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Pacific Coastal & Marine Science Center

Coastal and Marine Earthquake Studies

Western Coastal and Marine Earthquake Studies.


SHIPS: Seismic Hazards Investigation in Puget Sound

Types of Seismic Surveys

Data was collected in two modes, one-ship mode and two-ship mode.

One Ship Mode

In one-ship mode seismic reflection data are recorded by a 2.5 km long streamer on the shooting ship, and refraction data is collected by seismometers located onshore and offshore. When a recording streamer is being towed, the ship can not manuever to avoid boat traffic. Large ships can not pass close astern of the research vessel without damaging the submerged streamer. The Coast Guard assists by notifying ships if they are likely to interfere with operations.

Two Ship Mode

In two-ship mode reflection data and refraction data are collected on the second ship. Additional refraction data are recorded by seismometers.

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Content Last Modified: 5 June 1998
Links Updated: 3 May 2012