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What does this data set describe?

Title:
Geophysical data of field activity S-9-78-BS in Bering Sea from 08/31/1978 to 09/27/1978
Abstract:
Chief Scientists: Keith Kvenvolden, Hans Nelson. Geophysical data (uniboom, 3dot5khz, vibratingcore, underwatertelevision, sidescansonar, miniranger, tempsalinometer, sparker, 12khz, 200khz7khz, underwatercamera, Hydroproducts, LoranC, radar, transitsatellite, VanVeengrab, VanDornbottle, airgun) of field activity S-9-78-BS in Bering Sea from 08/31/1978 to 09/27/1978, <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/s/s978bs/html/s-9-78-bs.meta.html>.
Supplemental_Information:

Equipment Used -
uniboom
3dot5khz 3.5 khz bathymetry
vibratingcore
underwatertelevision video camera
sidescansonar
miniranger
tempsalinometer thermo-salinity meter
sparker
12khz
200khz7khz
underwatercamera
Hydroproducts
LoranC
radar
transitsatellite
VanVeengrab
VanDornbottle
airgun
Publications -
Redden, G.D., Rapp, J.B., and Kvenvolden, K.A., 1979, Gases in sediments of Norton Sound,
Alaska: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 11, no. 3, p. 123-124. <BR>
<HR>
Nelson, H., Thor, D.R., Sandstrom, M.W., and Kvenvolden, K.E., 1979, Modern biogenic gas-generated
craters (sea-floor "pockmarks") on the Bering Shelf, Alaska [modified]: Geological Society of
America Bulletin, v. 90, no. 12, p. I 1144-I 1152.<BR>
<HR>
Kvenvolden, K.A., Weliky, K., Nelson, H., and Des Marais, D.J., 1979, Submarine seep of carbon
dioxide in Norton Sound, Alaska: Science, v. 205, no. 4412, p. 1264-1266. <BR>
<HR>
Kvenvolden, K.A., Nelson, C.H., Thor, D.R., Larsen, M.C., Redden, G.D., Rapp, J.B.,
and Des Marais, D.J., 1979, Biogenic and thermogenic gas in gas-charged sediment of Norton
Sound, Alaska: Offshore Technology Conference Proceedings, no. 11, v. 1, p. 479-486. <BR>
<HR>
Molnia, B.F., Carlson, P.R., and Kvenvolden, K.A., 1979, Gas-charged sediment areas in the
northern Gulf of Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1150, p. 152-153.<BR>
<HR>
1980-013298
Nelson, C.H., Kvenvolden, K.A., and Thor, D.R., 1979, Seafloor thermogenic gas seep, Norton Sound:
U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1150, p. 154-155.<BR>
<HR>
Kvenvolden, Keith A., and Claypool, George E., 1980, Origin of gasoline-range hydrocarbons
and their migration by solution in carbon dioxide in Norton Basin, Alaska: American Association
of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 64, no. 7, p. 1078-1086.<BR>
<HR>
Kvenvolden, Keith A., Redden, George D., Thor, Devin R., and Nelson, C. Hans, 1980, Hydrocarbon
gases in near-surface sediment of the northern Bering Sea, in Hood, Donald W., and Calder,
John A., eds., The eastern Bering Sea Shelf; oceanography and resources; Volume one: National
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Office of Marine Pollution Assessment, p. 411-424.<BR>

Similar information is available for thousands of other USGS/CMG-related Activities.
If known, available are Activity-specific navigation, gravity, magnetics, bathymetry, seismic, and sampling data; track maps; and equipment information; as well as summary overviews, crew lists, and information about analog materials.
If available, access to physical samples is described in the "WR CMG Sample Distribution Policy" at: <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/main/sample-dist-policy.html>
Primary access to the USGS/CMG Information Bank's digital data, analog data, and metadata is provided through... <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/>
This page accomodates a variety of search approaches (e.g., by platform, by region, by scientist, by equipment type, etc.).
  1. How should this data set be cited?

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov/>, Coastal and Marine Geology Program (CMGP) <http://marine.usgs.gov/>, 20131029, Geophysical data of field activity S-9-78-BS in Bering Sea from 08/31/1978 to 09/27/1978: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>, Menlo Park, CA.

    Online Links:

  2. What geographic area does the data set cover?

    West_Bounding_Coordinate: -170.43529
    East_Bounding_Coordinate: -161.65865
    North_Bounding_Coordinate: 65.35889
    South_Bounding_Coordinate: 61.88951

  3. What does it look like?

  4. Does the data set describe conditions during a particular time period?

    Beginning_Date: 31-Aug-1978
    Ending_Date: 27-Sep-1978
    Currentness_Reference: ground condition

  5. What is the general form of this data set?

  6. How does the data set represent geographic features?

    1. How are geographic features stored in the data set?

      Indirect_Spatial_Reference: Bering Sea
      This is a Point data set. It contains the following vector data types (SDTS terminology):
      • Point

    2. What coordinate system is used to represent geographic features?

      Horizontal positions are specified in geographic coordinates, that is, latitude and longitude. Latitudes are given to the nearest 0.00001. Longitudes are given to the nearest 0.00001. Latitude and longitude values are specified in Decimal degrees.

      The horizontal datum used is North American Datum of 1927.
      The ellipsoid used is Clarke 1866.
      The semi-major axis of the ellipsoid used is 6378206.4.
      The flattening of the ellipsoid used is 1/294.98.

      Vertical_Coordinate_System_Definition:
      Depth_System_Definition:
      Depth_Datum_Name: Local surface
      Depth_Resolution: 0.1
      Depth_Distance_Units: meters
      Depth_Encoding_Method: Attribute values


  7. How does the data set describe geographic features?

    Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
    Bathymetry with Time Stamp <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/definition/bath.html>
    Entity_and_Attribute_Overview:
    Navigation with Time Stamp <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/definition/nav.html>


Who produced the data set?

  1. Who are the originators of the data set? (may include formal authors, digital compilers, and editors)

  2. Who also contributed to the data set?

    Roland Brady (Mechanical Technician); Ed Clukey (Unsp Investigatr, USGS Western Region); Drew Comer (Geophysicist); Jon Erickson (Mechanical Technician, USGS Western Region); Helen Gibbons (Navigator, USGS Western Region); Margaret Goud (Navigator); Ellen Grybeck (Geophysicist); Marv Iverson (Unsp Investigatr, Sdieg); Keith Kvenvolden (Chief Scientist, USGS Western Region); John Laingor (Chief Mate); Matt Larsen (Dafe Curator, USGS Western Region); Carol Madison (Navigator, USGS Western Region); Hans Nelson (Chief Scientist, USGS Western Region); Tor Nilsen (Geologist, USGS Western Region); Hal Olsen (Unsp Investigatr); Audrey Parker (Watchstander); John Rapp (Geochemist); George Redden (Geochemist); John Saladin (Electronics Technician); Ron Schmitz (Electronics Technician); Ken Simpson (Ship Captain); Bill Soule (Chief Engineer); John Southard (Geologist, MIT); Devin Thor (Geologist); Bob Wilson (Mechanical Technician, USGS Western Region)

  3. To whom should users address questions about the data?

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
    Attn: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
    Menlo Park, CA 94025-3561
    USA

    (650) 329-5055 (voice)
    (650) 329-5190 (FAX)
    infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>


Why was the data set created?

These data and information are intended for science researchers, students from elementary through college, policy makers, and general public.


How was the data set created?

  1. From what previous works were the data drawn?

  2. How were the data generated, processed, and modified?

    Date: 06-Dec-1995 (process 1 of 2)
    Navigation Data
    Converted to time format with year at start.
    
    01/21/86 KAYE DUA0:[DATA.S978WG.N]S978BS.011;
    DRB0:[DRS.REFMT]REFORMAT.EXE;5
    
    

    Person who carried out this activity:

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
    Attn: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
    Menlo Park, CA 94025-3561
    USA

    (650) 329-5055 (voice)
    (650) 329-5190 (FAX)
    infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>

    Date: 31-Oct-1998 (process 2 of 2)
    Bathymetry Data
    10/31/1998  /tiger/s/s978bs/bath/s-9-78-bs.301_011
    /bear/programs/edit/automerge/automerge
    
    Input was...
    Converted to time format with year at start.
    
    12/19/85 BECKIE DISK$USERDISK:[BECKIE.TEMP]S978BS.301;
    DRB0:[DRS.REFMT]REFORMAT.EXE;5
    I believe this file to be unedited digitrack bathy
    desampled to 15 minutes.
    
    Input was...
    Converted to time format with year at start.
    
    01/21/86 KAYE DUA0:[DATA.S978WG.N]S978BS.011;
    DRB0:[DRS.REFMT]REFORMAT.EXE;5
    
    time, lat, long, time(sec) to nearest nav fix, data values
    

    Person who carried out this activity:

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
    Attn: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
    Menlo Park, CA 94025-3561
    USA

    (650) 329-5055 (voice)
    (650) 329-5190 (FAX)
    infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>

  3. What similar or related data should the user be aware of?

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>, Unknown, USGS/CMG Information Bank <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/>: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov> Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>, Menlo Park, CA.

    Online Links:

    Other_Citation_Details:
    Redden, G.D., Rapp, J.B., and Kvenvolden, K.A., 1979, Gases in sediments of Norton Sound, Alaska: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 11, no. 3, p. 123-124. Nelson, H., Thor, D.R., Sandstrom, M.W., and Kvenvolden, K.E., 1979, Modern biogenic gas-generated craters (sea-floor "pockmarks") on the Bering Shelf, Alaska [modified]: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 90, no. 12, p. I 1144-I 1152. Kvenvolden, K.A., Weliky, K., Nelson, H., and Des Marais, D.J., 1979, Submarine seep of carbon dioxide in Norton Sound, Alaska: Science, v. 205, no. 4412, p. 1264-1266. Kvenvolden, K.A., Nelson, C.H., Thor, D.R., Larsen, M.C., Redden, G.D., Rapp, J.B., and Des Marais, D.J., 1979, Biogenic and thermogenic gas in gas-charged sediment of Norton Sound, Alaska: Offshore Technology Conference Proceedings, no. 11, v. 1, p. 479-486. Molnia, B.F., Carlson, P.R., and Kvenvolden, K.A., 1979, Gas-charged sediment areas in the northern Gulf of Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1150, p. 152-153. 1980-013298 Nelson, C.H., Kvenvolden, K.A., and Thor, D.R., 1979, Seafloor thermogenic gas seep, Norton Sound: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1150, p. 154-155. Kvenvolden, Keith A., and Claypool, George E., 1980, Origin of gasoline-range hydrocarbons and their migration by solution in carbon dioxide in Norton Basin, Alaska: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 64, no. 7, p. 1078-1086. Kvenvolden, Keith A., Redden, George D., Thor, Devin R., and Nelson, C. Hans, 1980, Hydrocarbon gases in near-surface sediment of the northern Bering Sea, in Hood, Donald W., and Calder, John A., eds., The eastern Bering Sea Shelf; oceanography and resources; Volume one: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Office of Marine Pollution Assessment, p. 411-424.



How reliable are the data; what problems remain in the data set?

  1. How well have the observations been checked?

    Identified as best available version.

  2. How accurate are the geographic locations?

    Unspecified

  3. How accurate are the heights or depths?

    Unspecified

  4. Where are the gaps in the data? What is missing?

    Start and end date/times of data

    Navigation Data (s-9-78-bs.011 [DRS])
    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    197808310011120    197809101352060
    197809101406080    197809101410060
    197809101426050    197809101456060
    197809101508060    197809101630080
    197809101645380    197809101653380
    197809101704080    197809101709410
    197809101725410    197809101731400
    197809101743400    197809101749400
    197809101805400    197809110312060
    197809110523020    197809110539010
    197809110645410    197809110731020
    197809110927180    197809120025320
    197809120409350    197809120409350
    197809120449350    197809120909380
    197809120920100    197809121140140
    197809150912480    197809152318120
    197809160147020    197809160410070
    197809160420090    197809160532080
    197809160958470    197809161928030
    197809170808090    197809171238100
    197809171251060    197809171337220
    197809171347370    197809172001070
    197809172259100    197809180005120
    197809180223140    197809180331140
    197809180523170    197809181952050
    197809182123060    197809190124050
    197809190137530    197809190522090
    197809190855220    197809190950070
    197809191017110    197809191017110
    197809191032150    197809191048100
    197809191103420    197809191600030
    197809192010310    197809192107030
    197809192158420    197809192210440
    197809192232030    197809200248130
    197809200300130    197809200715170
    197809200726170    197809212341020
    197809212353020    197809221806130
    197809222300140    197809230113490
    197809230332050    197809230528040
    197809230800070    197809232006070
    197809232212050    197809252339350
    197809252359340    197809260243460
    197809260305460    197809261731540
    197809261751550    197809262125140
    197809262135150    197809270247180
    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    Bathymetry Data (s-9-78-bs.301_011)
    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    197808310011120    197808310634330
    197808311135020    197808311936060
    197808312316020    197809010052020
    197809011007210    197809011855010
    197809012055380    197809012126570
    197809020638330    197809030433150
    197809030453230    197809030541230
    197809030933070    197809031925050
    197809031949060    197809032245070
    197809040041260    197809040353390
    197809040721150    197809041127090
    197809041149100    197809050141090
    197809050203090    197809050306380
    197809050705050    197809070244010
    197809071432290    197809072024040
    197809080231070    197809080439060
    197809081101040    197809081101040
    197809081124080    197809081436090
    197809081456110    197809081840100
    197809090654100    197809090953150
    197809091028080    197809091131050
    197809091205080    197809091517170
    197809091539530    197809091611200
    197809100041260    197809100600290
    197809100620310    197809100808300
    197809100832300    197809100958310
    197809101020310    197809101036310
    197809101100330    197809101340040
    197809101406080    197809101444060
    197809101508060    197809101704080
    197809101725410    197809101743400
    197809101805400    197809110312060
    197809110523020    197809110539010
    197809110645410    197809110717020
    197809110927180    197809120025320
    197809120409350    197809120857380
    197809120920100    197809121130120
    197809150912480    197809151537050
    197809151559050    197809152308120
    197809160147020    197809160356070
    197809160420090    197809160524070
    197809160958470    197809161326040
    197809161350030    197809161926030
    197809170808090    197809171327230
    197809171347370    197809171957070
    197809172259100    197809180003130
    197809180223140    197809180327140
    197809180523170    197809181948050
    197809182123060    197809190124050
    197809190145280    197809190519090
    197809190855220    197809190944070
    197809191017110    197809191554030
    197809192010310    197809192058550
    197809192158420    197809192158420
    197809192232030    197809200236130
    197809200300130    197809212331020
    197809212353020    197809221804130
    197809222300140    197809230108040
    197809230332050    197809230524040
    197809230800070    197809231959290
    197809232212050    197809252335350
    197809252359340    197809260239360
    197809260305460    197809261729540
    197809261751550    197809270241180
    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST    YYYYMMDDHHMMSST
    

  5. How consistent are the relationships among the observations, including topology?

    Unspecified


How can someone get a copy of the data set?

Are there legal restrictions on access or use of the data?

Access_Constraints:
Physical materials are under controlled on-site access.
If available, access to physical samples is described in the "WR CMG Sample Distribution Policy" at: <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/programs/html/main/sample-dist-policy.html>
Use_Constraints:
Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as the source of this information.
Physical materials are under controlled on-site access.
Some USGS information accessed through this means may be preliminary in nature and presented without the approval of the Director of the USGS. This information is provided with the understanding that it is not guaranteed to be correct or complete and conclusions drawn from such information are the responsibility of the user.
This information is not intended for navigational purposes.
Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

  1. Who distributes the data set? (Distributor 1 of 1)

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
    Attn: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
    Menlo Park, CA 94025-3561
    USA

    (650) 329-5055 (voice)
    (650) 329-5190 (FAX)
    infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>

  2. What's the catalog number I need to order this data set?

    Downloadable Data S-9-78-BS data set <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/s/s978bs/html/s-9-78-bs.meta.html>

  3. What legal disclaimers am I supposed to read?

    Please recognize the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as the source of this information.
    Physical materials are under controlled on-site access.
    Some USGS information accessed through this means may be preliminary in nature and presented without the approval of the Director of the USGS. This information is provided with the understanding that it is not guaranteed to be correct or complete and conclusions drawn from such information are the responsibility of the user.
    This information is not intended for navigational purposes.
    Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

  4. How can I download or order the data?

    • Availability in digital form:

Data format: ASCII Size: 0.5
Network links: <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/s/s978bs/html/s-9-78-bs.nav.html>

Data format: ASCII Size: 0.1
Network links: <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/infobank/s/s978bs/html/s-9-78-bs.bath.html>

  • Cost to order the data: None


  • Who wrote the metadata?

    Dates:
    Last modified: 29-Oct-2013
    Metadata author:
    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) <http://www.usgs.gov>, Coastal and Marine Geology (CMG) <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov>
    Attn: Clint Steele <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    InfoBank Group Leader <http://walrus.wr.usgs.gov/staff/csteele.html>
    USGS, MailStop 999, 345 Middlefield Road
    Menlo Park, CA 94025-3561
    USA

    (650) 329-5055 (voice)
    (650) 329-5190 (FAX)
    infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov <mailto:infobank@octopus.wr.usgs.gov>

    Metadata standard:
    FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata <http://www.fgdc.gov/> (FGDC-STD-001-1998 <http://www.its.nbs.gov/nbs/meta/meta.html>)


    Generated by mp version 2.9.13 on Tue Oct 29 15:47:07 2013