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Tsunamis and Earthquakes

The December 26, 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami: Initial Findings on Tsunami Sand Deposits, Damage, and Inundation in Sri Lanka
 

Table of Contents

Introduction
Survey Team
Importance of Survey
Survey and Methods
Inundation/Run-up
Tsunami Heights
Damage to Structures
Tsunami Sand Deposits
Recovery and Planning
Photos
Acknowledgments
Links
Contacts
 

Damage to Structures

Damage to structures in Sri Lanka was most apparent in areas where part of the structure was left standing. Often though, the only indication of a pre-existing structure was a remnant of a foundation. Damage to structures from the tsunami in Sri Lanka was greatest where the tsunami height was greatest. In some places there was a zone near the coast where all structures were completely destroyed. For example, in one part of Kalmunai, the zone of destruction extended about one-half a kilometer inland. However, the damage to structures was variable over short stretches of coast. Less than 2 km from this location, most of the structures were standing and relatively undamaged at distances greater than 100 meters from the shoreline. This variability could be the result of both variability in the tsunami and in the quality of construction.
 

Click any photo below to see a larger version.

Photo at the Nalaveli Hotel, see full-size panorama
Photo taken in Kalmunai on Sri Lanka's east coast


Pan and zoom around the 360° view (panorama) of this location 1.5 MB

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Photo at Kalmunai Kuddi, see full-size panorama
Photo taken at the Nalaveli Hotel on Sri Lanka's east coast


Pan and zoom around the 360° view (panorama) of this location 1.9 MB

View a jpeg image of the entire panorama

Download the Quicktime VR panorama file or a static jpeg image:
Right-click, Windows—or click-and-hold, Macintosh—in order to "Save as..."

Photo in Yala
Rooms at the Yala Safari Resort before the tsunami.
(larger image, 156 kb)
Photo in Yala
Rooms at the Yala Safari Resort after the tsunami.
(larger image, 126 kb)
Photo in Yala
Another photo of the Yala Safari Resort after the tsunami.
(larger image, 175 kb)
Photo, damage at Kalmunai, see larger image at138 kb
Nearly all the buildings within 500 m of the coast were destroyed at Kalmunai. Photograph courtesy of Phillip Liu, Cornell University.
(larger image, 138 kb)
Photo in Mankerni
The tsunami removed houses about 75 m inland at Mankerni—all that is left is their foundations. Note the boats transported inland by the tsunami. The hole in the lower right portion of the photograph was made by the ITST when it examined tsunami sand deposits.
(larger image, 143 kb)
Photo, damage at Perelyga, see larger image at155 kb
A TV set and toilet are among the rubble at Perelyga where a train was hit broadside by the tsunami killing all aboard.
(larger image, 155 kb)

Next page, Tsunami Sand DepositsTsunami Sand Deposits



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