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What does this data set describe?

Title:
Data of field activity P-1-94-AR in Arctic Ocean from 07/25/1994 to 08/30/1994
Abstract:
Chief Scientist: Art Grantz. Data (pistoncore, boxcore) of field activity P-1-94-AR in Arctic Ocean from 07/25/1994 to 08/30/1994, <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/p/p194ar/html/p-1-94-ar.meta.html>.
Supplemental_Information:

Equipment Used -
pistoncore
boxcore
Notes -
(From 8/12/94 USGS Bulletin) August 10,1994. Art Grantz sends the
following progress report: We are working north near 82d N, 175d E doing mainly
biologic studies of the water column, benthic biology, sea ice studies, and
air and upper water column chemistry. The geologic program has been collecting
the required global change piston and box cores, but no seismic data to date.
At least two of our piston cores are about 28 ft. long, but none have reached
bedrock. Erk Reimnitz is having a field day on and in the ice. Sea ice
conditions were moderate early on, but fairly difficult now. However,
satellite imagery suggests that ice conditions are somewhat easier to the
northwest, over Wrangell Abyssal Plain, where we are now headed. We will try
to concentrate our seismic and coring program on prime geologic targets between
85d N and the Pole and 150d and 175d W.
Worked from Point Barrow to the North Pole. Two ships are involved, the U.S.
Coast Guard ship Polar Sea and Canadian Coast Guard ice-breaker Louis S. St.
Laurent. Geologic sampling and seismic reflection studies were conducted in
the55-day expedition across 3,700 miles of Arctic Ocean. Some cores came up
bubbling so they were sealed in pressure vessels to test whether they might
contain gas hydrate.


AOS (Arctic Ocean Section)
Publications -
Cruise Report; the Canada/U.S. 1994 Artic Ocean Section 17 July - 9 September 1994, Onboard the USCGC Polar Star and the CCGS Louis S. St-Laurent, Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.
<br />
<br />
Grantz, Arthur, Clark, D.L., Phillips, R.L., and Srivastava, S.P., 1998, Phanerozoic stratigraphy of Northwind Ridge, magnetic anomalies in the Canada basin, and the geometry and timing of rifting in the Amerasia basin, Artic Ocean, GSA Bulletin, June 1998, no 6, p. 801-820, URL:
<a href ="<http://bulletin.geoscienceworld.org/cgi/reprint/110/6/801>" target ="GSA"><http://bulletin.geoscienceworld.org/cgi/reprint/110/6/801>



Similar information is available for thousands of other USGS/CMG-related Activities.
If known, available are Activity-specific navigation, gravity, magnetics, bathymetry, seismic, and sampling data; track maps; and equipment information; as well as summary overviews, crew lists, and information about analog materials.
If available, access to physical samples is described in the "WR CMG Sample Distribution Policy" at:
<http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/main/sample-dist-policy.html>
Primary access to the USGS/CMG Information Bank's digital data, analog data, and metadata is provided through... <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/>
This page accomodates a variety of search approaches (e.g., by platform, by region, by scientist, by equipment type, etc.).
  1. How should this data set be cited?

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov/>, Coastal and Marine Geology Program (CMGP) <http://marine.usgs.gov/>, 20131029, Data of field activity P-1-94-AR in Arctic Ocean from 07/25/1994 to 08/30/1994: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>, Menlo Park, CA.

    Online Links:

  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?

    West_Bounding_Coordinate: 10.30551
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: -165.42616
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 89.98766
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 64.39064

  3. What does it look like?

  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?

    Beginning_Date: 25-Jul-1994
    Ending_Date: 30-Aug-1994
    Currentness_Reference: ground condition

  5. What is the general form of this data set?

  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?

    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?

      Indirect_Spatial_Reference: Arctic Ocean
      This is a Point data set. It contains the following vector data types (SDTS terminology):
      • Point

    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?

      Horizontal positions are specified in geographic coordinates, that is, latitude and longitude. Latitudes are given to the nearest 0.00001. Longitudes are given to the nearest 0.00001. Latitude and longitude values are specified in Decimal degrees.

      The horizontal datum used is North American Datum of 1983.
      The ellipsoid used is Geodetic Reference System 80.
      The semi-major axis of the ellipsoid used is 6378137.
      The flattening of the ellipsoid used is 1/298.257.

      Vertical_Coordinate_System_Definition:
      Depth_System_Definition:
      Depth_Datum_Name: Local surface
      Depth_Resolution: 0.1
      Depth_Distance_Units: meters
      Depth_Encoding_Method: Attribute values


  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?

    Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
    Bathymetry with Time Stamp <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/definition/bath.html>
    Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
    Navigation with Time Stamp <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/definition/nav.html>
    Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
    Samples with Time Stamp <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/definition/samp.html>
    Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
    "time/lat/long style, multi-record, in caps, without tabs"
    Mnemonic:       "(Year, DayOfYear, UTCHour, Min, Sec, Tenths, Lat, Long, ActivityID, EquipmentType, Depth, DepthUnits, Line, Station, Roll, Comments)  [DAPS]"
    FORTRAN format: "(Year, DayOfYear, UTCHour, Min, Sec, Tenths, Hundredths, Lat, Long, ActivityID, EquipmentType, Depth, DepthUnits, Line, Station, Roll, Comments) [DAPX]"
    C format:       "(i4.4, i3.3, 3i2.2, i1.1, t16, f9.5, t26, f10.5, t37, a, t45, a24, t70, f6.1, t78, a1, t80, a9, t90, a9, t100, a9, t110, a)  [DAPS]"
    Naming:         .onoff.GRAV_EQUIPMENT_TYPE
    


Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)

  2. Who also contributed to the data set?

    Art Grantz (Chief Scientist, USGS Western Region); Pat Hart (Geophysicist, USGS Western Region); Mike Mullen (Geologist, USGS Western Region); Walt Olson (Technician, USGS Western Region); Kevin O'Toole (Technician, USGS Western Region); Larry Phillips (Scientist, USGS Western Region); Fred Payne (Electronics Technician, USGS Western Region); Erk Reimnitz (Scientist, USGS Western Region); Bob Robinson (Unspecified, USGS Western Region); Steve May (Scientist, USGS Western Region)

  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
    Attn: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
    Menlo Park, CA 94025-3561
    USA

    (650) 329-5055 (voice)
    (650) 329-5190 (FAX)
    infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>


Why was the data set created?

These data and information are intended for science researchers, students from elementary through college, policy makers, and general public.


How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?

  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?

    Date: 31-Oct-2000 (process 1 of 2)
    Navigation Data
    Converted to time format with year at start.
    
    

    Person who carried out this activity:

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
    Attn: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
    Menlo Park, CA 94025-3561
    USA

    (650) 329-5055 (voice)
    (650) 329-5190 (FAX)
    infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>

    Date: 31-Oct-1998 (process 2 of 2)
    Bathymetry Data
    10/31/1998  /tiger/p/p194ar/bath/p-1-94-ar.302_050
    /bear/programs/edit/automerge/automerge
    
    Input was...
    Converted to time format with year at start.
    
    03/22/95 CLINT MOG$DUB1:[ARCHIVE.P.P194AR.BATH]P194AR.302;2
    MOG$DUB0:[PROGRAMS.PLT.GRAPHED.EXE]GRAPHED.EXE;
    Raw depth (bathymetry) data
    Deleted significant spikes and sections of constant values.
    
    Input was...
    Converted to time format with year at start.
    
    time, lat, long, time(sec) to nearest nav fix, data values
    

    Person who carried out this activity:

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
    Attn: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
    Menlo Park, CA 94025-3561
    USA

    (650) 329-5055 (voice)
    (650) 329-5190 (FAX)
    infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>

  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>, Unknown, USGS/CMG Information Bank <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/>: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov> Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>, Menlo Park, CA.

    Online Links:

    Other_Citation_Details:
    Cruise Report; the Canada/U.S. 1994 Artic Ocean Section 17 July - 9 September 1994, Onboard the USCGC Polar Star and the CCGS Louis S. St-Laurent, Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. <br /> <br /> Grantz, Arthur, Clark, D.L., Phillips, R.L., and Srivastava, S.P., 1998, Phanerozoic stratigraphy of Northwind Ridge, magnetic anomalies in the Canada basin, and the geometry and timing of rifting in the Amerasia basin, Artic Ocean, GSA Bulletin, June 1998, no 6, p. 801-820, URL: <a href ="<http://bulletin.geoscienceworld.org/cgi/reprint/110/6/801>" target ="GSA"><http://bulletin.geoscienceworld.org/cgi/reprint/110/6/801>




How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?

    Identified as best available version.

  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?

    Unspecified

  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?

    Unspecified

  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?

    Start and end date/times of data

    Navigation Data (p-1-94-ar.050 [SINS])
    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    199407250440000    199407250445000
    199407250500000    199407250605000
    199407251435000    199407261810000
    199407261835000    199407280725000
    199407280735000    199407282100000
    199407282110000    199407290435000
    199407290535000    199407300840000
    199407301145000    199408011000000
    199408011630000    199408011720000
    199408011800000    199408021000000
    199408021015000    199408041420000
    199408041430000    199408050840000
    199408050855000    199408051140000
    199408051155000    199408082230000
    199408082245000    199408090050000
    199408090100000    199408090425000
    199408090440000    199408091000000
    199408091010000    199408091700000
    199408091800000    199408101250000
    199408101350000    199408110830000
    199408110840000    199408111210000
    199408111230000    199408111640000
    199408111650000    199408111710000
    199408111720000    199408111805000
    199408111815000    199408120505000
    199408120515000    199408130635000
    199408140005000    199408140835000
    199408140845000    199408141235000
    199408141700000    199408141700000
    199408141710000    199408151120000
    199408151140000    199408170610000
    199408170650000    199408190330000
    199408190355000    199408192355000
    199408200005000    199408212355000
    199408220015000    199408222310000
    199408230130000    199408250000000
    199408250015000    199408251610000
    199408251635000    199408270000000
    199408270800000    199408300000000
    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    Bathymetry Data (p-1-94-ar.302_050)
    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    199407251930000    199407251930000
    199407252205000    199407252330000
    199407260145000    199407260235000
    199407260250000    199407260255000
    199407261805000    199407261805000
    199407261850000    199407261905000
    199407261915000    199407262025000
    199407262035000    199407262145000
    199407262210000    199407262330000
    199407262340000    199407270000000
    199407270025000    199407270345000
    199407270525000    199407280725000
    199407280735000    199407280920000
    199407280930000    199407281455000
    199407281505000    199407282100000
    199407282110000    199407282250000
    199407282300000    199407290435000
    199407290535000    199407290705000
    199407291235000    199407291250000
    199407291625000    199407300840000
    199407301145000    199407301235000
    199407301925000    199407311245000
    199407311255000    199407311305000
    199407311345000    199408011000000
    199408011630000    199408011720000
    199408011800000    199408020945000
    199408020955000    199408021000000
    199408021015000    199408021115000
    199408021125000    199408041420000
    199408041430000    199408050840000
    199408050855000    199408051140000
    199408051155000    199408060745000
    199408060755000    199408061125000
    199408061135000    199408080325000
    199408080335000    199408082230000
    199408082245000    199408090030000
    199408090040000    199408090050000
    199408090100000    199408090425000
    199408090440000    199408091000000
    199408091010000    199408091700000
    199408092020000    199408100840000
    199408100850000    199408100900000
    199408100915000    199408101250000
    199408101350000    199408102230000
    199408102240000    199408102240000
    199408102255000    199408110830000
    199408110840000    199408111210000
    199408111230000    199408111800000
    199408111815000    199408111820000
    199408111830000    199408120505000
    199408120515000    199408120630000
    199408120640000    199408120730000
    199408120740000    199408121015000
    199408121025000    199408121610000
    199408121620000    199408121810000
    199408121820000    199408121925000
    199408121935000    199408122005000
    199408122020000    199408122030000
    199408122050000    199408122105000
    199408122115000    199408122115000
    199408122130000    199408122150000
    199408122200000    199408122220000
    199408122230000    199408122315000
    199408122325000    199408122330000
    199408122340000    199408122345000
    199408122355000    199408130000000
    199408130020000    199408130025000
    199408130035000    199408130045000
    199408130055000    199408130055000
    199408130105000    199408130105000
    199408130115000    199408130115000
    199408130125000    199408130125000
    199408130135000    199408130135000
    199408130150000    199408130155000
    199408130210000    199408130230000
    199408130240000    199408130635000
    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    

  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?

    Unspecified


How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?

Access_Constraints:
Physical materials are under controlled on-site access.
If available, access to physical samples is described in the "WR CMG Sample Distribution Policy" at: <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/main/sample-dist-policy.html>
Use_Constraints:
Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as the source of this information.
Physical materials are under controlled on-site access.
Some USGS information accessed through this means may be preliminary in nature and presented without the approval of the Director of the USGS. This information is provided with the understanding that it is not guaranteed to be correct or complete and conclusions drawn from such information are the responsibility of the user.
This information is not intended for navigational purposes.
Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
    Attn: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
    Menlo Park, CA 94025-3561
    USA

    (650) 329-5055 (voice)
    (650) 329-5190 (FAX)
    infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>

  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set?

    Downloadable Data P-1-94-AR data set <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/p/p194ar/html/p-1-94-ar.meta.html>

  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?

    Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as the source of this information.
    Physical materials are under controlled on-site access.
    Some USGS information accessed through this means may be preliminary in nature and presented without the approval of the Director of the USGS. This information is provided with the understanding that it is not guaranteed to be correct or complete and conclusions drawn from such information are the responsibility of the user.
    This information is not intended for navigational purposes.
    Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

  4. How can I download or order the data?

    • Availability in digital form:

Data format: ASCII Size: 0.3
Network links: <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/p/p194ar/html/p-1-94-ar.nav.html>

Data format: ASCII Size: 0.3
Network links: <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/p/p194ar/html/p-1-94-ar.bath.html>

  • Cost to order the data: None


  • Who wrote the metadata?

    Dates:
    Last modified: 29-Oct-2013
    Metadata author:
    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
    Attn: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
    Menlo Park, CA 94025-3561
    USA

    (650) 329-5055 (voice)
    (650) 329-5190 (FAX)
    infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>

    Metadata standard:
    FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata <http://www.fgdc.gov/> (FGDC-STD-001-1998 <http://www.its.nbs.gov/nbs/meta/meta.html>)


    Generated by mp version 2.9.13 on Tue Oct 29 14:50:19 2013