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Data of field activity P-1-94-AR in Arctic Ocean from 07/25/1994 to 08/30/1994

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Identification_Information:

Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov/>, Coastal and Marine Geology Program (CMGP) <http://marine.usgs.gov/>
Publication_Date: 20131029
Title:
Data of field activity P-1-94-AR in Arctic Ocean from 07/25/1994 to 08/30/1994
Publication_Information:
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
Publication_Place: Menlo Park, CA
Online_Linkage: <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/gos/p-1-94-ar.fmeta.xml>
Online_Linkage:
<http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/p/p194ar/html/p-1-94-ar.meta.html>

Description:
Abstract:
Chief Scientist: Art Grantz. Data (pistoncore, boxcore) of field activity P-1-94-AR in Arctic Ocean from 07/25/1994 to 08/30/1994, <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/p/p194ar/html/p-1-94-ar.meta.html>.
Purpose:
These data and information are intended for science researchers, students from elementary through college, policy makers, and general public.
Supplemental_Information:

Equipment Used -
pistoncore
boxcore
Notes -
(From 8/12/94 USGS Bulletin) August 10,1994. Art Grantz sends the
following progress report: We are working north near 82d N, 175d E doing mainly
biologic studies of the water column, benthic biology, sea ice studies, and
air and upper water column chemistry. The geologic program has been collecting
the required global change piston and box cores, but no seismic data to date.
At least two of our piston cores are about 28 ft. long, but none have reached
bedrock. Erk Reimnitz is having a field day on and in the ice. Sea ice
conditions were moderate early on, but fairly difficult now. However,
satellite imagery suggests that ice conditions are somewhat easier to the
northwest, over Wrangell Abyssal Plain, where we are now headed. We will try
to concentrate our seismic and coring program on prime geologic targets between
85d N and the Pole and 150d and 175d W.
Worked from Point Barrow to the North Pole. Two ships are involved, the U.S.
Coast Guard ship Polar Sea and Canadian Coast Guard ice-breaker Louis S. St.
Laurent. Geologic sampling and seismic reflection studies were conducted in
the55-day expedition across 3,700 miles of Arctic Ocean. Some cores came up
bubbling so they were sealed in pressure vessels to test whether they might
contain gas hydrate.


AOS (Arctic Ocean Section)
Publications -
Cruise Report; the Canada/U.S. 1994 Artic Ocean Section 17 July - 9 September 1994, Onboard the USCGC Polar Star and the CCGS Louis S. St-Laurent, Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.
<br />
<br />
Grantz, Arthur, Clark, D.L., Phillips, R.L., and Srivastava, S.P., 1998, Phanerozoic stratigraphy of Northwind Ridge, magnetic anomalies in the Canada basin, and the geometry and timing of rifting in the Amerasia basin, Artic Ocean, GSA Bulletin, June 1998, no 6, p. 801-820, URL:
<a href ="<http://bulletin.geoscienceworld.org/cgi/reprint/110/6/801>" target ="GSA"><http://bulletin.geoscienceworld.org/cgi/reprint/110/6/801>



Similar information is available for thousands of other USGS/CMG-related Activities.
If known, available are Activity-specific navigation, gravity, magnetics, bathymetry, seismic, and sampling data; track maps; and equipment information; as well as summary overviews, crew lists, and information about analog materials.
If available, access to physical samples is described in the "WR CMG Sample Distribution Policy" at:
<http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/main/sample-dist-policy.html>
Primary access to the USGS/CMG Information Bank's digital data, analog data, and metadata is provided through... <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/>
This page accomodates a variety of search approaches (e.g., by platform, by region, by scientist, by equipment type, etc.).
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19940725
Ending_Date: 19940830

Currentness_Reference: ground condition

Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed

Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: 10.30551
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -165.42616
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 89.98766
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 64.39064

Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: geoscientificinformation
Theme_Keyword: oceans
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: Global Change Master Directory (GCMD)
Theme_Keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS CMG InfoBank
Theme_Keyword: Marine Geology
Theme_Keyword: Bathymetry
Theme_Keyword: Water Depth
Theme_Keyword: Seafloor Topography

Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS CMG InfoBank
Place_Keyword: AK
Place_Keyword: Alaska
Place_Keyword: Arctic
Place_Keyword: Arctic Ocean
Place_Keyword: Northern Hemisphere


Access_Constraints:
Physical materials are under controlled on-site access.
If available, access to physical samples is described in the "WR CMG Sample Distribution Policy" at: <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/main/sample-dist-policy.html>
Use_Constraints:
Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as the source of this information.
Physical materials are under controlled on-site access.
Some USGS information accessed through this means may be preliminary in nature and presented without the approval of the Director of the USGS. This information is provided with the understanding that it is not guaranteed to be correct or complete and conclusions drawn from such information are the responsibility of the user.
This information is not intended for navigational purposes.
Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
Contact_Person: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>

Contact_Position:
InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>

Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
City: Menlo Park
State_or_Province: CA
Postal_Code: 94025-3561
Country: USA

Contact_Voice_Telephone: (650) 329-5055
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (650) 329-5190

Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address:
infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>


Data_Set_Credit:
Art Grantz (Chief Scientist, USGS Western Region); Pat Hart (Geophysicist, USGS Western Region); Mike Mullen (Geologist, USGS Western Region); Walt Olson (Technician, USGS Western Region); Kevin O'Toole (Technician, USGS Western Region); Larry Phillips (Scientist, USGS Western Region); Fred Payne (Electronics Technician, USGS Western Region); Erk Reimnitz (Scientist, USGS Western Region); Bob Robinson (Unspecified, USGS Western Region); Steve May (Scientist, USGS Western Region)
Native_Data_Set_Environment: Digital, ASCII
Cross_Reference:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
Publication_Date: Unknown
Title: USGS/CMG Information Bank <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/>
Publication_Information:
Publisher:
U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov> Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
Publication_Place: Menlo Park, CA
Online_Linkage: <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/>
Other_Citation_Details:
Cruise Report; the Canada/U.S. 1994 Artic Ocean Section 17 July - 9 September 1994, Onboard the USCGC Polar Star and the CCGS Louis S. St-Laurent, Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. <br /> <br /> Grantz, Arthur, Clark, D.L., Phillips, R.L., and Srivastava, S.P., 1998, Phanerozoic stratigraphy of Northwind Ridge, magnetic anomalies in the Canada basin, and the geometry and timing of rifting in the Amerasia basin, Artic Ocean, GSA Bulletin, June 1998, no 6, p. 801-820, URL: <a href ="<http://bulletin.geoscienceworld.org/cgi/reprint/110/6/801>" target ="GSA"><http://bulletin.geoscienceworld.org/cgi/reprint/110/6/801>




Data_Quality_Information:

Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report: Identified as best available version.

Logical_Consistency_Report: Unspecified

Completeness_Report:
Start and end date/times of data
Navigation Data (p-1-94-ar.050 [SINS])
YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
199407250440000    199407250445000
199407250500000    199407250605000
199407251435000    199407261810000
199407261835000    199407280725000
199407280735000    199407282100000
199407282110000    199407290435000
199407290535000    199407300840000
199407301145000    199408011000000
199408011630000    199408011720000
199408011800000    199408021000000
199408021015000    199408041420000
199408041430000    199408050840000
199408050855000    199408051140000
199408051155000    199408082230000
199408082245000    199408090050000
199408090100000    199408090425000
199408090440000    199408091000000
199408091010000    199408091700000
199408091800000    199408101250000
199408101350000    199408110830000
199408110840000    199408111210000
199408111230000    199408111640000
199408111650000    199408111710000
199408111720000    199408111805000
199408111815000    199408120505000
199408120515000    199408130635000
199408140005000    199408140835000
199408140845000    199408141235000
199408141700000    199408141700000
199408141710000    199408151120000
199408151140000    199408170610000
199408170650000    199408190330000
199408190355000    199408192355000
199408200005000    199408212355000
199408220015000    199408222310000
199408230130000    199408250000000
199408250015000    199408251610000
199408251635000    199408270000000
199408270800000    199408300000000
YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
Bathymetry Data (p-1-94-ar.302_050)
YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
199407251930000    199407251930000
199407252205000    199407252330000
199407260145000    199407260235000
199407260250000    199407260255000
199407261805000    199407261805000
199407261850000    199407261905000
199407261915000    199407262025000
199407262035000    199407262145000
199407262210000    199407262330000
199407262340000    199407270000000
199407270025000    199407270345000
199407270525000    199407280725000
199407280735000    199407280920000
199407280930000    199407281455000
199407281505000    199407282100000
199407282110000    199407282250000
199407282300000    199407290435000
199407290535000    199407290705000
199407291235000    199407291250000
199407291625000    199407300840000
199407301145000    199407301235000
199407301925000    199407311245000
199407311255000    199407311305000
199407311345000    199408011000000
199408011630000    199408011720000
199408011800000    199408020945000
199408020955000    199408021000000
199408021015000    199408021115000
199408021125000    199408041420000
199408041430000    199408050840000
199408050855000    199408051140000
199408051155000    199408060745000
199408060755000    199408061125000
199408061135000    199408080325000
199408080335000    199408082230000
199408082245000    199408090030000
199408090040000    199408090050000
199408090100000    199408090425000
199408090440000    199408091000000
199408091010000    199408091700000
199408092020000    199408100840000
199408100850000    199408100900000
199408100915000    199408101250000
199408101350000    199408102230000
199408102240000    199408102240000
199408102255000    199408110830000
199408110840000    199408111210000
199408111230000    199408111800000
199408111815000    199408111820000
199408111830000    199408120505000
199408120515000    199408120630000
199408120640000    199408120730000
199408120740000    199408121015000
199408121025000    199408121610000
199408121620000    199408121810000
199408121820000    199408121925000
199408121935000    199408122005000
199408122020000    199408122030000
199408122050000    199408122105000
199408122115000    199408122115000
199408122130000    199408122150000
199408122200000    199408122220000
199408122230000    199408122315000
199408122325000    199408122330000
199408122340000    199408122345000
199408122355000    199408130000000
199408130020000    199408130025000
199408130035000    199408130045000
199408130055000    199408130055000
199408130105000    199408130105000
199408130115000    199408130115000
199408130125000    199408130125000
199408130135000    199408130135000
199408130150000    199408130155000
199408130210000    199408130230000
199408130240000    199408130635000
YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report: Unspecified

Vertical_Positional_Accuracy:
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Report: Unspecified

Lineage:

Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Navigation Data
Converted to time format with year at start.

Process_Date: 20001031

Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
Contact_Person: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>

Contact_Position:
InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>

Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
City: Menlo Park
State_or_Province: CA
Postal_Code: 94025-3561
Country: USA

Contact_Voice_Telephone: (650) 329-5055
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (650) 329-5190

Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address:
infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>

Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Bathymetry Data
10/31/1998  /tiger/p/p194ar/bath/p-1-94-ar.302_050
/bear/programs/edit/automerge/automerge

Input was...
Converted to time format with year at start.

03/22/95 CLINT MOG$DUB1:[ARCHIVE.P.P194AR.BATH]P194AR.302;2
MOG$DUB0:[PROGRAMS.PLT.GRAPHED.EXE]GRAPHED.EXE;
Raw depth (bathymetry) data
Deleted significant spikes and sections of constant values.

Input was...
Converted to time format with year at start.

time, lat, long, time(sec) to nearest nav fix, data values
Process_Date: 19981031

Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
Contact_Person: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>

Contact_Position:
InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>

Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
City: Menlo Park
State_or_Province: CA
Postal_Code: 94025-3561
Country: USA

Contact_Voice_Telephone: (650) 329-5055
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (650) 329-5190

Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address:
infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>



Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:

Indirect_Spatial_Reference: Arctic Ocean
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Point

Point_and_Vector_Object_Information:
SDTS_Terms_Description:
SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type: Point



Spatial_Reference_Information:

Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Geographic:
Latitude_Resolution: 0.00001
Longitude_Resolution: 0.00001
Geographic_Coordinate_Units: Decimal degrees

Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 80
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257

Vertical_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Depth_System_Definition:
Depth_Datum_Name: Local surface
Depth_Resolution: 0.1
Depth_Distance_Units: meters
Depth_Encoding_Method: Attribute values



Entity_and_Attribute_Information:

Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Bathymetry with Time Stamp <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/definition/bath.html>

Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Navigation with Time Stamp <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/definition/nav.html>

Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
Samples with Time Stamp <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/definition/samp.html>
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
"time/lat/long style, multi-record, in caps, without tabs"
Mnemonic:       "(Year, DayOfYear, UTCHour, Min, Sec, Tenths, Lat, Long, ActivityID, EquipmentType, Depth, DepthUnits, Line, Station, Roll, Comments)  [DAPS]"
FORTRAN format: "(Year, DayOfYear, UTCHour, Min, Sec, Tenths, Hundredths, Lat, Long, ActivityID, EquipmentType, Depth, DepthUnits, Line, Station, Roll, Comments) [DAPX]"
C format:       "(i4.4, i3.3, 3i2.2, i1.1, t16, f9.5, t26, f10.5, t37, a, t45, a24, t70, f6.1, t78, a1, t80, a9, t90, a9, t100, a9, t110, a)  [DAPS]"
Naming:         .onoff.GRAV_EQUIPMENT_TYPE

Distribution_Information:

Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
Contact_Person: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>

Contact_Position:
InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>

Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
City: Menlo Park
State_or_Province: CA
Postal_Code: 94025-3561
Country: USA

Contact_Voice_Telephone: (650) 329-5055
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (650) 329-5190

Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address:
infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>

Resource_Description:
Downloadable Data P-1-94-AR data set <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/p/p194ar/html/p-1-94-ar.meta.html>

Distribution_Liability:
Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as the source of this information.
Physical materials are under controlled on-site access.
Some USGS information accessed through this means may be preliminary in nature and presented without the approval of the Director of the USGS. This information is provided with the understanding that it is not guaranteed to be correct or complete and conclusions drawn from such information are the responsibility of the user.
This information is not intended for navigational purposes.
Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ASCII
File_Decompression_Technique: No compression applied
Transfer_Size: 0.3

Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
<http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/p/p194ar/html/p-1-94-ar.nav.html>

Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: ASCII
File_Decompression_Technique: No compression applied
Transfer_Size: 0.3

Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:
<http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/p/p194ar/html/p-1-94-ar.bath.html>

Fees: None



Metadata_Reference_Information:

Metadata_Date: 20131029

Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
Contact_Person: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>

Contact_Position:
InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>

Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing and physical address
Address: USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
City: Menlo Park
State_or_Province: CA
Postal_Code: 94025-3561
Country: USA

Contact_Voice_Telephone: (650) 329-5055
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (650) 329-5190

Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address:
infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>

Metadata_Standard_Name:
FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata <http://www.fgdc.gov/>

Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998 <http://www.its.nbs.gov/nbs/meta/meta.html>

Metadata_Time_Convention: universal time
Metadata_Access_Constraints: none
Metadata_Use_Constraints: none


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