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Identification_Information:

  Citation:
    Citation_Information:
      Originator: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) , Coastal and Marine Geology Program (CMGP) 
      Publication_Date: 20131229
      Title:
        Geophysical data of field activity M-1-04-NC in Cordell Bank,
        Gulf of Farallones, and Monterey Bay Marine Sanctuary, CA
        from 03/31/2004 to 04/22/2004
      Publication_Information:
        Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) , Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) 
        Publication_Place: Menlo Park, CA
      Online_Linkage: http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/gos/m-1-04-nc.fmeta.xml
      Online_Linkage: http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/m/m104nc/html/m-1-04-nc.meta.html

  Description:
    Abstract:
      United States Geological Survey, Menlo Park,
      California,National Oceanic and Atmospheric
      Administration,Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary,Cordell
      Bank National Marine Sanctuary,Gulf of the Farallones
      National Marine Sanctuary,National Marine Fisheries Service
      Santa Cruz Laboratory,Northwest Fisheries Science
      Center,Washington State University Vancouver,National Marine
      Protected Areas Center Science Institute,Deep Ocean
      Engineering. Chief Scientists: Tara Anderson, Roberto Anima.
      Geophysical data (Kleinsidescan, underwatertelevision) of
      field activity M-1-04-NC in Cordell Bank, Gulf of Farallones,
      and Monterey Bay Marine Sanctuary, CA from 03/31/2004 to
      04/22/2004,
      http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/m/m104nc/html/m-1-04-nc.meta.html.

    Purpose:
      These data and information are intended for science
      researchers, students from elementary through
      college, policy makers, and general public.

    Supplemental_Information:

      Equipment Used -

      Kleinsidescan                 Klein 3000 side-scan sonar system

      underwatertelevision          small (125 lb) video-sled (51" long x 16" wide x 20" high)

      Notes -

      Associated cruises in northern California:

      
  M-1-03-NC   M-1-04-NC   M-1-05-NC
Notes from Cruise Fact Sheet. May 2004. Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary SIMoN Program. 17 May 2004 <http://www.mbnms-simon.org/docs/build/Fact_sheet_MBNMS_MAC.doc>...
Multi-agency Seafloor Mapping Project in Monterey Bay, Cordell Bank and Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuaries
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientists recently returned from a 21-day research mission with some of the most expansive seafloor documentation ever recorded of the Monterey Bay (MBNMS), Cordell Bank (CBNMS) and Gulf of the Farallones (GFNMS) national marine sanctuaries. The platform for the cruise was the 224 feet NOAA ship McArthur II.
This was a collaborative venture involving the MBNMS; CBNMS; GFNMS; USGS; National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), Santa Cruz Laboratory; Northwest Fisheries Science Center, Newport, OR; Washington State University Vancouver, Vancouver, WA; NOAA Marine Protected Areas Center's Science Institute (MPA); and Deep Ocean Engineering (DOE).
Researchers mapped the seafloor with side-scan sonar and captured video showing the diversity of sea life, health of habitat and characteristics of the seafloor, including a first look at many areas. The cruise consisted of 3 different legs:
Cordell Bank Survey (1-7 April);
Fanny Shoal and Shelf Survey in GFNMS (7-14 April); and
Continental Shelf Survey in the MBNMS (14-22 April).
Results of the research from the 2004 McArthur II seafloor mapping cruise of the sanctuaries will provide valuable characterization of sanctuary biology and geology that is useful as a foundation for management of the national marine sanctuaries.
Mapping, describing and visualizing seafloor habitats and their biodiversity within the sanctuaries will help managers to protect important habitats, plants, and animals. The knowledge of what is present today will also provide the foundation to monitor changes in these important resources.
Goal of mission:
To acoustically image, document and film extensive seafloor habitats and life on the seafloor within the MBNMS, CBNMS, and GFNMS as part of a multi-agency seafloor mapping project.
Objectives:
1) To map the seafloor in three West Coast national marine sanctuaries: MBNMS, CBNMS, and GFNMS.
2) To groundtruth habitat maps in two West Coast national marine sanctuaries using a camera sled (MBNMS and CBNMS).
3) To characterize habitats and associated benthic macroinvertebrates and fish assemblages in two West Coast national marine sanctuaries using a camera sled (MBNMS and CBNMS).
4) To make mapping information available to the public.
Technology and equipment used:
The small (125 pounds) video-sled (51 inches long x 16 inches wide x 20 inches high) was towed underwater behind the NOAA research vessel McArthur II to film and document habitats and life over large areas of the seafloor of the MBNMS, CBNMS and GFNMS. Scientists used a Klein 3000 side-scan sonar system to acoustically image several previously unmapped sections of the seafloor within these sanctuaries. During the cruise (April 1 to April 21) teams of scientists worked day and night to collect information on the seafloor using towed video and side-scan sonar. Seafloor descriptions were recorded by the scientists every 30 seconds during real-time observations of the seafloor, providing a wealth of information about habitats and life on the seafloor. Key findings or results:
A variety of seafloor types were identified within the sanctuaries:
1) Sand-wave habitats were occupied by sanddabs and often contained schools of baby rockfish.
2) Sediment-ripple habitats were commonly occupied by white brittle stars buried within the sediment.
3) Low-lying cobble beds were occupied by encrusting sponges, gorgonians, and half-banded rockfishes.
4) High relief bedrock habitats, although less common on the mid to outer shelf, were occupied by encrusting invertebrates, vase sponges, large anemones, gorgonians, and many species of rockfishes.
While the ability to record seafloor descriptions in real time at sea requires a team of dedicated researchers, this approach dramatically improves the speed at which seafloor information can be made available to managers, stakeholders, and the public. Importantly, this novel approach also enables web-users to examine the nature of the seafloor at locations of interest, with the capability of viewing footage from these areas within weeks of completion of the survey. In addition, close to 300 miles of the seafloor were mapped at Cordell Bank, Fanny Shoal (GFNMS) and off Pescadero Point (MBNMS) using side-scan sonar. Principals:
Dr. Tara Anderson, Principal Investigator, Ecologist, USGS & NMFS Santa Cruz;
Dr. Roberto Anima, Principal Investigator, Geologist, USGS Menlo Park;
Dale Roberts, Co-Principal Investigator, Biologist, CBNMS;
Jean de Marignac, Co-Principal Investigator and Cruise Co-ordinator (leg 1 and 2), Biologist, MBNMS;
John Chin, Co-Principal Investigator, Geologist, USGS Menlo Park.
Erica Burton, Cruise Co-ordinator (leg 3), Biologist, MBNMS;
This project demonstrates the quantity and quality of work accomplished between government agencies to conduct needed investigative work to ascertain what resources we have in our sanctuaries. The cooperating agencies pulled together sea-floor mapping tools and video-camera expertise to conduct both habitat mapping and biodiversity mapping. Contacts:
Dr. Roberto Anima, USGS, (650) 329-5212
Rachel Saunders, MBNMS, (831)647-4237;
Andrew DeVogelaere, MBNMS, (831)647-4213;
Dan Howard, CBNMS, (415)663-1456.
Dr. Tara Anderson, Australia, +61 (7) 4753-4384
On the Web:
Sanctuary Integrated Monitoring Program (SIMoN) <http://www.mbnms-simon.org/>;
Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary <http://montereybay.noaa.gov/>;
Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary <http://cordellbank.noaa.gov/>;
Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuary <http://farallones.noaa.gov/>;
National Marine Fisheries Services <http://santacruz.nmfs.noaa.gov/>;
U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report Continental Shelf GIS for the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary <http://geopubs.wr.usgs.gov/open-file/of01-179/>.
Publications - Multi-agency Seafloor Mapping Project in Monterey Bay, Cordell Bank and Gulf of Farallones National Marine Sanctuaries. May 2004. Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary SIMoN Program. 17 May 2004 < http://www.mbnms-simon.org/other/moreLinks/whats_new_mac.php>.
Anima, Roberto J.; Chin, John L.; Conrad, James E.; Golden, Nadine E., 2006, Benthic habitat and geologic mapping of the outer continental shelf of http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2006/1177/ Similar information is available for thousands of other USGS/CMG-related Activities. If known, available are Activity-specific navigation, gravity, magnetics, bathymetry, seismic, and sampling data; track maps; and equipment information; as well as summary overviews, crew lists, and information about analog materials. If available, access to physical samples is described in the "WR CMG Sample Distribution Policy" at: http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/main/sample-dist-policy.html Primary access to the USGS/CMG Information Bank's digital data, analog data, and metadata is provided through... http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/ This page accomodates a variety of search approaches (e.g., by platform, by region, by scientist, by equipment type, etc.). Time_Period_of_Content: Time_Period_Information: Range_of_Dates/Times: Beginning_Date: 20040331 Ending_Date: 20040422 Currentness_Reference: ground condition Status: Progress: Complete Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed Spatial_Domain: Bounding_Coordinates: West_Bounding_Coordinate: -123.45797 East_Bounding_Coordinate: -121.89277 North_Bounding_Coordinate: 38.26140 South_Bounding_Coordinate: 36.85388 Keywords: Theme: Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category Theme_Keyword: geoscientificinformation Theme_Keyword: oceans Theme: Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS Theme: Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS CMG InfoBank Theme_Keyword: Marine Geology Place: Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS CMG InfoBank Place_Keyword: CA Place_Keyword: Cordell Bank, Gulf of Farallones, and Monterey Bay Marine Sanctuary, CA Place_Keyword: Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary Drainage, CA Place_Keyword: North Pacific Ocean Place_Keyword: Northern California Place_Keyword: Northern Pacific Ocean Place_Keyword: USA Access_Constraints: Physical materials are under controlled on-site access. If available, access to physical samples is described in the "WR CMG Sample Distribution Policy" at: http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/main/sample-dist-policy.html Use_Constraints: Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as the source of this information. Physical materials are under controlled on-site access. Some USGS information accessed through this means may be preliminary in nature and presented without the approval of the Director of the USGS. This information is provided with the understanding that it is not guaranteed to be correct or complete and conclusions drawn from such information are the responsibility of the user. This information is not intended for navigational purposes. Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. Point_of_Contact: Contact_Information: Contact_Organization_Primary: Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) , Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) Contact_Person: Clint Steele Contact_Position: InfoBank Group Leader Contact_Address: Address_Type: mailing and physical address Address: USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road City: Menlo Park State_or_Province: CA Postal_Code: 94025-3561 Country: USA Contact_Voice_Telephone: (650) 329-5055 Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (650) 329-5190 Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov Data_Set_Credit: Tara Anderson (Chief Scientist, Ecologist, USGS, NMFS Santa Cruz); Roberto Anima (Chief Scientist, Geologist, USGS Menlo Park); Jean de Marignac (Research Leader, Biologist, MBNMS); Dale Roberts (Research Leader, Biologist, CBNMS); Erica Burton (Research Leader, Biologist, MBNMS); John Chin (Geologist, USGS Menlo Park); Brian Edwards (Geologist, USGS Menlo Park); Andy Stevenson (Image Processing, USGS Menlo Park); Fred Payne (Electronics Technician, USGS Menlo Park); John Gann (Physical Scientist, USGS Menlo Park); Larry Kooker (Electronics Technician, USGS Menlo Park); Eleyne Phillips (Research Technician/Biologist, Earth Surface Processes, USGS, Menlo Park); Mark Amend (Biologist/GIS Specialist, NMFS Santa Cruz); Paul Chetirkin (Biologist, MBNMS); Julia Clemons (Biologist, NMFS Newport); Mark Gleason (Biologist, NMFS Santa Cruz); Dan Howard (Biologist, Director CBNMS); Chad King (Biologist/GIS Specialist, MBNMS); Kelly Palacios (Biologist/GIS Specialist, MPA); Jodi Pirtle (Biologist, WSU); Sarah Smith (Biologist, MBNMS); Huff McGonigal (Socio-biologist, MBNMS); Shane Washburn (Camera Engineer, DOE) Native_Data_Set_Environment: Digital, ASCII Cross_Reference: Citation_Information: Originator: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) , Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) Publication_Date: Unknown Title: USGS/CMG Information Bank Publication_Information: Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) Publication_Place: Menlo Park, CA Online_Linkage: http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/ Other_Citation_Details: Multi-agency Seafloor Mapping Project in Monterey Bay, Cordell Bank and Gulf of Farallones National Marine Sanctuaries. May 2004. Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary SIMoN Program. 17 May 2004 < http://www.mbnms-simon.org/other/moreLinks/whats_new_mac.php>. Anima, Roberto J.; Chin, John L.; Conrad, James E.; Golden, Nadine E., 2006, Benthic habitat and geologic mapping of the outer continental shelf of http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2006/1177/ Data_Quality_Information: Attribute_Accuracy: Attribute_Accuracy_Report: Identified as best available version. Logical_Consistency_Report: Unspecified Completeness_Report: Start and end date/times of data >Navigation Data (m-1-04-nc.061 [GPS]) >YYYYMMDDHHMMSST YYYYMMDDHHMMSST >200403312125000 200403312138103 >200403312221304 200403312312003 >200404010017101 200404011645302 >200404011748502 200404011856403 >200404011941407 200404020202100 >200404020208303 200404020406303 >200404020432104 200404021959502 >200404022005003 200404030201500 >200404030423403 200404032340003 >200404032347100 200404040325000 >200404040403504 200404041511103 >200404041527203 200404041746004 >200404041752002 200404041925403 >200404041933103 200404041933103 >200404041956509 200404042119404 >200404042125204 200404051450102 >200404051501200 200404052123402 >200404052128404 200404060134403 >200404060143101 200404060736204 >200404060808102 200404070245002 >200404070253303 200404071847402 >200404071909102 200404072118002 >200404080422200 200404082038501 >200404082045001 200404082344404 >200404082356201 200404090311401 >200404090346003 200404102250500 >200404102256401 200404110701000 >200404110734503 200404111146304 >200404111152200 200404111350202 >200404111357004 200404112042001 >200404112059102 200404120606204 >200404120717004 200404120730205 >200404120737201 200404131619402 >200404131626009 200404140300102 >YYYYMMDDHHMMSST YYYYMMDDHHMMSST Positional_Accuracy: Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy: Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report: Unspecified Vertical_Positional_Accuracy: Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Report: Unspecified Lineage: Process_Step: Process_Description: Navigation Data Unknown Process_Date: 20040427 Process_Contact: Contact_Information: Contact_Organization_Primary: Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) , Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) Contact_Person: Clint Steele Contact_Position: InfoBank Group Leader Contact_Address: Address_Type: mailing and physical address Address: USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road City: Menlo Park State_or_Province: CA Postal_Code: 94025-3561 Country: USA Contact_Voice_Telephone: (650) 329-5055 Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (650) 329-5190 Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov Spatial_Data_Organization_Information: Indirect_Spatial_Reference: Cordell Bank, Gulf of Farallones, and Monterey Bay Marine Sanctuary, CA Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Point Point_and_Vector_Object_Information: SDTS_Terms_Description: SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type: Point Spatial_Reference_Information: Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition: Geographic: Latitude_Resolution: 0.00001 Longitude_Resolution: 0.00001 Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal degrees Geodetic_Model: Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983 Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 80 Semi-major_Axis: 6378137 Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257 Vertical_Coordinate_System_Definition: Depth_System_Definition: Depth_Datum_Name: Local surface Depth_Resolution: 0.1 Depth_Distance_Units: meters Depth_Encoding_Method: Attribute values Entity_and_Attribute_Information: Overview_Description: Entity_and_Attribute_Overview: Imagery with Time Stamp Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation: "activity first line style, multi-record, in mixed case, without tabs" >Mnemonic: (see example) >FORTRAN format: >C format: (a) >Naming: .observations Overview_Description: Entity_and_Attribute_Overview: Navigation with Time Stamp Distribution_Information: Distributor: Contact_Information: Contact_Organization_Primary: Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) , Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) Contact_Person: Clint Steele Contact_Position: InfoBank Group Leader Contact_Address: Address_Type: mailing and physical address Address: USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road City: Menlo Park State_or_Province: CA Postal_Code: 94025-3561 Country: USA Contact_Voice_Telephone: (650) 329-5055 Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (650) 329-5190 Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov Resource_Description: Downloadable Data M-1-04-NC data set Distribution_Liability: Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as the source of this information. Physical materials are under controlled on-site access. Some USGS information accessed through this means may be preliminary in nature and presented without the approval of the Director of the USGS. This information is provided with the understanding that it is not guaranteed to be correct or complete and conclusions drawn from such information are the responsibility of the user. This information is not intended for navigational purposes. Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. Standard_Order_Process: Digital_Form: Digital_Transfer_Information: Format_Name: ASCII File_Decompression_Technique: No compression applied Transfer_Size: 6.5 Digital_Transfer_Option: Online_Option: Computer_Contact_Information: Network_Address: Network_Resource_Name: http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/m/m104nc/html/m-1-04-nc.nav.html Fees: None Metadata_Reference_Information: Metadata_Date: 20131229 Metadata_Contact: Contact_Information: Contact_Organization_Primary: Contact_Organization: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) , Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) Contact_Person: Clint Steele Contact_Position: InfoBank Group Leader Contact_Address: Address_Type: mailing and physical address Address: USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road City: Menlo Park State_or_Province: CA Postal_Code: 94025-3561 Country: USA Contact_Voice_Telephone: (650) 329-5055 Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (650) 329-5190 Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998 Metadata_Time_Convention: universal time Metadata_Access_Constraints: none Metadata_Use_Constraints: none



      
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