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ID M-1-95-MB
Also Known As AR-95-02
Abstract Chief Scientists: Mark Pickett, Terry D. Jackson. Geological and Geophysical data (sidescansonar, uniboom, planktonnet, boxcore, SIS1000, bathymetry, bathnav, Rawinsonde, clamshellgrab) of field activity M-1-95-MB in Monterey Bay, CA. The area of operations will be the central Californiacoast, within the MBNMS, out to 50 miles. from 04/02/1995 to 04/13/1995
Project/Theme Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary
National Plan Resource, Environment
Chief Scientist Mark Pickett
Terry D. Jackson
Activity Type Geological and Geophysical
Platform McArthur
Area of Operation Monterey Bay, CA. The area of operations will be the central California, Monterey Bay, CA thin the MBNMS, out to 50 miles., Monterey Bay, CA
Bounding Coordinates
37.81247
-123.12279    -121.82023
36.25550
Dates 04/02/1995 (JD 092) to 04/13/1995 (JD 103)
Analog Materials list
Crew
Mark Pickett Chief Scientist, MBNMS
Nicole Kleinsinger Technician, UCSC
David Brooks Technician, UCSC
Brian Edwards Scientist, USGS Western Region
Rob Kayen Scientist, USGS Western Region
Mike Torresan Scientist, USGS Western Region
Pete Dartnell Scientist, USGS Western Region
Walt Olson Technician, USGS Western Region
Larry Kooker Technician, USGS Western Region
Stewart Lamerdin Technician, CDFG
Fran Hostettler Scientist, USGS Western Region
Kaye Kinoshita Scientist, USGS Western Region
Ledabeth Pickthorn Scientist, USGS Western Region
Terry Jackson Chief Scientist, MBNMS
Don Potts Scientist, UCSC
Todd Newberry Scientist, UCSC
John Pearse Scientist, UCSC
Lani Watson Technician, UCSC
Kirsten Lindstron Diver, UCSC
Steve Lonhart Diver, UCSC
Don Canestro Dive Master, UCSC
Hank Chezar Scientist, USGS Western Region
Don Barch Technician, NASA
Carol Stoker Scientists, NASA
Equipment Used
sidescansonar
uniboom
planktonnet
boxcore
SIS1000
bathymetry
bathnav
Rawinsonde
clamshellgrab
Purpose
Objectives of the cruise are to conduct numerous studies
to further the scientific knowledge of the MBNMS to enhance
Sanctuary management and resource stewardship.
Summary
Overview of Operations: Government and academic scientists affiliated
with the MBNMS, Office of Coastal Ocean Resources, NOS, will conduct several
studies aboard the NOAA ship McArthur in two separate legs, the first leg from
April 2 to April 15, 1995, and the second leg from May 9 to May 21, 1995.
Notes
Operations will consist of side-scan sonar work, CHIRP and Uniboom
    seismic-reflection profiling, benthic coring, sifting and sampling,
    ROV surveys, scuba diving surveys, weather studies, rawindsonde
    launches, bird surveys, deep-sea current meter retrieval/placement
    and plankton trawls.

    Operational Plans

    The following plans can only be considered a guide as to how the
    to predict weather, operations, scheduling problems and equipment
    failures:

    a)  Benthic Coring/Side-Scan Sonar/CHIRP/Uniboom:
        Benthic cores will be taken in water depth not exceeding 300
        meters with a box corer.  Core samples will be analyzed and
        stored.  At each coring site, a SeaCats cast using the
        McArthur's SeaCats is requested.

        A sub-surface profiler fish, the "CHIRP," will be towed before
        and during coring operations.   At other times, the CHIRP will
        be used exclusive of the Coring operations.  (A Uniboom may be
        aboard during parts of the cruise as a backup to the CHIRP.

        Side scan surveys will be conducted by USGS personnel.

        One of the analysis performed will be with a Gamma-ray
        Attenuation Porosity Evaluator (GRAPE), which uses a Cs-137
        gamma-ray source.  The personnel bringing this equipment aboard
        will provide a copy of his/her NRC permit, and the associated
        safety protocol and precautions.  The NRC permit holder will be
        soley responsible for the safe operation and storage of the
        GRAPE device.

    b)  Benthic Organisms:
        Working in conjunction with the coring project above,
        biologists from UCSC will be on board to opportunistically
        sample organisms that come to the surface in the cores.

    c)  ROV:
        An ROV from NASA-Ames will be used for stereo video transects
        over the tops and sides of 3-6 offshore pinnacles along the Big
        Sur coast. These will provide baseline data on biodiversity,
        distributions and abundances of larger invertebrates, algae and
        rockfishes.  The ROV has a 340m tether and is controlled from
        the ship. Two pinnacles will be examined on each of three days.
        The ROV data will also be used to select dive sites for the
        second leg.

    d)  SCUBA Diving:
        With data from the ROV dives as a guide, the six offshore
        pinnacles between Pt. Pinos and Big Creek will be surveyed for
        biodiversity, using photography and collection/abundance
        measurements of organisms.  Dives will be between depths of
        30-100'.  We estimate 6 dives per pinnacle (site), for a total
        of 36 dives for the project.  A dive plan approved by the
        Director of the NOAA Diving Program will be provided to the
        ship before any research dives are conducted.  The dive plan
        will include the names of all potential divers.  Ship divers
        may be asked to participate in these dives.

    e)  Weather:
        Three 24-hour periods are required to sample diurnal cycles in
        the near coastal winds.  Sampling consists of surface
        meteorological observations and Rawinsonde launches at
        intervals of 1-3 hours.  Prior to ship departure, scientists
        will mount sensors on the ship at locations relatively free
        from superstructure.  A drifting buoy may be launched as part
        of this project.  During the second leg, Rowinsonde launches
        will also be made as time permits.

    f)  Plankton Study:
        Plankton trawls will be conducted opportunistically.  The
        plankton nets can be hand operated, but easier from a small
        winch.  They consist of metal rings 0,5 or 1.0 meters in
        diameter plus a 2-meter long mesh bag.

    g)  Deep-Sea Current Meter:
        This work will consist of:
        1)  Acoustically communicating with the current meter at
            36.45N, 122.63W and sending its release command with an
            over-the-side transducer,
        2)  Picking up the current meter string upon location at the
            surface,
        3)  Deploying a replacement current meter string to be brought
            aboard,
        4)  Survey-in and communicate with the current meter, so that
            we are assured of successful functioning.
        The mooring is in about 3200 m of water.  The mooring anchor
        will stay on the bottom and the mooring will float to the
        surface sans anchor.  There is only about 50 m of mooring cable
        which can be faked on the deck.  The recovery will require use
        of the deck capstan to pull the mooring up over the A-frame
        from the surface.

    h)  Bird Surveys:
        Systematic observations of the distributions, abundances,
        behavior and correlated environmental conditions will be made
        opportunistically during daylight hours, using personnal
        binoculars as well as the ship's 25x150 instrument mounted on
        the flying bridge.

    Itinerary

    Leg I:

    March 28  Arrive San Francisco (Pier 30 @ 0900 to fuel;
        depart pier 30 at 1500; tie up at pier 35 at 1600.),
        begin staging for cruise.  Complete all staging
        by close of business on 31 March.

    March 30  Pre-Cruise meeting on board McArthur at 1300 hours
        with principal first leg researchers and ship command.

    April 2  Depart San Francisco at 0800 for first coring station
        off Ano Nuevo

    April 2 - April 11
        1)  Coring and CHIRP seismic-reflection profiling operations
            24hrs/day.
        2)  Biologists sort cores for organisms.
        3)  SeaCats cast at each coring site.

    April 11  Evening - Put in at Coast Guard Wharf in Monterey
        to offload equipment;  Alternative is to ferry personnel
        from Monterey or Santa Cruz Harbor.  (Note that it may
        not be possible to use the aft crane to unload gear
        in Monterey because of the pier design.  Furthermore,
        weather may prevent the ship from reaching the pier.
        Therefore, plans should be made to unload only gear
        which can be hand carried.)

    April 12 - April 14
        1)  Day: conduct ROV dives on Pinnacles along Big Sur Coast
            (from Carmel (36 o 40'N) to Big Creek (aprox 36 o 50'N).)
        2)  Night: continue CHIRP seismic-reflection profiling
            operations.
        3)  Conduct opportunistic plankton trawls.

    April 15  Dock in Monterey in early morning.
        Transfer personnel and equipment; depart Monterey by 0900.
        (Note that it may not be possible to use the aft crane
        to unload gear in Monterey because of the pier design.
        Furthermore, weather may prevent the ship from reaching
        the pier.  Therefore, plans should be made to unload
        only gear which can be hand carried.)

Notes ---
    Data Responsibilities

    a)  Data and samples:
        disposition and archiving of data and sample scollected
        aboard the ship for the primary project.  As the representative
        for the dissemination of copies of these data to participants
        on the cruise and to any other requesters.

        a single copy of all data collected by ship's personnel.
        This data transfer will be documented on NOAA Form 61-29,
        Letter Transmitting Data.
        a list of all data collected by the scientific party.

        The Commanding Officer is responsible for all data collected
        for ancillary projects until those data have been transferred
        to the projects' principal investigator or their designee.
        Data transfers will be documented on NOAA form 61-29.
        Copies of ancillary project data will be provided

    b)  Records and reports:
        Marine Operations Abstract (MOA).
        McArthur's officers will maintain the MOA during the cruise.
        All times should be recorded as Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).
        The ship's position will be entered for all operations, and
        other wise every 30 minutes or when changing course or speed.
        of the operations will be integrated into the MOA.
        of the MOA upon completion of the cruise.

        a cruise report within 30 days of completing the cruise.
        (PMC OP ORDER 1.3)  This report will include as an attachment
        the Ship Operations Evaluation Form.

    Contact Personnel

    Scientific operations:  CDR. Terry D. Jackson, NOAA
                            MBNMS
                            299 Foam St., Suite D
                            Monterey, CA  93940
                            (408) 647-4258

    Ship operations:        LT. John E. Herring, NOAA
                            1801 Fairview Ave. East
                            Seattle, WA  98102
                            (206) 553-4548

Notes from USGS Bulletin
   Brian Edwards, Rob Kayen, and others from USGS, on Monday completed a
   marathon box-coring program on the Monterey Bay Sanctuary shelf, collecting
   a total of 108 box cores.  Brian and Hank Chezar continued on NOAA's ship
   McArthur for a several-day program to biologically explore the "Pinnicles"
   area, southwest of Monterey, with a new ROV of NASA's, where they hope to
   help NASA and ourselves learn of the utility of their new ROV, with an eye
   to future use.  Jim Gardner, one of the architects of this sampling and ROV
   program, looked on from the shoreline (or from his porch in Montara),
   domiciled for the week with homemaker duties.

MBNMS Sampling Begins:  The Monterey Bay National Marine
Sanctuary (MBNMS) Project recently completed 9+ days of bottom
sampling on the continental shelf between the Golden Gate and
Carmel and 3 days of ROV work on pinnacles off the Pt. Sur coast.
During the sampling work, we occupied 108 stations as part of a
cooperative effort between BUSGS, EPA, NOAA, Calif. Dept. Fish &
Game (CDFG), and the UCSC biology department.  We sited sampling
locations in a randomly located statistical pattern developed in
conjunction with EPA's EMAP design criteria.  Box core samples were
collected for sedimentological (BUSGS), pollution (BUSGS & CDFG), and
macro- and micro-biological (USGS & UCSC) studies.  As appropriate,
box cores were sub-cored with the Kayen subsampling device and
sub-cores were analyzed on-board with the Schultheiss Whole-core
Logging System.  All other analyses will be completed in shore-
based laboratories.  In addition, we collected CHIRP high-resolution
seismic-reflection profiles between sample sites as well as in
three small surveys off the San Lorenzo, Pajaro, and Salinas Rivers
in an effort to map recent flood deposits.  We recovered distinct, but
thin flood layer deposits (very soupy, highly oxidized muds) three to
five miles offshore of the river mouths (< 0.5 cm thick off the San
Lorenzo, and about 2 cm thick off the Pajaro and Salinas rivers).
These deposits were too thin to be resolved by the CHIRP system.
NOAA provided the free ship-time on their "Class III" 175-foot-long
McARTHUR and organized a press conference and dignitary walk-
through of the McARTHUR at the end of the sampling leg.

We coordinated the ROV work between NASA and the UCSC biologists
as preparation for UCSC diver surveys of pinnacles off the Pt. Sur
coast.  NASA's interest in this effort was 1) to use their small 250
pound vehicle in open ocean conditions and 2) to explore the
potential for future cooperative research with BUSGS scientists.  The
NASA ROV vehicle lacks on-board navigation - a significant
operational limitation.  The vehicle, however, is small,
maneuverable, has excellent video resolution, and can be used from
small boats with 110 VAC (both 30 amp and 20 amp) circuits.  Dual
forward-looking cameras with pan-and-tilt capability allow 3-D
viewing, an arguable plus for driving the vehicle but fun when using
the "virtual reality" helmet.  The operator can select either forward-
looking or downward-looking images for tape recording.  The 1000-
foot-long tether produced significant drag in currents and required
anchoring McARTHUR at each station; hence limiting our operational
depth to about 45 meters.  In all, the ROV has potential given
appropriate project needs.

Our thanks to MARFAC for squeezing this operation into their very
busy April schedule.  Amazing how they continually juggle, address,
and meet competing needs for personnel and equipment.  Mobilizing
in San Francisco and demobilizing in Monterey made their work that
much more difficult.  Larry Kooker and Walt Olson provided their
usual stellar service.  Rob Kayen filled in for Jim Gardner at the last
minute - Jim owes Rob big-time!  My thanks also to Mike Torresan,
Peter Dartnell, Fran Hostettler, Kaye Kinoshita, and Leda Beth Gray.
Thanks, Brian.

EQUIPMENT SUPPLIED BY SCIENTIFIC PARTY:

A)  SIDE-SCAN SONAR WITH ALL ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT
    (1M X .3M X .3 M IN SIZE,
    100 KHZ FREQUENCY, ABOUT 90 DB OUTPUT;
    WINCH OCCUPIES A 2 M SQUARE FOOT PRINT ON DECK.)
B)  UNIBOOM WITH ALL ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT
    (A SURFACE-TOWED SLED, 1.5 M SQUARE,
    HAND-DEPLOYED OVER THE FANTAIL,
    1KHZ FREQUENCY, ABOUT 100 DB OUTPUT)
C)  BIOLOGICAL SAMPLING EQUIPMENT FOR COLLECTION
    OF ORGANISMS REMOVED FROM BENTHIC SAMPLES
D)  DIVER OPERATED PHOTOGRAPHIC, BIOLOGICAL
    COLLECTING AND SURVEYING EQUIPMENT
E)  EMERGENCY BREATHING OXYGEN KITS FOR LAUNCHES
F)  MISC. SCUBA DIVING EQUIPMENT
G)  PLANKTON NETS
    (THEY CONSIST OF METAL RINGS 0,5 OR 1.0 METERS IN DIAMETER
    PLUS A 2-METER LONG MESH BAG) AND
    ASSOCIATED SAMPLING EQUIPMENT
H)  HELIUM BALLOONS AND 6 HELIUM CYLINDERS
    (EACH CONTAINER IS APPROXIMATELY A 12 INCH DIAMETER
    STEEL CYLINDER ABOUT 5 FEET IN LENGTH
    WEIGHING ABOUT 80 POUNDS.)
I)  RAWINSONDE SYSTEM
J)  VARIOUS METEOROLOGICAL SENSORS
    MOUNTED TO SHIP'S SUPERSTRUCTURE
K)  DRIFT BUOY
L)  MISCELLANEOUS PERSONAL COMPUTERS
M)  TWO BOX CORING SYSTEMS
    (BIG BLUE WHICH GIVES A 40 CM BY 40 CM SAMPLE AND A
    STANDARD NEL BOX CORER WHICH GIVES A 20 CM BY 30 CM SAMPLE)
    - BOTH WEIGH ABOUT 1500 LBS
N)  CHIRP SEISMIC-REFLECTION PROFILER
    WITH ALL ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT (EG-WINCH).
    THE CHIRP SYSTEM (DATASONICS CAP-6000) FISH
    WEIGHS 300 LBS IN AIR AND IS ABOUT 0.75 M LONG.
    THE LAB CONSOLES ARE TWO 9" RACKS, EACH ABOUT 22" HIGH.
    THEY WEIGHT ABOUT 100 LBS TOTAL.
    THE FISH TRANSMITS A SWEPT BAND FROM 1 TO 10 KHZ AND
    HAS AN OUTPUT OF ABOUT 200 DB REFERENCED TO 1M.
O)  USGS MULTI-SENSOR CORE LOGGER
    (RADIOACTIVE SOURCE-300 LBS - MUST BE STORED INSIDE)
P)  NASA-AMES ROV (300 LBS) AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT
Q)  PORTABLE AIR COMPRESSOR - IN A CRATE
    ABOUT 4 X 2.5 X 2.5 FEET LEFT ON DECK; ABOUT 120-150 LBS;
    GASOLINE POWERED, WITH ABOUT 5 GALS. OF GASOLINE
R)  500 METERS OF 1/2 INCH WIRE TO SPOOL ON TO BRADEN WINCH
M295MB      EQUIPMENT SUPPLIED BY MCARTHUR:
A)  SHIP'S LAUNCHES AR-3 AND AR-4 EQUIPPED WITH RADIOS,
    300 FT ANCHOR LINES, AND POSITIONING EQUIPMENT
B)  EMERGENCY OXYGEN RETAINED ABOARD MCARTHUR AND
    ABOARD THE LAUNCHES
C)  DEPTH SOUNDER
D)  SCUBA AIR COMPRESSOR AND 8 SCUBA CYLINDERS
E)  WINCHES AND A-FRAMES FOR DEPLOYING CORERS, PLANKTON TRAWLS,
    AND OTHER OVER THE SIDE EQUIPMENT
F)  BATHYMETRIC AND NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT
G)  POSITION LOGS
H)  SEACATS

EQUIPMENT NOTES: sidescansonar with all associated equipment:
         (1m x .3m x .3 m in size, 100 khz frequency, about 90 db output;
         winch occupies a 2 m square foot print on deck.)
         uniboom with all associated equipment
         (a surface-towed sled, 1.5 m square, hand-deployed over the fantail,
         1khz frequency, about 100 db output)
         planktonnet: they consist of metal rings 0,5 or 1.0 meters in diameter
         plus a 2-meter long mesh bag) and associated sampling equipment
         rawinsonde system driftbuoy
         boxcore two box coring systems (big blue which gives a 40 cm by 40 cm
                  sample and a standard nel box corer which gives a 20 cm by 30 cm   
        sample)-
         both weigh about 1500 lbs.
                  sis1000: chirp seismic-reflection profiler with all associated 
        equipment
                  (eg-winch). the chirp system (datasonics cap-6000) fish weighs 300 lbs 
        in
                  air and is about 0.75 m long. the lab consoles are two 9" racks, each 
        about
                  22" high. they weight about 100 lbs total. the fish transmits a swept 
        band
         from 1 to 10 khz and has an output of about 200 db referenced to 1m.
         depthsounder
         planktontrawl
         bathnav: bathymetric and navigation equipment
         seacats
Publications
Reid, J.A., Reid, J.M., Jenkins, C.J., Zimmermann, M., Williams, S.J., and
Field, M.E., 2006, usSEABED: Pacific Coast (California, Oregon, Washington)
offshore surficial-sediment data release, U.S. Geological Survey Data Series
182, version 1.0. Online at:

http://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/2006/182/

Orzech, K.M., Dahl, W.E., and Edwards, B.D., 2001, Core Descriptions, Core Photographs, Physical Property Logs and Surface Textural Data of Sediment Cores Recovered from the Continental Shelf of the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary During Research Cruises M-1-95-MB, P-2-95-MB, and P-1-97-MB, US Geological Survey Openfile report 01-107:
http://geopubs.wr.usgs.gov/open-file/of01-107/

Eittreim, Stephen L., and Noble, Marlene, editors, 2002, Seafloor geology and natural environment of the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary: Marine Geology, v . 181 http://www.sciencedirect.com/
Journals > m > Marine Geology > Volumes 181 - 190 > Volume 181, Issues 1-3

Wong, F.L., and Eittreim, S.L., 2001, Continental Shelf GIS for the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary: U.S. Geological Survey Open-file Report 01-179, 1 CDROM, http://geopubs.wr.usgs.gov/ open-file/of01-179/
Got Help? For M-1-95-MB, we would appreciate any information on -- contract, days at sea, dive count, funding, information specialist, information to be derived, kms of navigation, NGDC Info, organization, owner, ports, project number, scanned materials, seismic description, station count, station description, submersible, tabulated info.
Type Webpage KMZ Arc         Metadata        
Metadata data     txt  data  FAQ  xml
Navigation data nav    
Samples data samp    
Times   060.times    

M-1-95-MB location map of where navigation 

equipment operated
M-1-95-MB location map of where navigation 

equipment operated

 
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