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What does this data set describe?

Title:
Geological and Geophysical data of field activity 84015 (L-9-84-CP) in Majuro to Honolulu, Central Pacific from 07/27/1984 to 08/16/1984
Abstract:
United States Geological Survey, Woods Hole, Massachusetts. Chief Scientist: Bill Schwab. Geological and Geophysical data (3dot5khz, 12khz, transitsatellite, dopplersonar, LoranC, magnetics, gravity, airgun, boxcore, gravitycore, chaindredge, pipedredge, Digitrack) of field activity 84015 (L-9-84-CP) in Majuro to Honolulu, Central Pacific from 07/27/1984 to 08/16/1984, <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/l/l984cp/html/l-9-84-cp.meta.html>.
Supplemental_Information:

Equipment Used -
3dot5khz 3.5 khz bathymetry
12khz 12 khz bathymetry
transitsatellite
dopplersonar dopplar radar
LoranC
magnetics shipboard magnetometer
gravity shipboard gravity
airgun single-channel airgun
boxcore
gravitycore
chaindredge
pipedredge
Digitrack
Publications -
Hein, J.R., Manheim, F.T., and Schwab, William C., 1986, Cobalt-rich ferromanganese crusts
from the Central Pacific: Offshore Technology Conference Proceedings, v. 18, no. 3, p. 119-126.<BR>
<HR>
Manheim, Frank T., and Hein, J.R., 1986, Ferromanganese crusts, in Lockwood, Millington, and
Hill, Gary W., Proceedings; Exclusive Economic Zone symposium; exploring the new ocean frontier:
Rockville, MD, U.S. Department of Commerce, NOAA.<BR>
<HR>
Schwab, W.C., Hein, J.R., Davis, A.S., Morgenson, L.A., Daniel, C.L., and Haggerty, J.A., 1986,
Geological and geochemical data for seamounts and associated ferromanganese crusts in the Ratak
Chain, Marshall Islands: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-0338, 36 p.<BR>
<HR>
Hein, James R., Morgenson, Lisa A., Fleishman, Charlaine, Schwab, William C., and
Clague, David A., 1987, Composition and distribution of cobalt-rich ferromanganese crusts
from the Pacific, in Sachs, Janet Somerville, ed., USGS research on mineral resources, 1987;
program and abstracts: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 0995, p. 28-30. <BR>
<HR>
Hein, James R., Manheim, Frank T., Schwab, William C., and Clague, David A., 1986, Cobalt-rich
ferromanganese crusts from Central Pacific: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin,
v. 70, no. 7, p. 925.<BR>
<HR>
Hein, James R., Schwab, William C., and Davis, Alice S., 1988, Cobalt- and platinum-rich
ferromanganese crusts and associated substrate rocks from the Marshall Islands: Marine Geology,
v. 78, no. 3-4, p. 255-283.<BR>
<HR>
Hein, James R., Morgenson, Lisa A., Clague, David A., and Koski, Randolph A., 1987, Cobalt-rich
ferromanganese crusts from the Exclusive Economic Zone of the United States and nodules from the
oceanic Pacific, in Scholl, David W., Grantz, Arthur, and Vedder, John G., eds., Geology and
resource potential of the continental margin of western North America and adjacent ocean basins,
Beaufort Sea to Baja California: Circum-Pacific Council for Energy and Mineral Resources, Earth
Science Series, v. 6, p. 753-771.<BR>
<HR>
Ingram-DePaolo, B. Lynn, Hein, James R., 1989, Sr isotopes in hydrogenetic and hydrothermal
Fe-Mn crusts: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 69, no. 44, p. 1489.<BR>
<HR>
Ingram, B.L., Hein, J.R., and Farmer, G.L., 1990, Age determinations and growth rates of
Pacific ferromanganese deposits using strontium isotopes: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta,
v. 54, no. 6, p. 1709-1721.<BR>
<HR>
Kang, Jung-Keuk, and Hein, James R., 1988, Textural characteristics of hydrogenetic and
hydrothermal Fe-Mn crusts: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 69, no. 44, p. 1271.<BR>
<HR>
Hein, James R., Kang, Jung-Keuk, Schulz, Marjorie S., Yoon, Suk-Hoon, and Smith, Virginia K.,
1991, Marine ferromanganese deposits near the Marshall Islands, in Good, Elizabeth E.,
Slack, John F, and Kotra, Rama K., eds., USGS research on mineral resources, 1991; program and
abstracts: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1062, p. 37-38.<BR>
<HR>
Hein, James R., Kirschenbaum, Herbert, Olson, Renee L., and Schulz, Marjorie S., 1990,
Platinum-group elements and gold in Pacific ferromanganese deposits: American Association
of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 74, no. 6, p. 978.<BR>
<HR>
Davis, Alice S., Clague, David A., Schulz, Marjorie S., and Hein, James R., 1991, Low
sulfur content in submarine lavas; an unreliable indicator of subaerial eruption:
Boulder, CO, Geology, v. 19, no. 7, p. 750-753.<BR>
<HR>
Hein, James R., Yeh, Hsueh-Wen, Gunn, Susan H., Sliter, William V., Benninger,
Laura M., and Wang, Chung-Ho, 1993, Two major Cenozoic episodes of phosphogenesis
recorded in Equatorial Pacific seamount deposits: Paleoceanography, v. 8, no. 2,
p. 293-311.<BR>
<HR>
Hein, James R., Morrison, Marjorie S., and Gein, Lisa M., 1991, Central Pacific
Basin cobalt-rich ferromanganese crusts; historical perspective and regional
variability, in Keating, Barbara H, and Bolton, Barrie R., eds., Geology and offshore
mineral resources of the Central Pacific Basin: Circum-Pacific Council for Energy and
Mineral Resources, Earth Science Series, v. 14, p. 261-283.<BR>
<HR>
Blanckenburg, F.V., Belshaw, N., O'Nions, R.K., and Hein, J., 1993, Use of (super 10)
Be/ (super 9) Be as a water mass tracer; variations in Atlantic and Pacific seawater:
American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 74, no. 43, Supplement, p. 367.<BR>
<HR>
Hein, James R., and Koski, Randolph A., 1989, Deep sea mineral deposits in the northern
Pacific, in Borukayev, C.B., and Vrublevsky, A.A., eds., International symposium; tectonics,
energy and mineral resources of the North-West Pacific (abstracts); Volume II: Khabarovsk,
Russian Federation, Russian Far East Academy of Sciences, Institute of Tectonics and
Geophysics.<BR>
<HR>
von Blanckenburg, F., O'Nions, R.K., Belshaw, N.S., Gibb, A., and Hein, J.R., 1996,
Global distribution of beryllium isotopes in deep ocean water as derived from Fe-Mn
crusts: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 141, no. 1-4, p. 213-226.<BR>
<HR>
von Blanckenburg, Friedhelm, O'Nions, R.K., and Hein, J.R., 1996, Distribution and sources
of pre-anthropogenic lead isotopes in deep ocean water from Fe-Mn crusts: Geochimica et
Cosmochimica Acta, v. 60, no. 24, p. 4957-4963.<BR>
<HR>
von Blanckenburg, F., Belshaw, N.S., O'Nions, R.K., and Hein, J.R., 1995, Study of beryllium
isotopes in oceanic deep-water circulation from Recent ferromanganese crusts, in Global change
and marine geology; 85; Jahrestagung der Geologischen Vereinigung e.V.; Zusammenfassung der
Tagungsbeitraege: Bonn, Terra Nostra, v. 1-95, p. 5.<BR>
<HR>
Hein, James R., Koschinsky, Andrea, Halbach, Peter E., Manheim, Frank T., Bau, Michael,
Kang, Jung-Keuk, and Lubick, Naomi, 1997, Iron and manganese oxide mineralization in the
Pacific, in Nicholson, Keith, Hein, James R., Buehn, Bernhard, and Dasgupta, Somnath, eds.,
Manganese mineralization; geochemistry and mineralogy of terrestrial and marine deposits:
Geological Society Special Publications, v. 119, p. 123-138.<BR>
<HR>
Benninger, Laura M., and Hein, James R., 1997, Phosphorite from Mid-Pacific seamounts;
distribution, petrology, and genesis: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs,
v. 29, no. 5, p. 3-4.<BR>

Similar information is available for thousands of other USGS/CMG-related Activities.
If known, available are Activity-specific navigation, gravity, magnetics, bathymetry, seismic, and sampling data; track maps; and equipment information; as well as summary overviews, crew lists, and information about analog materials.
If available, access to physical samples is described in the "WR CMG Sample Distribution Policy" at: <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/main/sample-dist-policy.html>
Primary access to the USGS/CMG Information Bank's digital data, analog data, and metadata is provided through... <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/>
This page accomodates a variety of search approaches (e.g., by platform, by region, by scientist, by equipment type, etc.).
  1. How should this data set be cited?

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov/>, Coastal and Marine Geology Program (CMGP) <http://marine.usgs.gov/>, 20140507, Geological and Geophysical data of field activity 84015 (L-9-84-CP) in Majuro to Honolulu, Central Pacific from 07/27/1984 to 08/16/1984: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>, Menlo Park, CA.

    Online Links:

  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?

    West_Bounding_Coordinate: 166.90211
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: -157.82132
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 21.26410
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 7.09617

  3. What does it look like?

  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?

    Beginning_Date: 27-Jul-1984
    Ending_Date: 16-Aug-1984
    Currentness_Reference: ground condition

  5. What is the general form of this data set?

  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?

    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?

      Indirect_Spatial_Reference: Majuro to Honolulu, Central Pacific
      This is a Point data set. It contains the following vector data types (SDTS terminology):
      • Point

    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?

      Horizontal positions are specified in geographic coordinates, that is, latitude and longitude. Latitudes are given to the nearest 0.00001. Longitudes are given to the nearest 0.00001. Latitude and longitude values are specified in Decimal degrees.

      Vertical_Coordinate_System_Definition:
      Depth_System_Definition:
      Depth_Datum_Name: Local surface
      Depth_Resolution: 0.1
      Depth_Distance_Units: meters
      Depth_Encoding_Method: Attribute values


  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?

    Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
    Bathymetry with Time Stamp <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/definition/bath.html>
    Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
    Gravity with Time Stamp <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/definition/grav.html>
    Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
    Magnetics with Time Stamp <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/definition/mag.html>
    Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
    Navigation with Time Stamp <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/definition/nav.html>


Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)

  2. Who also contributed to the data set?

    Al McClenaghan (Ship Captain); Alice Davis (Geologist); Bill Schwab (Chief Scientist); Bob Rowland (Geologist); Bob Welden (Geologist); Charlie Hall (Chief Engineer); Chris Poppe (Chief Mate); Chris Wilson (Navigator); Henry Meyer (Geologist); Janet Haggerty (Geologist); Jim Vaughan (Electronics Technician); Joanne Thede Ferreira (Watchstander); Joe Stagg (Watchstander); Kaye Kinoshita (Watchstander); Kevin O'Toole (Mechanical Technician); Ledabeth Pickthorn (Watchstander); Paul Wenberg (Mechanical Technician); Rick Viall (Electronics Technician); Robin Bouse (Navigator); Tim Ling (Geochemist); Wendy Bohrson (Navigator)

  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
    Attn: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
    Menlo Park, CA 94025-3561
    USA

    (650) 329-5055 (voice)
    (650) 329-5190 (FAX)
    infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>


Why was the data set created?

These data and information are intended for science researchers, students from elementary through college, policy makers, and general public.


How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?

  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?

    Date: 22-Jan-1996 (process 1 of 4)
    Navigation Data
    Converted to time format with year at start.
    
    03/04/85 KAYE USR$DISK:[DRS.DATA.L9.N]NEW.071;
    USR$DISK:[DRS.REFMT]REFORMAT.EXE;3
    Data has been run through FILTER
    
    

    Person who carried out this activity:

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
    Attn: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
    Menlo Park, CA 94025-3561
    USA

    (650) 329-5055 (voice)
    (650) 329-5190 (FAX)
    infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>

    Date: 31-Oct-1998 (process 2 of 4)
    Gravity Data
    10/31/1998  /tiger/l/l984cp/grav/l-9-84-cp.161_071
    /bear/programs/edit/automerge/automerge
    
    Input was...
    Converted to time format with year at start.
    
    03/05/85 BARB USR$DISK:[DRS.DATA.L9.G]L984CP.161;
    USR$DISK:[DRS.REFMT]REFORMAT.EXE;3
    Meter 53
    Land Ties: 2092100000  969824.7
               2290700000  969824.7
    
    Input was...
    Converted to time format with year at start.
    
    03/04/85 KAYE USR$DISK:[DRS.DATA.L9.N]NEW.071;
    USR$DISK:[DRS.REFMT]REFORMAT.EXE;3
    Data has been run through FILTER
    
    time, lat, long, time(sec) to nearest nav fix, data values
    

    Person who carried out this activity:

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
    Attn: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
    Menlo Park, CA 94025-3561
    USA

    (650) 329-5055 (voice)
    (650) 329-5190 (FAX)
    infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>

    Date: 20-Jun-2012 (process 3 of 4)
    Magnetics Data
    06/20/2012 carolyn l-9-84-cp.220_071
    
    Reprocessed using subroutines from Susan Macmillan's
    IGRF SYNTHESIS PROGRAM <http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/IAGA/vmod/igrf11.f>
    with IGRF-11 coeffiecients integrated into the source code.
    /infobank/programs/mag/magred11/magred11.for
    Using geodetic coordinate system (Earth shape approximated by spheriod)
    with altitude 0.0 km (for sea level).
    
    Input was...
    10/31/1998  /tiger/l/l984cp/mag/l-9-84-cp.200_071
    /bear/programs/edit/automerge/automerge
    
    Converted to time format with year at start.
    
    09/13/85 CAROLYN DISK$USERDISK:[CAROLYN]L984CP.200;
    DRB0:[DRS.REFMT]REFORMAT.EXE;4
    
    Converted to time format with year at start.
    
    03/04/85 KAYE USR$DISK:[DRS.DATA.L9.N]NEW.071;
    USR$DISK:[DRS.REFMT]REFORMAT.EXE;3
    Data has been run through FILTER
    
    time, lat, long, time(sec) to nearest nav fix, data values
    

    Person who carried out this activity:

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
    Attn: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
    Menlo Park, CA 94025-3561
    USA

    (650) 329-5055 (voice)
    (650) 329-5190 (FAX)
    infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>

    Date: 31-Oct-1998 (process 4 of 4)
    Bathymetry Data
    10/31/1998  /tiger/l/l984cp/bath/l-9-84-cp.330_071
    /bear/programs/edit/automerge/automerge
    
    Input was...
    Converted to time format with year at start.
    
    05/06/85 BECKIE USR$DISK:[DRS.DATA.L984CP.B]L984CP.330;
    DRA1:[DRS.BAT]BATRED.EXE;1
    Time-checked digitrack bathymetry.
    
    Input was...
    Converted to time format with year at start.
    
    03/04/85 KAYE USR$DISK:[DRS.DATA.L9.N]NEW.071;
    USR$DISK:[DRS.REFMT]REFORMAT.EXE;3
    Data has been run through FILTER
    
    time, lat, long, time(sec) to nearest nav fix, data values
    

    Person who carried out this activity:

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
    Attn: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
    Menlo Park, CA 94025-3561
    USA

    (650) 329-5055 (voice)
    (650) 329-5190 (FAX)
    infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>

  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>, Unknown, USGS/CMG Information Bank <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/>: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov> Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>, Menlo Park, CA.

    Online Links:

    Other_Citation_Details:
    Hein, J.R., Manheim, F.T., and Schwab, William C., 1986, Cobalt-rich ferromanganese crusts from the Central Pacific: Offshore Technology Conference Proceedings, v. 18, no. 3, p. 119-126. Manheim, Frank T., and Hein, J.R., 1986, Ferromanganese crusts, in Lockwood, Millington, and Hill, Gary W., Proceedings; Exclusive Economic Zone symposium; exploring the new ocean frontier: Rockville, MD, U.S. Department of Commerce, NOAA. Schwab, W.C., Hein, J.R., Davis, A.S., Morgenson, L.A., Daniel, C.L., and Haggerty, J.A., 1986, Geological and geochemical data for seamounts and associated ferromanganese crusts in the Ratak Chain, Marshall Islands: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-0338, 36 p. Hein, James R., Morgenson, Lisa A., Fleishman, Charlaine, Schwab, William C., and Clague, David A., 1987, Composition and distribution of cobalt-rich ferromanganese crusts from the Pacific, in Sachs, Janet Somerville, ed., USGS research on mineral resources, 1987; program and abstracts: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 0995, p. 28-30. Hein, James R., Manheim, Frank T., Schwab, William C., and Clague, David A., 1986, Cobalt-rich ferromanganese crusts from Central Pacific: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 70, no. 7, p. 925. Hein, James R., Schwab, William C., and Davis, Alice S., 1988, Cobalt- and platinum-rich ferromanganese crusts and associated substrate rocks from the Marshall Islands: Marine Geology, v. 78, no. 3-4, p. 255-283. Hein, James R., Morgenson, Lisa A., Clague, David A., and Koski, Randolph A., 1987, Cobalt-rich ferromanganese crusts from the Exclusive Economic Zone of the United States and nodules from the oceanic Pacific, in Scholl, David W., Grantz, Arthur, and Vedder, John G., eds., Geology and resource potential of the continental margin of western North America and adjacent ocean basins, Beaufort Sea to Baja California: Circum-Pacific Council for Energy and Mineral Resources, Earth Science Series, v. 6, p. 753-771. Ingram-DePaolo, B. Lynn, Hein, James R., 1989, Sr isotopes in hydrogenetic and hydrothermal Fe-Mn crusts: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 69, no. 44, p. 1489. Ingram, B.L., Hein, J.R., and Farmer, G.L., 1990, Age determinations and growth rates of Pacific ferromanganese deposits using strontium isotopes: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 54, no. 6, p. 1709-1721. Kang, Jung-Keuk, and Hein, James R., 1988, Textural characteristics of hydrogenetic and hydrothermal Fe-Mn crusts: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 69, no. 44, p. 1271. Hein, James R., Kang, Jung-Keuk, Schulz, Marjorie S., Yoon, Suk-Hoon, and Smith, Virginia K., 1991, Marine ferromanganese deposits near the Marshall Islands, in Good, Elizabeth E., Slack, John F, and Kotra, Rama K., eds., USGS research on mineral resources, 1991; program and abstracts: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1062, p. 37-38. Hein, James R., Kirschenbaum, Herbert, Olson, Renee L., and Schulz, Marjorie S., 1990, Platinum-group elements and gold in Pacific ferromanganese deposits: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 74, no. 6, p. 978. Davis, Alice S., Clague, David A., Schulz, Marjorie S., and Hein, James R., 1991, Low sulfur content in submarine lavas; an unreliable indicator of subaerial eruption: Boulder, CO, Geology, v. 19, no. 7, p. 750-753. Hein, James R., Yeh, Hsueh-Wen, Gunn, Susan H., Sliter, William V., Benninger, Laura M., and Wang, Chung-Ho, 1993, Two major Cenozoic episodes of phosphogenesis recorded in Equatorial Pacific seamount deposits: Paleoceanography, v. 8, no. 2, p. 293-311. Hein, James R., Morrison, Marjorie S., and Gein, Lisa M., 1991, Central Pacific Basin cobalt-rich ferromanganese crusts; historical perspective and regional variability, in Keating, Barbara H, and Bolton, Barrie R., eds., Geology and offshore mineral resources of the Central Pacific Basin: Circum-Pacific Council for Energy and Mineral Resources, Earth Science Series, v. 14, p. 261-283. Blanckenburg, F.V., Belshaw, N., O'Nions, R.K., and Hein, J., 1993, Use of (super 10) Be/ (super 9) Be as a water mass tracer; variations in Atlantic and Pacific seawater: American Geophysical Union Eos, Transactions, v. 74, no. 43, Supplement, p. 367. Hein, James R., and Koski, Randolph A., 1989, Deep sea mineral deposits in the northern Pacific, in Borukayev, C.B., and Vrublevsky, A.A., eds., International symposium; tectonics, energy and mineral resources of the North-West Pacific (abstracts); Volume II: Khabarovsk, Russian Federation, Russian Far East Academy of Sciences, Institute of Tectonics and Geophysics. von Blanckenburg, F., O'Nions, R.K., Belshaw, N.S., Gibb, A., and Hein, J.R., 1996, Global distribution of beryllium isotopes in deep ocean water as derived from Fe-Mn crusts: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 141, no. 1-4, p. 213-226. von Blanckenburg, Friedhelm, O'Nions, R.K., and Hein, J.R., 1996, Distribution and sources of pre-anthropogenic lead isotopes in deep ocean water from Fe-Mn crusts: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v. 60, no. 24, p. 4957-4963. von Blanckenburg, F., Belshaw, N.S., O'Nions, R.K., and Hein, J.R., 1995, Study of beryllium isotopes in oceanic deep-water circulation from Recent ferromanganese crusts, in Global change and marine geology; 85; Jahrestagung der Geologischen Vereinigung e.V.; Zusammenfassung der Tagungsbeitraege: Bonn, Terra Nostra, v. 1-95, p. 5. Hein, James R., Koschinsky, Andrea, Halbach, Peter E., Manheim, Frank T., Bau, Michael, Kang, Jung-Keuk, and Lubick, Naomi, 1997, Iron and manganese oxide mineralization in the Pacific, in Nicholson, Keith, Hein, James R., Buehn, Bernhard, and Dasgupta, Somnath, eds., Manganese mineralization; geochemistry and mineralogy of terrestrial and marine deposits: Geological Society Special Publications, v. 119, p. 123-138. Benninger, Laura M., and Hein, James R., 1997, Phosphorite from Mid-Pacific seamounts; distribution, petrology, and genesis: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 29, no. 5, p. 3-4.



How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?

    Identified as best available version.

  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?

    Unspecified

  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?

    Unspecified

  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?

    Start and end date/times of data

    Navigation Data (l-9-84-cp.071)
    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    198407272148020    198408021526000
    198408021541000    198408131916000
    198408131922000    198408160613000
    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    Gravity Data (l-9-84-cp.161_071)
    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    198407272148100    198408052327200
    198408052336000    198408160611100
    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    Magnetics Data (l-9-84-cp.220_071)
    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    198407281421500    198407290530100
    198407301348200    198407301350300
    198407310203100    198407310205400
    198407310903200    198407311145100
    198407311843100    198408010930200
    198408020132400    198408030115300
    198408031011500    198408041237200
    198408050936300    198408051827100
    198408052315400    198408052329300
    198408052338000    198408100120300
    198408100255500    198408110832200
    198408110945000    198408120000000
    198408130027500    198408152241300
    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    Bathymetry Data (l-9-84-cp.330_071)
    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    198407272253400    198407302131300
    198407302138100    198407311813000
    198407311825200    198408011230400
    198408011237400    198408030500100
    198408030717000    198408052329300
    198408052338000    198408070900100
    198408071631000    198408110846200
    198408110858100    198408152309500
    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    

  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?

    Unspecified


How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?

Access_Constraints:
Physical materials are under controlled on-site access.
If available, access to physical samples is described in the "WR CMG Sample Distribution Policy" at: <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/main/sample-dist-policy.html>
Use_Constraints:
Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as the source of this information.
Physical materials are under controlled on-site access.
Some USGS information accessed through this means may be preliminary in nature and presented without the approval of the Director of the USGS. This information is provided with the understanding that it is not guaranteed to be correct or complete and conclusions drawn from such information are the responsibility of the user.
This information is not intended for navigational purposes.
Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
    Attn: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
    Menlo Park, CA 94025-3561
    USA

    (650) 329-5055 (voice)
    (650) 329-5190 (FAX)
    infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>

  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set?

    Downloadable Data 84015 (L-9-84-CP) data set <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/l/l984cp/html/l-9-84-cp.meta.html>

  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?

    Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as the source of this information.
    Physical materials are under controlled on-site access.
    Some USGS information accessed through this means may be preliminary in nature and presented without the approval of the Director of the USGS. This information is provided with the understanding that it is not guaranteed to be correct or complete and conclusions drawn from such information are the responsibility of the user.
    This information is not intended for navigational purposes.
    Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

  4. How can I download or order the data?

    • Availability in digital form:

Data format: ASCII Size: 1.8
Network links: <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/l/l984cp/html/l-9-84-cp.nav.html>

Data format: ASCII Size: 7.0
Network links: <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/l/l984cp/html/l-9-84-cp.grav.html>

Data format: ASCII Size: 6.5
Network links: <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/l/l984cp/html/l-9-84-cp.mag.html>

Data format: ASCII Size: 1.0
Network links: <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/l/l984cp/html/l-9-84-cp.bath.html>

  • Cost to order the data: None


  • Who wrote the metadata?

    Dates:
    Last modified: 07-May-2014
    Metadata author:
    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
    Attn: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
    Menlo Park, CA 94025-3561
    USA

    (650) 329-5055 (voice)
    (650) 329-5190 (FAX)
    infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>

    Metadata standard:
    FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata <http://www.fgdc.gov/> (FGDC-STD-001-1998 <http://www.its.nbs.gov/nbs/meta/meta.html>)


    Generated by mp version 2.9.13 on Wed May 7 14:58:57 2014