrothermal vent communities of Escanaba Trough, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, p. 327-335. Quinterno, Paula J., 1994, Quaternary foraminifers from Escanaba Trough, Northeast Pacific Ocean, in Morton, Janet L., Zierenberg, Robert A., Reiss, Carol A., eds., Geologic, hydrothermal, and biologic studies at Escanaba Trough, Gorda Ridge, offshore Northern California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2022, p. 337-359. Chezar, Henry, and Newman, Ivy, 2004, DVD-Video Disc set of seafloor transects during USGS research cruises in the Pacific Ocean, U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report OFR 2004-1125-A Chezar, Henry, and Newman, Ivy, 2004, DVD-Video Disc set of seafloor transects during USGS research cruises in the Pacific Ocean, U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report OFR 2004-1125-B Chezar, Henry, and Newman, Ivy, 2004, DVD-Video Disc set of seafloor transects during USGS research cruises in the Pacific Ocean, U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report OFR 2004-1125-C Chezar, Henry, and Newman, Ivy, 2004, DVD-Video Disc set of seafloor transects during USGS research cruises in the Pacific Ocean, U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report OFR 2004-1125-D Chezar, Henry, and Newman, Ivy, 2004, DVD-Video Disc set of seafloor transects during USGS research cruises in the Pacific Ocean, U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report OFR 2004-1125-E



How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?

    Identified as best available version.

  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?

    Unspecified

  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?

    Unspecified

  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?

    Start and end date/times of data

    Navigation Data (l-6-85-nc.059 [SINS])
    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    198509031940000    198509060120000
    198509060129008    198509060129008
    198509060242000    198509061834000
    198509061842000    198509061900000
    198509061924000    198509062108000
    198509062116000    198509062148000
    198509062200000    198509062310000
    198509062332000    198509081358000
    198509081408000    198509090212000
    198509090228000    198509090250000
    198509090334000    198509090724000
    198509090730000    198509090730000
    198509090738000    198509100736000
    198509100744000    198509111704000
    198509111710000    198509111712000
    198509111730000    198509111830000
    198509111838000    198509130334000
    198509130346000    198509131000000
    198509131005008    198509131005008
    198509131014000    198509131910000
    198509131930000    198509131930000
    198509132000000    198509132000000
    198509132030000    198509132030000
    198509132100000    198509140746000
    198509140800000    198509140800000
    198509140830000    198509140830000
    198509140900000    198509140900000
    198509140930000    198509140930000
    198509141000000    198509141000000
    198509141028000    198509141030000
    198509141038000    198509142008000
    198509142020000    198509170106000
    198509170116000    198509170211008
    198509170230000    198509200230000
    198509200246000    198509202328000
    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    Magnetics Data (l-6-85-nc.220_059)
    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    198509032203560    198509050020040
    198509060241040    198509062203000
    198509062238360    198509070216280
    198509071245040    198509072200000
    198509072205040    198509080801320
    198509080808000    198509092131480
    198509092137120    198509100400240
    198509131902240    198509140130040
    198509140228240    198509141221560
    198509152104320    198509152316000
    198509160639120    198509161617000
    198509191123320    198509192102040
    198509192140560    198509201644280
    198509201705480    198509202138240
    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    Bathymetry Data (l-6-85-nc.330_059)
    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    198509032128000    198509032156000
    198509032206000    198509040006000
    198509040012000    198509040024000
    198509040030000    198509040200000
    198509040206000    198509040216000
    198509040222000    198509040250000
    198509040258000    198509040258000
    198509040312000    198509040316000
    198509040324000    198509040324000
    198509040330000    198509040344000
    198509040350000    198509040426000
    198509040436000    198509040436000
    198509040446000    198509040446000
    198509040500000    198509040500000
    198509040506000    198509040508000
    198509040540000    198509040540000
    198509040556000    198509040604000
    198509040616000    198509040616000
    198509040624000    198509040630000
    198509040642000    198509040648000
    198509040654000    198509040702000
    198509040708000    198509040817000
    198509040823000    198509041112000
    198509041118000    198509041623000
    198509041642000    198509041806000
    198509041814000    198509041817000
    198509041825000    198509041838000
    198509041848000    198509041932000
    198509041938000    198509042113000
    198509042120000    198509042252000
    198509042258000    198509042320000
    198509042335000    198509050014000
    198509050021000    198509050025000
    198509050035000    198509050052000
    198509050059000    198509050227000
    198509050459000    198509050533000
    198509050539000    198509050539000
    198509050555000    198509050555000
    198509050603000    198509050603000
    198509050619000    198509050647000
    198509050657000    198509050729000
    198509050735000    198509051031000
    198509051057000    198509051721000
    198509051743000    198509051831000
    198509051901000    198509060009000
    198509060021000    198509060025000
    198509060037000    198509060039000
    198509060101000    198509060121000
    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    Seismic Shots Data (l-6-85-nc.400_059)
    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    198509071240000    198509071849150
    198509071855000    198509080340300
    198509080432520    198509081215370
    198509091820000    198509100329225
    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    

  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?

    Unspecified


How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?

Access_Constraints:
Physical materials are under controlled on-site access.
If available, access to physical samples is described in the "WR CMG Sample Distribution Policy" at: <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/main/sample-dist-policy.html>
Use_Constraints:
Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as the source of this information.
Physical materials are under controlled on-site access.
Some USGS information accessed through this means may be preliminary in nature and presented without the approval of the Director of the USGS. This information is provided with the understanding that it is not guaranteed to be correct or complete and conclusions drawn from such information are the responsibility of the user.
This information is not intended for navigational purposes.
Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
    Attn: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
    Menlo Park, CA 94025-3561
    USA

    (650) 329-5055 (voice)
    (650) 329-5190 (FAX)
    infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>

  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set?

    Downloadable Data L-6-85-NC data set <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/l/l685nc/html/l-6-85-nc.meta.html>

  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?

    Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as the source of this information.
    Physical materials are under controlled on-site access.
    Some USGS information accessed through this means may be preliminary in nature and presented without the approval of the Director of the USGS. This information is provided with the understanding that it is not guaranteed to be correct or complete and conclusions drawn from such information are the responsibility of the user.
    This information is not intended for navigational purposes.
    Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

  4. How can I download or order the data?

    • Availability in digital form:

Data format: ASCII Size: 0.4
Network links: <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/l/l685nc/html/l-6-85-nc.nav.html>

Data format: ASCII Size: 9.4
Network links: <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/l/l685nc/html/l-6-85-nc.mag.html>

Data format: ASCII Size: 0.1
Network links: <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/l/l685nc/html/l-6-85-nc.bath.html>

Data format: ASCII Size: 0.6
Network links: <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/l/l685nc/html/l-6-85-nc.seis.html>

  • Cost to order the data: None


  • Who wrote the metadata?

    Dates:
    Last modified: 29-Oct-2013
    Metadata author:
    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
    Attn: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
    Menlo Park, CA 94025-3561
    USA

    (650) 329-5055 (voice)
    (650) 329-5190 (FAX)
    infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>

    Metadata standard:
    FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata <http://www.fgdc.gov/> (FGDC-STD-001-1998 <http://www.its.nbs.gov/nbs/meta/meta.html>)


    Generated by mp version 2.9.13 on Tue Oct 29 12:51:20 2013