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What does this data set describe?

Title:
Geological and Geophysical data of field activity L-9-78-HW in Hawaii from 10/12/1978 to 10/19/1978
Abstract:
Chief Scientists: Bill Normark, Peter Lipman. Geological and Geophysical data (LoranC, miniranger, 3dot5khz, 12khz, gravity, sonobuoy, airgun, chaindredge, underwatercamera, gradiometer, dopplersonar, integratednavigation, transitsatellite, explosives) of field activity L-9-78-HW in Hawaii from 10/12/1978 to 10/19/1978, <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/l/l978hw/html/l-9-78-hw.meta.html>.
Supplemental_Information:

Equipment Used -
LoranC Loran-C hyperbolic mode satellite navigation
miniranger
3dot5khz 3.5 khz bathymetry
12khz 12 khz bathymetry
gravity
sonobuoy
airgun single-channel airgun
chaindredge
underwatercamera
gradiometer
dopplersonar
integratednavigation
transitsatellite
explosives
Publications -
Normark, W.R., Moore, J.G., Lipman, P.W., and Young, J.D., 1979, Trackline chart, bathymetric and
seismic profiles acquired on R/V Lee cruise 9-78-HW, near Hawaii: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File
Report 79-972, 2 p.<BR>
<HR>
Alpha, T.R., Morley, J.M., Gutmacher, C.E., and Austin, W.A., 1982, Oblique map of Loihi
Seamount and Papa'u Landslide, Hawaii: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 82-0463,
1 sheet.<BR>
<HR>
Chase, T.E., Miller, C.P., Seekins, B.A., Normark, William R., Gutmacher, C.E., Wilde, P.,
and Young, J.D., 1981, Topography of the southern Hawaiian Islands: U.S. Geological Survey
Open-File Report 81-0120, 3 sheets.<BR>
<HR>
Normark, William R., Clague, David A., and Moore, James G., 1982, The next island: Natural
History, v. 91, no. 12, p. 68-71. <BR>
<HR>
Lipman, Peter W., Normark, William R., Moore, James G., Wilson, John B., and Gutmacher,
Christina E., 1988, The giant submarine Alika debris slide, Mauna Loa, Hawaii, in Tilling,
Robert I., ed., Special section on How volcanoes work; Part 2: Journal of Geophysical
Research, B, Solid Earth and Planets, v. 93, no. 5, p. 4279-4299.<BR>
<HR>
Moore, James G., Bryan, Wilfred B., Beeson, Melvin H., and Normark, William R., 1995,
Giant blocks in the South Kona Landslide, Hawaii: Boulder, CO, Geology, v. 23, no. 2,
p. 125-128.<BR>

Similar information is available for thousands of other USGS/CMG-related Activities.
If known, available are Activity-specific navigation, gravity, magnetics, bathymetry, seismic, and sampling data; track maps; and equipment information; as well as summary overviews, crew lists, and information about analog materials.
If available, access to physical samples is described in the "WR CMG Sample Distribution Policy" at: <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/main/sample-dist-policy.html>
Primary access to the USGS/CMG Information Bank's digital data, analog data, and metadata is provided through... <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/>
This page accomodates a variety of search approaches (e.g., by platform, by region, by scientist, by equipment type, etc.).
  1. How should this data set be cited?

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov/>, Coastal and Marine Geology Program (CMGP) <http://marine.usgs.gov/>, 20131029, Geological and Geophysical data of field activity L-9-78-HW in Hawaii from 10/12/1978 to 10/19/1978: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>, Menlo Park, CA.

    Online Links:

  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?

    West_Bounding_Coordinate: -157.88020
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: -154.75000
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 21.30730
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 18.64070

  3. What does it look like?

  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?

    Beginning_Date: 12-Oct-1978
    Ending_Date: 19-Oct-1978
    Currentness_Reference: ground condition

  5. What is the general form of this data set?

  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?

    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?

      Indirect_Spatial_Reference: Hawaii
      This is a Point data set. It contains the following vector data types (SDTS terminology):
      • Point

    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?

      Horizontal positions are specified in geographic coordinates, that is, latitude and longitude. Latitudes are given to the nearest 0.00001. Longitudes are given to the nearest 0.00001. Latitude and longitude values are specified in Decimal degrees.

      The horizontal datum used is North American Datum of 1927.
      The ellipsoid used is Clarke 1866.
      The semi-major axis of the ellipsoid used is 6378206.4.
      The flattening of the ellipsoid used is 1/294.98.

      Vertical_Coordinate_System_Definition:
      Depth_System_Definition:
      Depth_Datum_Name: Local surface
      Depth_Resolution: 0.1
      Depth_Distance_Units: meters
      Depth_Encoding_Method: Attribute values


  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?

    Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
    Bathymetry with Time Stamp <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/definition/bath.html>
    Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
    Gravity with Time Stamp <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/definition/grav.html>
    Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
    Magnetics with Time Stamp <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/definition/mag.html>
    Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
    Navigation with Time Stamp <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/definition/nav.html>


Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)

  2. Who also contributed to the data set?

    Bill Normark (Chief Scientist); Bob Briggs (Chief Engineer); Carrie Carpenter (Navigator); Chris Gutmacher (Dafe Curator); Dave Hill (Geophysicist); Ernie Coleman (Ship Captain); Gene Taylor (Unspecified Investigator); Gordon Hess (Geophysicist); Gordon Tanner (Electronics Technician); Grant Lichtman (Navigator); Jack Lee (Electronics Technician); Jack Lockwood (Geophysicist); Jay Zucca (Geophysicist); Jeff Rupert (Mechanical Technician); Jim Mackrow (Chief Mate); Jim Moore (Geologist); Jon Erickson (Mechanical Technician); Paula Mackrow (Navigator); Peter Lipman (Chief Scientist); Terry Ruff (Ship Captain)

  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
    Attn: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
    Menlo Park, CA 94025-3561
    USA

    (650) 329-5055 (voice)
    (650) 329-5190 (FAX)
    infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>


Why was the data set created?

These data and information are intended for science researchers, students from elementary through college, policy makers, and general public.


How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?

  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?

    Date: 22-Jan-1996 (process 1 of 4)
    Navigation Data
    Converted to time format with year at start.
    
    01/15/86 KAYE DUA0:[DATA.L978HW.N]L978HW.050;
    DRB0:[DRS.REFMT]REFORMAT.EXE;5
    Edited DR's, sats and radar fixes.
    
    

    Person who carried out this activity:

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
    Attn: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
    Menlo Park, CA 94025-3561
    USA

    (650) 329-5055 (voice)
    (650) 329-5190 (FAX)
    infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>

    Date: 31-Oct-1998 (process 2 of 4)
    Gravity Data
    10/31/1998  /tiger/l/l978hw/grav/l-9-78-hw.111_050
    /bear/programs/edit/automerge/automerge
    
    Input was...
    Converted to time format with year at start.
    
    12/12/85 BARB DUA0:[DATA.L978HW.G]L978HW.111;
    DRB0:[DRS.REFMT]REFORMAT.EXE;5
    
    Input was...
    Converted to time format with year at start.
    
    01/15/86 KAYE DUA0:[DATA.L978HW.N]L978HW.050;
    DRB0:[DRS.REFMT]REFORMAT.EXE;5
    Edited DR's, sats and radar fixes.
    
    time, lat, long, time(sec) to nearest nav fix, data values
    

    Person who carried out this activity:

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
    Attn: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
    Menlo Park, CA 94025-3561
    USA

    (650) 329-5055 (voice)
    (650) 329-5190 (FAX)
    infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>

    Date: 21-Jun-2012 (process 3 of 4)
    Magnetics Data
    06/21/2012 carolyn l-9-78-hw.260_050
    
    Reprocessed using subroutines from Susan Macmillan's
    IGRF SYNTHESIS PROGRAM <http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/IAGA/vmod/igrf11.f>
    with IGRF-11 coeffiecients integrated into the source code.
    /infobank/programs/mag/magred11/magred11.for
    Using geodetic coordinate system (Earth shape approximated by spheriod)
    with altitude 0.0 km (for sea level).
    
    Input was...
    10/31/1998  /tiger/l/l978hw/mag/l-9-78-hw.240_050
    /bear/programs/edit/automerge/automerge
    
    Converted to time format with year at start.
    
    01/22/86 CAROLYN DRS$DATA:[L978HW.M]L978HW.240;
    DRB0:[DRS.REFMT]REFORMAT.EXE;5
    285/1401-287/1130 was L978HW.MAGSC1 from Clint
    287/1130-289/1823 was L978HW._.MAGAC2 on TAM186
                          L978HW220.DAT   on VAM186
    289/1833-291/2245 was L978HW._.MAGSC3 on TAM187
                          L978HW220.DAT   on VAM187
    
    Converted to time format with year at start.
    
    01/15/86 KAYE DUA0:[DATA.L978HW.N]L978HW.050;
    DRB0:[DRS.REFMT]REFORMAT.EXE;5
    Edited DR's, sats and radar fixes.
    
    time, lat, long, time(sec) to nearest nav fix, data values
    

    Person who carried out this activity:

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
    Attn: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
    Menlo Park, CA 94025-3561
    USA

    (650) 329-5055 (voice)
    (650) 329-5190 (FAX)
    infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>

    Date: 31-Oct-1998 (process 4 of 4)
    Bathymetry Data
    10/31/1998  /tiger/l/l978hw/bath/l-9-78-hw.335_050
    /bear/programs/edit/automerge/automerge
    
    Input was...
    Converted to time format with year at start.
    
    12/06/85 BECKIE DUA0:[DATA.L978HW.B]L978HW.335;
    DRB0:[DRS.REFMT]REFORMAT.EXE;5
    This file was hand-digetized in 2-way travel time (secs).
    Velocity of sound assumed: 1500M/sec.
    
    Input was...
    Converted to time format with year at start.
    
    01/15/86 KAYE DUA0:[DATA.L978HW.N]L978HW.050;
    DRB0:[DRS.REFMT]REFORMAT.EXE;5
    Edited DR's, sats and radar fixes.
    
    time, lat, long, time(sec) to nearest nav fix, data values
    

    Person who carried out this activity:

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
    Attn: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
    Menlo Park, CA 94025-3561
    USA

    (650) 329-5055 (voice)
    (650) 329-5190 (FAX)
    infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>

  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>, Unknown, USGS/CMG Information Bank <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/>: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov> Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>, Menlo Park, CA.

    Online Links:

    Other_Citation_Details:
    Normark, W.R., Moore, J.G., Lipman, P.W., and Young, J.D., 1979, Trackline chart, bathymetric and seismic profiles acquired on R/V Lee cruise 9-78-HW, near Hawaii: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 79-972, 2 p. Alpha, T.R., Morley, J.M., Gutmacher, C.E., and Austin, W.A., 1982, Oblique map of Loihi Seamount and Papa'u Landslide, Hawaii: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 82-0463, 1 sheet. Chase, T.E., Miller, C.P., Seekins, B.A., Normark, William R., Gutmacher, C.E., Wilde, P., and Young, J.D., 1981, Topography of the southern Hawaiian Islands: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 81-0120, 3 sheets. Normark, William R., Clague, David A., and Moore, James G., 1982, The next island: Natural History, v. 91, no. 12, p. 68-71. Lipman, Peter W., Normark, William R., Moore, James G., Wilson, John B., and Gutmacher, Christina E., 1988, The giant submarine Alika debris slide, Mauna Loa, Hawaii, in Tilling, Robert I., ed., Special section on How volcanoes work; Part 2: Journal of Geophysical Research, B, Solid Earth and Planets, v. 93, no. 5, p. 4279-4299. Moore, James G., Bryan, Wilfred B., Beeson, Melvin H., and Normark, William R., 1995, Giant blocks in the South Kona Landslide, Hawaii: Boulder, CO, Geology, v. 23, no. 2, p. 125-128.



How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?

    Identified as best available version.

  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?

    Unspecified

  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?

    Unspecified

  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?

    Start and end date/times of data

    Navigation Data (l-9-78-hw.050 [SINS])
    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    197810120100000    197810151715340
    197810151735430    197810160335200
    197810160401130    197810160554520
    197810160614570    197810161230250
    197810161306000    197810161306000
    197810161330000    197810180335200
    197810180355230    197810180713310
    197810180738360    197810181355030
    197810181430040    197810181430040
    197810181514000    197810181514000
    197810181642020    197810190754530
    197810190820000    197810190820000
    197810190900000    197810190900000
    197810190930000    197810191000000
    197810191030000    197810191030000
    197810191100000    197810191200000
    197810191225000    197810191300000
    197810191330000    197810191509000
    197810191530000    197810191600000
    197810191630000    197810191630000
    197810191700000    197810191700000
    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    Gravity Data (l-9-78-hw.111_050)
    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    197810120100100    197810130705300
    197810130714000    197810151830400
    197810151838500    197810161051400
    197810161101200    197810191700000
    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    Magnetics Data (l-9-78-hw.260_050)
    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    197810121401580    197810122027040
    197810122058050    197810131853430
    197810140534370    197810161823290
    197810161833010    197810172229580
    197810180017210    197810182245320
    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    Bathymetry Data (l-9-78-hw.335_050)
    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    197810120116420    197810121339000
    197810121344420    197810130520540
    197810130526480    197810131334540
    197810131340180    197810131801000
    197810131806120    197810140225060
    197810140311120    197810140514360
    197810140520180    197810140817360
    197810140823060    197810140827180
    197810140833060    197810141635540
    197810141641120    197810141654360
    197810141701120    197810141912120
    197810141921300    197810150037000
    197810150047300    197810151610480
    197810151616240    197810160502240
    197810160507300    197810161456060
    197810161502360    197810161642420
    197810161647480    197810161932360
    197810161937540    197810170106360
    197810170113240    197810170800000
    197810170805120    197810171006420
    197810171011480    197810171043180
    197810171048420    197810171136360
    197810171147060    197810171228360
    197810171234180    197810171443180
    197810171449420    197810171532300
    197810171538180    197810171538180
    197810171545000    197810171602240
    197810171608000    197810171941240
    197810171948420    197810180215000
    197810180227180    197810180309420
    197810180316240    197810180440060
    197810180446000    197810180554480
    197810180600060    197810180629480
    197810180635480    197810180640360
    197810180646300    197810181019240
    197810181025120    197810181108300
    197810181113480    197810181538120
    197810181544420    197810181753300
    197810181759120    197810181942060
    197810181947240    197810182214480
    197810182220000    197810182332000
    197810190400000    197810190445360
    197810190452360    197810191316300
    197810191327240    197810191541180
    197810191547420    197810191659180
    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    

  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?

    Unspecified


How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?

Access_Constraints:
Physical materials are under controlled on-site access.
If available, access to physical samples is described in the "WR CMG Sample Distribution Policy" at: <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/main/sample-dist-policy.html>
Use_Constraints:
Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as the source of this information.
Physical materials are under controlled on-site access.
Some USGS information accessed through this means may be preliminary in nature and presented without the approval of the Director of the USGS. This information is provided with the understanding that it is not guaranteed to be correct or complete and conclusions drawn from such information are the responsibility of the user.
This information is not intended for navigational purposes.
Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
    Attn: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
    Menlo Park, CA 94025-3561
    USA

    (650) 329-5055 (voice)
    (650) 329-5190 (FAX)
    infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>

  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set?

    Downloadable Data L-9-78-HW data set <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/l/l978hw/html/l-9-78-hw.meta.html>

  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?

    Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as the source of this information.
    Physical materials are under controlled on-site access.
    Some USGS information accessed through this means may be preliminary in nature and presented without the approval of the Director of the USGS. This information is provided with the understanding that it is not guaranteed to be correct or complete and conclusions drawn from such information are the responsibility of the user.
    This information is not intended for navigational purposes.
    Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

  4. How can I download or order the data?

    • Availability in digital form:

Data format: ASCII Size: 0.1
Network links: <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/l/l978hw/html/l-9-78-hw.nav.html>

Data format: ASCII Size: 5.5
Network links: <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/l/l978hw/html/l-9-78-hw.grav.html>

Data format: ASCII Size: 1.1
Network links: <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/l/l978hw/html/l-9-78-hw.mag.html>

Data format: ASCII Size: 0.5
Network links: <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/l/l978hw/html/l-9-78-hw.bath.html>

  • Cost to order the data: None


  • Who wrote the metadata?

    Dates:
    Last modified: 29-Oct-2013
    Metadata author:
    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
    Attn: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
    Menlo Park, CA 94025-3561
    USA

    (650) 329-5055 (voice)
    (650) 329-5190 (FAX)
    infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>

    Metadata standard:
    FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata <http://www.fgdc.gov/> (FGDC-STD-001-1998 <http://www.its.nbs.gov/nbs/meta/meta.html>)


    Generated by mp version 2.9.13 on Tue Oct 29 12:51:32 2013