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ID T-1-69-BS
Also Known As 69ANC
TT042
Cruise_42
Abstract Chief Scientist: Joe Creager. Geological and Geophysical data (sparker, airgun, echosounder, VanVeengrab, Shipekgrab, gravitycore, transmissometer) of field activity T-1-69-BS in Chukchi Sea-Bering Sea continental shelf, between St. Matthew and St.Lawrence Island and Alaska from 08/19/1969 to 09/12/1969
Project/Theme Chukchi Sea - Bering Sea Continental Shelf
Chief Scientist Joe Creager
Activity Type Geological and Geophysical
Platform Thomas G. Thompson
Area of Operation Chukchi Sea-Bering Sea continental shelf, between St. Matthew and St., Bering Sea Island and Alaska, Bering Sea
Bounding Coordinates
65.75000
160.25000    -155.25000
50.25000
Dates 08/19/1969 (JD 231) to 09/12/1969 (JD 255)
Analog Materials list
Crew
Joe Creager Chief Scientist, Univ of WA
Mark Holmes Cruise Leader, Univ of WA
E. Baker Radio Operator, Univ of WA
S. Barnes Scientific Watch and Photographer, Univ of WA
K. Duff Scientific Watch, Univ of WA
R.J. Echols Coring Watch and Recorder, Univ of WA
J. Kummer Scientific Watch, Univ of WA
D.R. Morrison Coring Supervisor, Univ of WA
R. Nishimori Scientific Watch, Univ of WA
R.W. Roberts Watch Chief, Univ of WA
N. Silverberg Watch Chief, Univ of WA
C.S. Smyth Scientific Watch and Computer Operator, Univ of WA
J. Svensson Scientific Watch, Univ of WA
Dick Sylwester Electronic Technician, Univ of WA
N. Varney Scientific Watch, Univ of WA
K. Von Bock Watch Chief, Univ of WA
V. Walsh Scientific Watch, Univ of WA
Equipment Used
sparker
airgun
echosounder
VanVeengrab
Shipekgrab
gravitycore
transmissometer
Purpose
To provide the field collections
necessary to interpret the stratigraphic history of the sediments
deposited during a major marine transgression across a continental
shelf-coastal plain complex. The area represents an excellent model
for the study of transgressive sedimentary sequences because of its
simplicity in sediment thickness, age, and marker horizons. The
sediment, predicted to average no greater than 10 to 15 m, can be
collected fully with presently available coring equipment where the
sediment is soft, and yet it is thick enough to provide detail of
sedimentologic events over the 20,000-year Holocene transgression.
Because of the importance of the area covered by this cruise to the
studies of the Bering Land Bridge and the migration of man to the
New World, it is hoped that it will be of use in interpreting the
paleotopography of the land bridge surface and the times of
inundation.
Information to be Derived
stratigraphic
Summary
Shallow-penetrating continuous seismic profiling (using a 3.5-khz
system, 150-joule sparker, and 1000- and 2000-joule air guns) and precision echo
sounding were planned to permit continuous monitoring of the changing thickness
of unconsolidated sediment. The 3.5-khz system was never successfully operated
because of malfunctioning of the equipment as supplied by the manufacturer. The
air gun was operated over about half of the total track, and the 150-joule
sparker was operated almost continuously. The precision echo-sounding system was
operated continuously. Continuous reduction of the data permitted tentative
location of buried Pleistocene drainage channels. A great deal of reduction and
interpretation remains, however, because the upper 15 m of the sediments
contained as many as six reflectors in some areas. Wherever the subbottom
reflectors indicated a thickened section of unconsolidated sediment, the bottom
was cored at least to the first major reflector and, where possible, through a
number of reflectors. As was the case during past cruises, the suspected
interfluves were covered by thinner sediment layers that were significantly more
difficult to core. The area east of 172 degrees W was apparently covered by more
recent coarser grained sands and silts, which make coring difficult and which
reduce the amount of subbottom penetration of acoustic energy. The buried
channels detected in the western part of the survey area were cored; the length
of the piston core barrel was varied at each station until maximum penetration
was attained. Additionally Van Veen or Shipek grab samples and gravity cores
were obtained at no greater than 56-km intervals along the cruise track.
Transmissometer measurements of suspended sediments were made along the leg
between Nunivak and Northeast Cape, St. Lawrence Island. One 20-foot piston core
assembly and one transmissometer were lost. Approximately 7200 km of track were
run, with the precision echo sounder continously in use. Approximately 4700 km
of sparker profiles and 2200 km of air-gun profiles were made.158 stations were
occupied, with grab samples collected at all stations and gravity cores
collected at 92 stations. Piston cores were collected at 44 stations.
Notes
Cruise conducted by the University of Washington
   Department of Oceanography, Seattle, Washington. Information is
   from the "Preliminary Report RV Thomas G. Thompson Cruise 42" by
   J.S. Creager and D.A. McManus, M69-80, September 1969
Got Help? For T-1-69-BS, we would appreciate any information on -- contract, days at sea, dive count, funding, information specialist, kms of navigation, national plan, NGDC Info, organization, owner, ports, project number, publications, scanned materials, seismic description, station count, station description, submersible, tabulated info.
Type Webpage KMZ Arc         Metadata        
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Navigation data nav    
Times   050.times    

T-1-69-BS location map of where navigation 

equipment operated

 
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