Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center
This study is a collaboration between the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Deltares (an applied research institute in the Netherlands), and the University of Hawaii (UH). The goals of this study are to:
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USGS oceanographer Curt Storlazzi served as a shallow-water coral expert in a panel discussion titled “Understanding Coral Reefs through Marine Science and Woolly Sculptures.”
USGS oceanographer Curt Storlazzi briefed DoD, and DOI and its Office of Insular Affairs, on coral reefs and climate change in the Pacific Ocean.
The combined effect of storm-induced wave-driven flooding and sea level rise on island atolls may be more severe and happen sooner than previous estimates of inundation.
Climate change may reduce the ability of coral reefs to protect tropical islands against wave attack, erosion, and salinization of the drinking-water resources that help to sustain life on those islands.
A new paper by researchers from Deltares and the USGS gives guidance to coastal managers to assess how climate change will affect a coral reef’s ability to mitigate coastal hazards.
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Exponential increase in coastal flooding frequency due to sea-level rise - Nature Scientific Reports 7
Observations of wave transformation over a fringing coral reef and the importance of low-frequency waves and offshore water levels to runup, overwash, and coastal flooding - Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans 121
Identification and classification of very low frequency waves on a coral reef flat - Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 121
Changes to extreme wave climates of islands within the Western Tropical Pacific throughout the 21st century under RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5, with implications for island vulnerability and sustainability - Global and Planetary Change 141
Many Atolls May be Uninhabitable Within Decades Due to Climate Change - Nature Scientific Reports 5
The influence of coral reefs and climate change on wave-driven flooding of tropical coastlines - Geophysical Research Letters 42
Recommended citation: Laura Zink Torresan, and Curt D. Storlazzi, 2014, “The Impact of Sea-Level Rise and Climate Change on Department of Defense Installations on Atolls in the Pacific Ocean”, US Geological Survey, Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center, DOI: 10.5066/F7QR4V4C