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Tsunamis and Earthquakes

The December 26, 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami: Initial Findings on Tsunami Sand Deposits, Damage, and Inundation in Sri Lanka

Table of Contents

Survey Team
Importance of Survey
Survey and Methods
Tsunami Heights
Damage to Structures
Tsunami Sand Deposits
Recovery and Planning


The 26 December 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami: Initial Findings from Sumatra
Based on Survey Conducted January 20-29, 2005

Tsunami Generation from the 2004 M=9.0 Sumatra Earthquake

Sumatra Tsunami Study, March 30 - April 26, 2005

Compilation of the 26 December 2004 Indonesian Earthquake and Tsunami by NOAA:

Photographs of the south coast of Sri Lanka and of the Maldives taken by Professor Herman Fritz, Georgia Institute of Technology, and Professor Costas Synolakis, University of Southern California

Photographs of Sri Lanka (non-technical) taken by Bretwood Higman, University of Washington

"On the trail of destruction": article from Nature magazine, 26 December 2004

A series of web pages by the Japanese Research Group on The December 26, 2004 Earthquake Tsunami Disaster of Indian Ocean:

For more information on the 26 December 2004 tsunami from Nature magazine, see

See tsunami stories from Tom Paulson of the Seattle Post-Intelligencer

Field Study of Tsunami Deposits formed during the 1998 Papua New Guinea Tsunami:

Field Study of Tsunami Deposits formed during the 2001 Peru Tsunami:

USGS Fact Sheet FS150-00 "Helping Coastal Communities at Risk from Tsunamis—The Role of U.S. Geological Survey Research"

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